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31 Dec 2010 description


Climate change represents one of the greatest environmental, social and economic threats facing the planet today. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries, climate change is a major threat to sustainable development and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The combined effects of climate change, increased global population and income growth, among others, threaten to affect food and water resources that are critical for livelihoods in SSA.

07 Dec 2010 description

Jess Auerbach


December 2010

Refugee Studies Centre

Oxford Department of International Development

University of Oxford


This paper considers citizenship in its non-legal sense, using Angola as a case study and focusing primarily on returning refugee youth and the manner in which reintegration programs are designed and implemented in light of the transition to democratic governance. Through interviews with United Nations and non-governmental organisation officials in Geneva, analysis of …

22 Nov 2010 description


Climate change represents the medium and long-term changes in average weather patterns. It is the result of both external forces and human activity. The major external forces that influence climate change include such processes as variations in solar radiation, deviations in the earth's orbit, and variations in the level of Green House Gas (GHG) concentrations, which lead to changes in the global mean temperature and the amount of precipitation.

25 Oct 2010 description

I. Introduction

Since the end of the Cold War, the illegal exploitation of natural resources has emerged as a primary means of financing armed violence.

25 Oct 2010 description

Vicenç Fisas

Director of School for a Culture of Peace

?? In the Philippines, the MILF abandoned its request for independence for certain regions of Mindanao and instead agreed to create a sub-state or an autonomous republic.

?? In Kosovo, the International Court of Justice handed down a non-binding ruling that the 2008 declaration of independence did not violate either international law or United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244.


11 Oct 2010 description


The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) in Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a policy research seminar in Cape Town on 25 and 26 February 2010 on the theme: "Building Peace in Southern Africa". The meeting assessed Southern Africa's peacebuilding challenges by focusing largely on the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the sub-region's principal Regional Economic Community (REC), which constitutes 15 member states (Madagascar, included in this number, was suspended in March 2009).

28 Jun 2010 description

Gugu Dube, Junior Researcher, Arms Management Programme

African states reinforced their ownership of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at a global conference hosted by the governments of Chile and Norway in collaboration with UNDP held 7-9 June in Santiago, Chile. The CCM is the most significant international disarmament treaty since the 1997 Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention.