Maps & Infographics
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Background and methods
1 . When the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) issued its first report early in April 2011:
• 99% of polio had been eradicated a decade previously but 1% had remained since then.
• Four countries had ‘endemic’ disease: India, Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan.
• Three countries that had previously been free of disease had ‘re-established transmission’ for more than six months: Angola, Chad and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
1. Every country with persistent polio transmission, with the exception of India and Angola, has had more cases so far in 2011 than they had by the same time last year. Chad, Afghanistan and DR Congo have already exceeded their entire 2010 total.
2. The rate of occurrence of new outbreaks serves as an ongoing reminder that many countries in the world are under threat from the ease with which polio could be imported across their borders.
Special Report by Claudia Hofmann and Ulrich Schneckener
Transnational nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have developed strategies to improve the diffusion of and general adherence to international norms among nonstate armed actors, with the goal of persuading armed actors to adapt their behavior accordingly.
Wednesday, July 20, 2011
Deadly serious' funding gap and need to implement strategies consistently
Independent Monitoring Board report
In particular, the IMB expresses concern at the situations in DR Congo, Chad and Angola, and the continuing increase in cases in Pakistan.
The IMB underscores '7 important positive signs' which - if achieved by end 2011 - would affirm that the programme is back on track to interrupt all polio transmission by end-2012:
no recurrence of cases in India by end-2011;