- Southern Africa: Drought - Nov 2018
- Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017
- Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
- Southern Africa: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017
- Angola: Drought - 2012-2014
- Angola: Cholera Outbreak - Dec 2011
- Angola: Floods - Dec 2011
- Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2011
- Angola: Floods - Oct 2010
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
From the Editor
There are two major themes running through this issue of Field Exchange. The first is a focus on Southern Africa and the programmatic challenges presented by HIV/AIDS and the second concerns infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IFE). An extended visit to South Africa over the summer by ENN co-director, Marie McGrath, offered the opportunity to visit several collaborative WFP programmes in Swaziland and Namibia and also to identify significant HIV-related research in the region.
By Evelyn Depoortere, Epicentre
Evelyn Depoortere is currently a medical epidemiologist for Epicentre. Previously she worked on several MSF missions, including Southern Sudan during the 1998 famine.
The contributions of Sandra Simons (medical coordinator, Angola), Ann Verwulgen (field coordinator, Kuito), Dr. Paulina Semedo (Coordinator of the National Nutrition Programme) and Sophie Baquet (Nutrition Advisor, MSF-B) are gratefully acknowledged.
By Amador Gomez and Elisa Dominguez
Amador Gomez is Technical Director of Acción Contra el Hambre (ACH). Previously he spent several years working on nutrition and medical programmes in Angola, Somalia, Guinea, Nicaragua and Colombia.
Elisa Domínguez is currently the Medical and Nutritional Coordinator of ACH in Angola, and has worked with ACH on nutrition and medical programmes in Liberia, Guinea and Malí.
The work of Ganda and Caconda nutrition teams, managed by Montse Escruela and Susana Santos, is gratefully acknowledged.
Summary of published paper1
Between April and August 2002 in Angola, as part of the post-ceasefire demobilisation, about 81,000 former members of Uni=E3o Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola (UNITA) and 230,000 of their family members assembled in 35 resettlement camps country-wide. Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) launched nutritional and health care programmes in several of these camps. They also conducted a retrospective mortality survey.
An investigation of the feasibility of an ENN research workshop
Pilot study report
By Marie McGrath, Jeremy Shoham, Fiona O'Reilly
Summary of meeting
By Marie McGrath (ENN)
On November 5th, 2002 a meeting was convened by MSF Belgium on the nutritional situation in Southern Africa.
by Judith Lewis, Coordinator
United Nations Regional Inter-Agency Coordination and Support Office in Southern Africa (RIACSO)
By Gaëlle Fedida
Since 1993, Gaëlle Fedida has worked in humanitarian aid in a wide variety of countries, including Croatia, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo Brazzaville and Afghanistan. Now based in Paris, she is in charge of the Food Aid Programme for MSF France operations. In this article, the author describes how recent experiences in Angola and Southern Africa have led her to challenge how the humanitarian community define and prioritise need in emergencies.
Since 1995, MSF France has had a food aid cell at their headquarters in Paris.
Summary of Unpublished Study*
Micronutrient deficiencies have been reported in emergencies in populations who are dependent upon food aid, particularly refugees and IDPs. A review was recently carried out by a WHO intern to determine the awareness and progress in the field in detecting and/or preventing these outbreaks. Questionnaires were sent out to approximately 80 contacts, including academics, NGOs, aid agencies and individuals to gather information about activities and knowledge in the field.
Summary of report*
Since March 1999, successive waves of people have arrived in the town of Kuito, Angola, displaced by fighting in their native Bie province. As a result, June 1999 saw the creation of thirteen camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the north, south and east of the town which have continued to expand since. Currently, the resident population of Kuito is about 80,000 and the total of IDPs approximately twice that figure. Roughly 80km to the east lies the municipality of Camacupa where a number of IDP camps are also located.
Summary of draft review1
By Anna Taylor SCF-UK
Update on the current situation
The last edition of Field Exchange included an account of discussions on how food aid should be targeted in the siege town of Huambo situated in the Plan Alto region of Angola1. The article illustrated that 6 months of discussions took place before consensus could be reached that there were no advantages to targeting food aid as the entire population experienced a very similar degree of food insecurity.
By Sophie Baquet and Michelle van Herp
Sophie Baquet is the headquarter nutritionist in MSF Belgium and Michel van Herp, Headquarters epidemiologist in MSF Belgium. This article is based on field visits to Kuito between August 1999 and March 2000 and from field reports. There is also a contribution from Jeremy Shoham based on a recent review of pellagra in emergencies carried out on behalf of WHO.
By Lola Goselow
This article is based on a field trip made by Lola Gostelow (SCF HQ emergency advisor) to the SCF programme in Huambo province, Angola in November 1999. The aim of the visit was to review activities and future plans as well as work with the team on technical aspects of the food and nutrition programme. The article provides a snapshot description of SCF's emergency food and Nutrition intervention at the time. It also shows how mid-term programme reviews can strengthen interventions.
By Anthony Robbins, CARE International UK
Still bearing the brunt of a 30-year civil war, millions of Angolans are facing severe food and fuel shortages, artillery attacks on many of the main cities, and the terror of being caught between two warring forces.
There are now more than one million internally displaced people in Angola, two-thirds of who are women and children, according to the United Nations Children's Fund.