Appeals & Response Plans
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Most read reports
- WFP: WFP Angola Country Brief, August 2019. 18 Sep 2019
- Govt. Angola: Lunda Norte: Voluntary repatriation of refugees ends. 12 Sep 2019
- Govt. Angola: Over 200,000 children benefit from polio vaccine. 13 Jul 2019
- Govt. Angola: DRC refugees' situation worrying - Official. 5 Sep 2019
- Govt. Angola: Drought victims receive 320 tons of foodstuff. 12 Sep 2019
Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2015, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at the local, national, and regional levels.
Abnormal rainfall patterns contributed to a spike in food insecurity in the region, which is currently affecting more than 28.5M people. This figure includes Angola (where the figures are yet to be confirmed), Madagascar (where 1,893,398 people are classified as food insecure, of which 459,319 people are severely so). These severe food insecurity conditions are likely to be exacerbated by the current El Niño which is predicted to continue and strengthen in 2015/2016.
Delayed onset of seasonal rains in parts of Southern Africa raises serious concern for crop and livestock production in 2016
El Niño-related dry conditions at the start of the 2015/16 cropping season adversely affect cropping activities and impede early crop development in Southern Africa
Climate forecasts point to a very likely continuation of drier-than-normal conditions in early 2016 increasing the likelihood of serious impacts on production across many areas of the subregion
Heavy rainfall may lead to flooding in Kenya, Tanzania, and central Madagascar
Due to a delayed start of season and erratic distribution of rainfall, drought conditions have affected many countries in southern Africa, including Angola, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Mozambique. Exacerbated by a poor performance during the previous season, the deficient rain has already significantly reduced water availability, leading to livestock deaths and poor ground conditions over many areas.
Rains are still well below normal in the southern half of the region, with deficits strengthening in some areas in recent weeks.
Onset of rains is delayed by at least 30-40 days in parts of Angola and South Africa
Moderate relief is expected in some of these drought-affected areas, according to short term rainfall forecasts
Vegetation conditions in many areas are among the worst in 15 years. These conditions have some negative implications for pastures, livestock and hydrology
Africa Weather Hazards
Abnormal dryness has expanded across many portions of southern Africa from southern Angola, northern Namibia, southern Zambia, eastern Zimbabwe, central Malawi, central Mozambique, southern Botswana, to South Africa due to a delayed onset and persistent below-average rain since the start of the season. The deficient rain has already severely reduced water availability, negatively impacting cropping and pastoral activities over many areas.
• The current growing season (October 2015 – April 2016) in Southern Africa will develop during the peak stage of one of the strongest El Nino events in the available record. Unlike previous events, the official onset of this El Nino in March 2015 was preceded by borderline conditions during the previous growing season.
The region is extremely vulnerable to weather hazards such as tropical cyclones, floods, droughts and strong winds.
There is lack of resilience and coping mechanisms to the climate-related shocks, which results in heavy social and economic consequences for the population. Improving the local communities' resilience capacities remains central to the EU’s humanitarian assistance.
Brussels, 2.12.2015 C(2015) 8453 final
COMMISSION DECISION of 2.12.2015
financing humanitarian actions in Southern Africa from the 11th European Development Fund
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/322 of 2 March 2015 on the implementation of the 11th European Development Fund1 and in particular Article 9(3) thereof,
Bruxelles, le 2 décembre 2015. Le phénomène actuel devrait être le plus fort jamais observé, dépassant celui de 1997/1998.
L’Union européenne a annoncé aujourd’hui une contribution de 125 millions d’euros pour financer des mesures d’urgence dans les pays touchés par le phénomène météorologique extrême «El Niño» en Afrique, dans les Caraïbes, en Amérique centrale et en Amérique du Sud. Le phénomène actuel devrait être le plus fort jamais observé, dépassant celui de 1997/1998.
Brussels, 2 December 2015
The current El Niño is expected to be the strongest on record, surpassing the 1997/1998 El Niño. The European Union is today announcing a contribution of €125 million to finance emergency actions in countries affected by the extreme weather phenomenon ‘El Niño’ in Africa, the Caribbean, Central and South America.
Flooding risks continue to be elevated in Somalia, Kenya, and Tanzania
Africa Weather Hazards
Above-average seasonal rainfall has led to above-normal river levels along the Shabelle and Jubba River basins. Although a reduction of precipitation has been observed in mid-November, additional rains are expected to sustain the risk for flooding in the region.
Abnormal rainfall patterns during 2014/2015 have contributed to a spike in food insecurity, which is currently affecting at least 27.4 m people regionally (and this excludes Angola, which has yet to publish official figures; and Madagascar, which did not present to SADC, but where 1.9 m people are food insecure, of which 460,000 people are severely so). In Malawi and Zimbabwe, 2.8 m and 1.5 m people are food insecure respectively.
Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2006 and FY 2015, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Yemen: 14.4 million people are now food insecure: two million more than in June and four million more than before the escalation of conflict in March. 7.6 million people are severely food insecure. Heavy fighting continues, in particular in Al Dhalee and Taizz governorates. Peace talks between Houthi and government representatives, which were expected to begin mid-November, are yet to take place.
Late or erratic start of the season and below average rainfall will affect agriculture labor opportunities
Regional needs expected to increase with 2015/16 El Niño