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18 Dec 2008 description

Dec 18 (Reuters) - The death toll from a cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe has soared to 1,111, the United Nations said on Thursday, adding to pressure for a quick solution to the crisis in the southern African country.

Here are some details about cholera and recent outbreaks in Africa:

* RECENT OUTBREAKS IN AFRICA:

DIED INFECTED DATE

ZIMBABWE 1111 20,581 Dec. 08

D.R. CONGO 92 3,091 Sept. 08

GUINEA-BISSAU 213 12,785 Nov. 08

400+ 25,000 2005

SUDAN (south) 44 6,000 Aug.

28 Nov 2008 description

Nov 28 (Reuters) - A cholera epidemic has killed nearly 400 people in Zimbabwe and is spreading fast. Here are some details about cholera and recent outbreaks in Africa:

* RECENT OUTBREAKS IN AFRICA:

DIED INFECTED DATE

ZIMBABWE 389 9,463 Nov. 08

D.R. CONGO 92 3,091 Sept. 08

GUINEA-BISSAU 213 12,785 Nov. 08

400+ 25,000 2005

SUDAN (south) 44 6,000 Aug. 08

700 25,000 2006

ANGOLA 1,893 46,758 June 2006

* WHAT IS CHOLERA?

-- Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

25 Nov 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

SUBJECT: The political and economic outlook for Southern Africa in 2009.

SIGNIFICANCE: Southern Africa faces heightened political and economic strains in the year ahead. The security outlook in Zimbabwe and the Democratic Republic of Congo has deteriorated, and real democratic progress remains elusive.

13 Nov 2008 description

Nairobi/Goma_(dpa) _ Troops from Angola and Zimbabwe are supporting the Congolese army in its battle against rebel forces in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo, reports said Wednesday.

06 Nov 2008 description

LUSAKA, 6 November 2008 (IRIN) - A funding shortfall is jeopardising food supplies to about 3,000 of the most vulnerable refugees living in two of Zambia's largest camps, a senior UN refugee agency (UNHCR) official has told IRIN.

"We have received communications from WFP [World Food Programme] stating that from 2009 they will stop providing food to refugees at the Meheba and Mayukwayukwa refugee settlements.

05 Nov 2008 description
report The Zimbabwean

Congo's warring rivals traded accusations Tuesday that Angola, Zimbabwe and Rwanda are mobilizing forces to fight in Congo, as the UN Secretary General prepares to fly into this besieged city to assess weeks of fighting that has displaced a quarter million people.

The accusations of foreign involvement, reminiscent of a disastrous 1998-2002 war that drew in eight African nations, stoked fears of a wider conflict in this mineral-rich nation.

The fighting has forced tens of thousands of refugees to struggle through the countryside with what belongings they can carry.

04 Nov 2008 description

Lusaka, Zambia_(dpa) _ The decision by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to phase out food aid to refugees in two camps in Zambia will leave about 3,000 people vulnerable to hunger, the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) said Tuesday.

UNHCR Representative to Zambia James Lynch said the WFP had informed his office that it would stop providing food to all but the most vulnerable refugees at Zambia's Meheba and Mayukwayukwa camps in 2009.

The two camps in Zambia's North-Western and Western provinces are hosting a combined population of 26,300 …

01 Oct 2008 description

JOHANNESBURG, 1 October 2008 (IRIN) - Angola's new government is promising better health facilities at both primary and secondary care levels, as well as to reduce the prevalence of HIV/AIDS over the next four years.

The oil- and diamond-rich nation went to the polls earlier this month and returned the ruling MPLA party to power with more than four-fifths of the votes, giving it 191 seats in the 220-member legislature.

25 Sep 2008 description

JOHANNESBURG, 25 September 2008 (IRIN) - At least six countries in Southern Africa could receive poor rainfall during the critical planting season starting next month, says an early forecast for the 2008/09 agricultural season.

Lesotho, Swaziland, most of Namibia, parts of Angola, Madagascar and South Africa are likely to receive "normal to below-normal" rain in the first half of the season from October to December, said the forecast by the Drought Monitoring Centre of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

This could have significant implications for the start …

04 Sep 2008 description

LUANDA, 4 September 2008 (IRIN) - Last-minute radio jingles have been trying to persuade people like Almerindo Malessu to vote on Friday but, like many other Angolans, the jobless father of two thinks the parliamentary elections - the first in the country for 16 years - are a waste of time.

"Nothing convinces me that these elections will change either my life or my family's," Malessu, 22, told IRIN.

17 Jul 2008 description
report Boston University

A municipal health needs assessment was conducted by a Boston University Doctor of Public Health student to fulfill an academic practicum requirement. Data were collected in Luanda and the municipality of Cuango, Angola during the period of September 20 through October 20, 2007. The following is an abbreviated version of the results of the assessment.

01 Jul 2008 description
report Xinhua

LUANDA, Jul 01, 2008 (Xinhua via COMTEX News Network) -- The Angolan government and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) are holding talks on returning Angolan refugees residing in Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo), Angola's official news agency ANGOP reported on Tuesday.

UNHCR Antonio Guterres was quoted as saying that he met Angolan Prime Minister Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos, analyzing the return of small groups who are still abroad and, eventually, support the reintegration of others in host countries where they might have …

11 Jun 2008 description

KINSHASA, 11 June 2008 (IRIN) - Most women arriving in parts of the province of Kasai Occidental in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) among a new wave of some 27,000 deportees from Angola, have been sexually abused, a local health official said.

"There are many injured people and 80 percent of the women [who arrived] had been raped," Pierre Didi Mpata, a doctor and director of an NGO running a local health centre in Kamako village.

21 May 2008 description
report Voice of America

By Lisa Schlein

Geneva - The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, warns extreme poverty, climate change and civil strife are generating more refugees around the world. He says the growing number of refugees and migrants is leading to more intolerance and xenophobia. Lisa Schlein reports for VOA from UNHCR headquarters in Geneva.

The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres, says refugee numbers were going down until 2005.

19 May 2008 description

JOHANNESBURG, 19 May 2008 (IRIN) - The death toll in a wave of attacks targeting foreigners around South Africa's main city of Johannesburg has reportedly risen to 32, with an estimated 6,000 people seeking shelter in police stations, churches and community halls.

Police spokesperson Director Govindsamy Mariemuthoo was quoted in The Star newspaper as saying on Monday that the situation was calm in the townships of Alexandra, in northern Johannesburg, and Diepsloot, southwest of the city, where the attacks started last week.

However, the violence spread to Zandspruit, northwest of …

06 May 2008 description

by Jacquie Kiggundu, Junior Professional Consultant and Research Assistant

Introduction

03 Apr 2008 description

LIVINGSTONE, 3 April 2008 (IRIN) - South Africa cut a lone figure in Zambia's tourist capital of Livingstone as the only African country not to endorse a global ban on the use of all cluster munitions.

Africa's economic powerhouse and the continent's leading arms producer was the odd one out following a two day meeting of 39 African countries, which on 1 April, endorsed the Livingstone Declaration calling for the eradication of all cluster munitions.

Cluster munitions were first used by the former Soviet Union during the Second World War and quickly became part of …

01 Apr 2008 description

JOHANNESBURG, 1 April 2008 (IRIN) - Widespread flooding in southern Angola has been a major contributor to the 4,500 reported cases of cholera this year, of which 150 cases were fatal.

According to figures published by Angola's health ministry on March 31, there were 590 new cases reported in the week leading up to the report, up from the 503 cases reported in the previous week.

World Health Organisation (WHO) spokesman Jose Caetano told IRIN "The situation (in Angola) was worsening due to rain.

Cholera is a waterborne intestinal infection causing acute diarrhoea and …

28 Mar 2008 description

JOHANNESBURG, 28 March 2008 (IRIN) - With no end in sight to rising global food prices, families across southern Africa are being forced to tighten their belts.

"Everything is very expensive - we are now living on borrowed money," Towela Ngwira, a shopper at a market in Zambia's capital, Lusaka, told IRIN.