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29 Apr 2013 description

28.8 million internally displaced people worldwide in 2012, record high includes five-fold increase in Syria

GENEVA, 29 APRIL 2013: The number of people internally displaced by armed conflict, violence and human rights violations at the end of 2012 was 28.8 million, an increase of 2.4 million people on the previous year and the highest global figure ever reported by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).

01 Oct 2004 description

Background and causes of displacement

The post-independence war (1974-1992) was a proxy Cold War battlefield in which the two major national groups, MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola) and UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) were supported by the Soviet Union and the United States respectively. In 1992, the UNITA rejected the results of multi-party elections won by the MPLA, and war resumed until the signing of the Lusaka ceasefire protocol in 1994.