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- World Vision: The number of people affected by hunger in southern Africa ‘will stretch around the world’. 10 Nov 2019
- FAO: As climate shocks intensify, UN food agencies urge more support for southern Africa’s hungry people. 31 Oct 2019
- Govt. Angola: Over 40 cases of polio recorded in Angola. 18 Nov 2019
- UN RC Angola: United Nations supports voluntary repatriation of refugees to DR Congo. 14 Nov 2019
- AfDB: Angola: African Development Bank approves $1 million grant to children’s food and nutrition security programs. 19 Oct 2019
Pasture and water for livestock are in a poor state in some areas due to recurrent droughts
Seasonal forecasts indicate enhanced chances of below average seasonal rainfall totals, raising concerns on the backdrop of the severe drought of the 2018/19 season.
Most parts of the region received near-normal rainfall through early November
Short term forecasts suggest an improvement of rainfall through-mid November in several countries, which may result in a timely onset in some areas.
Improving the availability of crop production and food supply data and information
In efforts to improve the monitoring and assessment of crop production and food supply in the SADC region, the RVAA Programme team is supporting the SADC Secretariat’s Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Directorate to implement a capacity building programme targeting the Member States.
The 2018/2019 season was the driest since at least 1981 in central and western parts of the region.
The drought resulted in crop failure, reduced forage, and poor water availability.
A delayed and erratic onset of rains, mid-season dry spells, and early cessation of rains in several parts of the region have contributed to poor crop production expectations in many areas.
Technical capacity building planning for NVACs
In October 2018, the Regional Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis (RVAA) Programme team rolled out a phased process of facilitating National Vulnerability Assessment Committees (NVACs) to develop their technical capacity building plans.
Many SADC Member States recorded normal to above-normal rainfall during the 2017/18 rainfall season, as predicted by the SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) in August 2017 at the 21st Southern African Regional Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF-21). In contrast, the approaching October 2018 - March 2019 rainfall season is forecasted to be normal to below-normal throughout the season over most of the region.
- A late and erratic onset of rains delayed planting and reduced area planted in southern and western parts of the region.
- A dry spell from mid-January to early February caused moderate to severe crop moisture stress in the central parts of the region. The dry spell ended in early February, allowing recovery of some crops. Observations however indicate that permanent wilting had occurred in several areas.
Well-below average rainfall has been received in most parts of the region for the October through early January period
Rainfall improved in parts of December through early and mid-January in some central areas, while erratic rains continued in the south
Extreme high temperatures affected many parts of the region in December
Seasonal forecasts for reduced rainfall continue to raise concerns of potentially negative impacts on crop harvests
The State of Nutrition in the SADC Region Malnutrition is one of the most significant challenges of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). According to the 2018 SADC State of Food and Nutrition Security and Vulnerability Report, 20 million children under age five in the region are stunted. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Madagascar, Mozambique and Zambia all have high stunting rates of 40 percent and above. In Madagascar, the national global acute malnutrition rate stands at eight percent.
Well-below average rainfall has been received in most parts of the region since October, although recent improvements were experienced in some eastern areas
The low rains have been associated with a delayed season onset in western, central and southern parts of the region. Some areas experienced delays in season onset of 30 to 40 days
Pasture and livestock conditions deteriorated, and drought-related livestock deaths were reported
The Climate Prediction Centre is predicting El Niño climatic conditions during the main 2018-19 growing season with 70-75% probability while IRI has increased the probability to more than 85%. Furthermore, the forecasts suggest a likelihood of a weak to moderate El Niño event. Historically El Niño climatic conditions have resulted in reduced rainfall across the southern part of Southern Africa.
30 million people in the SADC region are food insecure in 2018/19
Revised SADC Synthesis Report on the State of Food and Nutrition Security and Vulnerability in Southern Africa, 2018
• The 2017-18 rainfall season was characterized by a late start, an extended mid-season dry spell (December-January) and heavy rains from February into April. The dry spell caused moisture stress and wilting of the early planted crops in many areas in Botswana, south-western Madagascar, southern Malawi, southern and some central parts of Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Aug 20, 2018 | Southern African Development Community
09 July 2018, Gaborone, Botswana - The number of food insecure people in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region in the 2018/19 consumption year is 29 million people, representing 14 percent of the population, according to the “State of Food and Nutrition Insecurity and Vulnerability in Southern Africa” report. The report was compiled from results of the 2018 vulnerability assessments and analysis of 11 SADC Member States. The number of the food insecure population is 13 percent higher, compared to last year, 2017/8.
Cereal production during the upcoming harvest season in Southern Africa is expected to be below average, despite the heavy late rains, which benefitted the late planted crops. This is due to a late start of the rainy season, minimal to no rains during the critical planting season (December -January), high temperatures and the prevalence of Fall Armyworm (FAW).
Headline: Heatwave and Heat Spells persistency in northern and southern parts of the SADC Region during the period of 24 - 29 January 2018
Very high to extremely high temperatures have been experienced by most countries in the southern part of the SADC region, namely; Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, northern DRC, southern Mozambique, eastern Swaziland, southwestern Zimbabwe and southern fringes of Zambia.
Headline: Heatwave and Heat Spells over southern parts of the SADC Region
Very high to extremely high temperatures have been experienced by most countries in the southern part of the SADC region, namely; Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, southern Mozambique, Swaziland and some parts of Lesotho.