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1 . When the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) issued its first report early in April 2011:
• 99% of polio had been eradicated a decade previously but 1% had remained since then.
• Four countries had ‘endemic’ disease: India, Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan.
• Three countries that had previously been free of disease had ‘re-established transmission’ for more than six months: Angola, Chad and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Critical need to maintain immunity to poliovirus in India until global eradication achieved
ATLANTA / EVANSTON, Ill. / GENEVA / NEW YORK / SEATTLE ¦ 12 January 2012 – India appears to have interrupted wild poliovirus transmission, today completing one year without polio since its last case, in a 2-year-old girl in the state of West Bengal, on 13 January 2011.
1. Every country with persistent polio transmission, with the exception of India and Angola, has had more cases so far in 2011 than they had by the same time last year. Chad, Afghanistan and DR Congo have already exceeded their entire 2010 total.
2. The rate of occurrence of new outbreaks serves as an ongoing reminder that many countries in the world are under threat from the ease with which polio could be imported across their borders.
Wednesday, July 20, 2011
Deadly serious' funding gap and need to implement strategies consistently
Independent Monitoring Board report
In particular, the IMB expresses concern at the situations in DR Congo, Chad and Angola, and the continuing increase in cases in Pakistan.
The IMB underscores '7 important positive signs' which - if achieved by end 2011 - would affirm that the programme is back on track to interrupt all polio transmission by end-2012:
no recurrence of cases in India by end-2011;
The global health community signalled strong commitment to polio eradication this week, underlining the financial needs to finish the job.
New study in Vaccine offers strong economic justification for finishing the job on polio as quickly as possible.
A new study being released this week estimates that the global initiative to eradicate polio could provide net benefits of at least US$40-50 billion if transmission of wild polioviruses is interrupted within the next five years. The study provides the first rigorous evaluation of the benefits and costs of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI)-the single largest project ever undertaken by the global health community.
Pakistan - polio infrastructure supports flood relief effort: Polio eradication staff and resources are being used to help in the response to the devastating floods affecting Pakistan. Polio epidemiologists and surveillance officers in the worst-affected areas of North West Frontier Province (NWPF, now known as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and Punjab are equipped with vehicles, radio equipment, satellite phones, vital medicines and potable water tanks.
- Executive Summary
FOR the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), 2009 was a pilot year: an irony for a 20-year effort, but one that breathed innovation and fresh thinking into the initiative. At the beginning of the year, poliovirus survived in parts of four countries and was causing a large-scale international outbreak for the second time in five years. Poliovirus had - for the first time - re-established transmission in several countries.
On 18 June, a broad range of stakeholders formally launched the new Strategic Plan 2010-2012 for eradicating wild poliovirus, a goal which is already 99% achieved but is seeing a renewed push to reach the final one per cent.
The Ministers of Health of Nigeria, Angola and Senegal, among a number of other senior health ministry officials, existing and potential funders, vaccine manufacturers and key partner organizations spoke at the event - co-hosted by WHO Director-General Margaret Chan and the new UNICEF Executive Director Tony Lake - to discuss the implementation, monitoring, …
New strategy builds on 99% drop in Nigeria cases but faces 50% funding shortfall
GENEVA, Thursday 17 June - In Geneva this Friday, a broad range of stakeholders will formally launch the new Strategic Plan 2010-2012 for eradicating wild poliovirus.
Polio eradication sits at a critical juncture. Across Africa, 10 of the 15 previously polio-free countries re-infected in 2009 have successfully stopped their outbreaks. Key endemic countries are witnessing historic gains against the disease.
* Tajikistan has launched its response to a large wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) outbreak, with a national immunization activity being launched on 1 May in Dushanbe, the capital. As of this week, 32 WPV1 cases have been confirmed. For full details, see 'Tajikistan' section.
* At the T20 cricket world cup in St Lucia, the Indian and Afghanistan cricket teams came together at a media event to urge parents to immunize their children.