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23 Sep 2008 description


The Great Lakes region of central and eastern Africa has been torn apart by conflict for more than a decade. The region's wars have resulted in, and have been further propelled by, massive population movements. For example, one of the largest and fastest population flows in recent history followed the 1994 genocide in Rwanda which claimed nearly a million lives. This unprecedented flow included armed actors and those who had committed serious human rights abuses, amid throngs of genuine refugees.

23 Sep 2008 description


La région des Grands Lacs en Afrique centrale et orientale a été ravagée par des confl its pendant plus de dix ans. Les guerres dans la région ont conduit à des mouvements massifs de population, qui ont eux-mêmes constitué un motif supplémentaire de confl it. Par exemple, l'un des fl ux de population les plus importants et les plus rapides de l'histoire récente a fait suite au génocide de 1994 au Rwanda qui a causé la mort de près d'un million de personnes.

19 Sep 2008 description

Genève, le 19 septembre 2008 - A la suite de l'entrée en vigueur en Juin 2008 du Pacte sur la Sécurité, la Stabilité et le Développement dans la région des Grands Lacs, l'observatoire des situations de déplacement interne (IDMC) du Conseil Norvégien pour les Réfugiés et l'Initiative Internationale en faveur des Droits des Réfugiés (IRRI) publient aujourd'hui le guide sur la Conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs et les droits des personnes déplacées.

01 Oct 2004 description

Background and causes of displacement

The post-independence war (1974-1992) was a proxy Cold War battlefield in which the two major national groups, MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola) and UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) were supported by the Soviet Union and the United States respectively. In 1992, the UNITA rejected the results of multi-party elections won by the MPLA, and war resumed until the signing of the Lusaka ceasefire protocol in 1994.

07 Jul 2003 description

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has been put in charge of organising the repatriation of refugees from DR Congo to Angola. In collaboration with the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), NRC will repatriate almost 80 000 returnees within the next two years.

02 Jan 2003 description

The Norwegian Refugee Council has the following goals for its work in Angola:

  • Facilitate the return/repatriation/resettlement of refugees and IDPs in northern (Provinces of Uige and Zaire) and Southern (Provinces of Huila and Cuando Cubango) Angola

  • Strengthen the protection and living conditions of internally displaced and returnees who for different reasons can not return to their areas of origin in the short run, focusing on durable solutions also for this group.

29 Jan 2002 description

The newly redesigned Global IDP Database, run by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), has achieved global coverage of all ongoing situations of conflict-induced displacement in the world. On the basis of its 47 country profiles, the NRC has produced new analysis of internal displacement worldwide. For more information, access the Global IDP Database at www.idpproject.org