Maps & Infographics
Headlines (last 30 days)
- UNICEF: Angola's drought takes heavy toll on children's education. 2 Oct 2019
Most read reports
- WFP: WFP Angola Country Brief, September 2019. 17 Oct 2019
- UNICEF: Where drinking water is a 90-minute walk away. 2 Oct 2019
- Amnesty: The end of cattle's paradise: How land diversion for ranches eroded food security in the Gambos, Angola. 15 Oct 2019
- WHO: Angola conducts review and validation of data on Neglected Tropical Diseases. 9 Oct 2019
- Govt. Angola: Cunene records rainfall after 12-month drought. 14 Oct 2019
I. Contexte général
a) Historique et situation actuelle
Vers la mi-août 2019, des milliers de réfugiés congolais ayant fui le conflit dit « Kamuina Nsapu » vers l’Angola ont exprimé subitement leur volonté de rentrer en RDC, ce qui a pris la communauté humanitaire de court. De plus, alors qu’une grande partie de ces réfugiés est originaire de la province du Kasaï, la quasi-totalité a exprimé le désir de se rendre à Kananga, au Kasaï Central, lors de ce retour. Ceci semble s’expliquer par plusieurs raisons :
THE YEAR IN REVIEW
By Dr Marc Biot, Dr Isabelle Defourny, Marcel Langenbach, Kenneth Lavelle, Bertrand Perrochet and Teresa Sancristoval, Directors of Operations
The world is currently in the midst of the largest refugee crisis since World War II
From Honduras to Bangladesh, millions of people have been uprooted by conflict and poverty
An unprecedented 70.8 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide, and 37,000 people are forced to flee their homes every day due to conflict or persecution.
This World Refugee Day, we are honoring and celebrating the resilience of refugees from around the world, who are struggling to survive in incredibly difficult circumstances.
Introduction and Lóvua context
Forced displacement puts significant psychological and social stress on individuals, families and communities. People not only experience atrocities prior to or during flight; their living conditions once they have reached safety also bring stress and hardship.
Southern Africa is projected to be one of one of the most vulnerable regions to the impacts of climate change. Floods and cyclones affected several countries and more than 400,000 people across the region were affected in 2018. The estimated population in the sub region is over 340 million. With 60 per cent of the population living in urban areas, this rise in urbanization means more youth are living in towns where employment opportunities are limited leading to increased crime and other socio – economic development challenges.
More than 7,000 families deported from neighbouring Angola and now back in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have received financial assistance in the border town of Kamako, in Kasai Province. This support will enable them to pay for their travel to be reunited with their loved ones or to improve their living conditions.
Plus de 7000 familles, retournées et expulsées d’Angola, ont reçu une assistance financière dans la ville frontière de Kamako, dans la province du Kasaï, au centre de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC). Ce soutien leur permet, pour les uns, de trouver un moyen de transport pour rejoindre leurs proches et, pour d’autres, d’améliorer leurs conditions de vie.
François doit retrouver sa famille à Kananga, la capitale de la province voisine du Kasaï-Central : « j'ai deux enfants malades et ici, je n'ai aucun médicament à leur donner »
There is an emerging humanitarian crisis in the Southern Kasaï region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, where Congolese have sought safety after being expelled from Angola in a violent clampdown on refugees and migrants.
En octobre 2018 l’Angola a entrepris l’expulsion des migrants se trouvant sur son territoire contribuant au refoulement de près de 362 097 congolais entre le 1er octobre et le 10 novembre. La majeure partie de ces personnes ont été expulsées vers le Kasaï en République Démocratique du Congo, province affectée en 2016 par un violent conflit ayant entrainé la dégradation d’une situation sanitaire et sociale déjà difficile.
The Climate Prediction Centre is predicting El Niño climatic conditions during the main 2018-19 growing season with 70-75% probability while IRI has increased the probability to more than 85%. Furthermore, the forecasts suggest a likelihood of a weak to moderate El Niño event. Historically El Niño climatic conditions have resulted in reduced rainfall across the southern part of Southern Africa.
In the morning of Monday the 15 October 2018, the region of Kasai in the Democratic Republic of Congo, was faced with a fast-developing humanitarian situation following the expulsion of more than 257,872 Congolese from Angola between 1st and 15th October 2018.
50,000 people are currently trapped near the border town of Kamako (Kasaï province, Democratic Republic of the Congo) with no resources, after being expelled from Angola.
Many have had to abandon everything they own and have no means of continuing the journey to their home regions. Some have a few possessions with them, carrying their mattresses on their heads or their furniture on the baggage rack of a bicycle. But most have had to sell whatever possessions they had managed to save in order to pay for food or transport.
Kamako, le 19 octobre 2018 (caritasdev.cd) : 406.716 Congolais expulsés de l'Angola vivent dans des conditions précaires dans les Provinces du Kasaï, Kasaï Central, du Kwango et du Kongo Central depuis le 1er Octobre 2018.
Selon les Caritas diocésaines concernées par cette crise et les témoignages recueillis auprès des autorités locales, les expulsions se font dans des conditions inhumaines de fortes violences, tracasserie, des extorsions perpétrées, des tortures des violences sexuelles à l’égard des femmes.
• The 2017-18 rainfall season was characterized by a late start, an extended mid-season dry spell (December-January) and heavy rains from February into April. The dry spell caused moisture stress and wilting of the early planted crops in many areas in Botswana, south-western Madagascar, southern Malawi, southern and some central parts of Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
In a complex and fast-changing world, we remain focused and resolute in pursuit of our goal – to provide the most appropriate, effective medicine in the harshest of environments. As well as responding to vital needs, our aid is born of a desire to show solidarity with people who are suffering, whether as a result of conflict, neglect or disease.