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30 Jun 2007 description

Executive Summary

1. Introduction

President Bush signed the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 (the Act) on December 1, 2005. The Act sets out as a central goal the provision of affordable and equitable access to safe water and sanitation in developing countries as a key component of U.S. foreign assistance programs. It requires the Secretary of State, in consultation with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and other U.S.

24 Jun 2003 description

Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

A decade ago single-party states and military dictatorships were the norm in sub-Saharan Africa. The 2003 Freedom House report, using its stringent criteria, lists 18 African countries as free. Many more countries have made significant strides toward free and fair elections, effective governance and respect for internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. Some long-term civil wars have concluded or may be near resolution.

26 Apr 2003 description

President Bush has signed the "Clean Diamond Trade Act," which implements steps to exclude so-called "conflict diamonds" from international trade while promoting the legitimate diamond trade, the White House announced on April 25.

24 Jan 2003 description

Washington, DC, January 24, 2003 - The United States is concerned about the humanitarian impact of the violence and instability in Cote d'Ivoire and Liberia. The conflict in Cote d'Ivoire has forced at least 20,000 Ivoirians to seek refuge in neighboring countries and has prompted many of the 72,000 Liberian refugees there to return home or seek asylum in Guinea. In Liberia, intense fighting and attacks on civilians in the first half of last year produced outflows of nearly 70,000 new refugees into Guinea and Sierra Leone. More recent fighting has led to additional outflows.

07 Jan 2003 description

The White House announced January 7 that it has authorized the U.S. Emergency and Migration Assistance Fund to help refugees in four sub-Saharan countries to migrate or otherwise provide for their security needs.

09 Jul 2002 description

Added U.S. funding of $12.4 million to the World Food Program will feed refugees across Africa for one month, State Department Spokesman Richard Boucher said in a statement issued July 9.

13 Feb 2002 description

Alan W. Eastham, Special Negotiator for Conflict Diamonds, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs Testimony before the Senate Committee on Government Affairs, Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management Washington, DC February 13, 2002

Chairman Durbin, Members of the Committee, thank you for inviting the Department of State to participate in this important hearing to discuss the role of U.S. agencies in fighting the conflict diamond trade.

11 Jan 2002 description

The U.S. National Intelligence Council (NIC) has released a report identifying 20 humanitarian emergencies worldwide, affecting approximately 42 million people. "Global Humanitarian Emergencies: Trends and Projections, 2001-2002" predicts that the international community will continue to respond and provide aid to these countries, but that resources will remain below needs.

10 Oct 2001 description

(Official says system could be completed by Dec.

11 Apr 2001 description

The United States is contributing $26 million more this fiscal year to help fund the programs of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, State Department Deputy Spokesman Philip Reeker announced April 11. This will bring total U.S. contributions to UNHCR this year to $172.5 million.

10 Jan 2001 description

By Jim Fisher-Thompson, Washington File Staff Writer

18 Dec 2000 description

The U.S. State Department announced December 18 that the United States will make an initial contribution of $125 million dollars for the 2001 programs of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the world's leading agency in providing assistance and support to 23 million people who have fled their homelands.

21 Nov 2000 description

The Clinton administration has built a "forward-looking, informed, and enduring relationship" between the United States and Africa, but the next administration, Congress, and the small but growing constituency in the United States that cares about Africa must "build on this legacy ... to ensure there is no turning back on the road to full partnership."

19 Sep 2000 description

The next U.S. administration following the Clinton presidency will inherit a "heavy responsibility to maintain and expand" the close U.S.-Africa partnership that has been put in place and fostered during the past eight years, says Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Susan Rice.

13 Sep 2000 description

Urges lawmakers to consider industry suggestions

13 Sep 2000 description

Cong. Wolf testifies before House subcommittee

21 Jul 2000 description

G-8 decision to work against illegal trade cited

12 Jul 2000 description

U.S. Department of State
Ambassador Richard C. Holbrooke
U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations
Testimony Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Washington, DC July 12, 2000

09 May 2000 description

U.S. Department of State
Howard F. Jeter
Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs

Testimony before the House Committee on International Relations Subcommittee on Africa Washington, DC, May 9, 2000

Africa's Diamonds: Precious, Perilous Too?