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19 Feb 2015 description

Epidemic prone diseases remain to be serious public health threats to Mem- ber States in the African region. In response to these threats, Member States through the adoption and implementation of the Integrated Diseases Surveil- lance and Response Strategy and the International Health Regulations, con- tinue to strengthen their public health emergency response systems and struc- tures. In this issue, a summary of acute public health events that occurred dur- ing the course of 2014 is provided

In this issue:

31 Dec 2014 description
  • Heavy rains brought needed moisture to dry areas in eastern southern Africa.
  • Moderate to heavy rains were observed around Lake Victoria in Uganda and Kenya.
24 Dec 2014 description
  • Needed rainfall was observed across previously dry areas in southern Africa.
  • Dry conditions prevailed across eastern Africa.

1) Although good rains were observed over the Greater Horn of Africa during late November and early December, the delayed onset of the October- December rainy season combined with an erratic distribution of rains during the season had already negatively impacted ground conditions in northern Kenya and southern Somalia. As the season is coming to an end, a recovery is unlikely.

24 Dec 2014 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The benefits of strengthening disaster preparedness are cost effectiveness and the delivery of effective humanitarian response.

  • Countries in the region have varying levels of preparedness.

  • Mozambique and Madagascar are most exposed to tropical cyclones.

FIGURES *

19 Dec 2014 description

Abnormal dryness expected to continue in East and Southern Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Although good rainfall was observed over the Greater Horn of Africa in late November and early December, the delayed onset of the October December rainy season, combined with an erratic distribution of rains during the season, has already negatively impacted ground conditions in northern Kenya and southern Somalia. As the season is coming to an end, a recovery is unlikely.

18 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

• The early stages of the 2014-2015 growing season in Southern Africa were characterized by significant rainfall deficits in an area extending across eastern Zambia, northern Zimbabwe, northeastern Mozambique and Malawi. The crop growing regions of eastern South Africa and Madagascar were also affected. The rainfall deficits led to vegetation levels being significantly depressed across these regions.

18 Dec 2014 description

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2015

17 Dec 2014 description
  • A favorable distribution of rainfall was observed over Southern Africa during the past week.

  • Seasonally-dry weather observed in Eastern Africa.

12 Dec 2014 description

Despite heavy rains in localized areas, rainfall deficits persist in East and Southern Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Low and poorlydistributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorated ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits remain in many local areas.

05 Dec 2014 description

Heavy rains may lead to flooding, landslides in Central America; early season dryness continues in Southern Africa

  1. Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness some dryness, but rainfall deficits remain in many local areas.

05 Dec 2014 description

SEPTEMBER– NOVEMBER 2014 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS

  • The season started slowly with a delays over most parts of the region. A delay of one or two dekad(s) was observed.

  • Over eastern part of the region covering the southern DRC, Zambia, Zimbabwe, the southern Mozambique and northern part of South Africa was drier than normal.

  • Some wet spots were observed during this period, spreading over eastern DRC, west and south of Tanzania, central Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.

05 Dec 2014 description

Highlights

  • Short season (Vuli) in bimodal areas of northern Tanzania starts well

  • Good late-November rains in south-east Botswana and north-west South Africa help to ease dry conditions

  • Delayed onset of rains in southern Malawi, central Mozambique, eastern Zambia, and northern Zimbabwe

03 Dec 2014 description
  • Below-average rains observed over a wide portion of Southern Africa during the past week.
  • Seasonal rains coming to an end in the Greater Horn of Africa.

1) Low and poorly distributed seasonal OctoberDecember, Deyr, rains have led to moisture deficits and deteriorated ground conditions throughout local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits have persisted over many localized areas.

02 Dec 2014 description
  1. Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of below-average rainfall in November is likely to reduce crop growth and limit the regeneration of pasture.

26 Nov 2014 description
  • Scattered moderate to heavy rains observed in southern Somalia and eastern Kenya.

  • Below-average rains persist in central Angola, southern Zambia, and eastern South Africa.

1) Low and poorly distributed seasonal “Deyr” rains have led to strengthening moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas in southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits have persisted over many localized areas.

24 Nov 2014 description
report Oxfam

Food security in southern Africa relies upon small-scale agriculture, a sector in which women take the lead. However, smallholder farmers are among the most vulnerable people to food insecurity, often lacking the resources and access needed to produce or procure adequate food. The effects of climate change exacerbate their vulnerability, which further compromises the food security of the entire region.

22 Nov 2014 description

Slow start to seasonal rainfall continues in Angola and Zambia, dryness remains in Somalia, Kenya, and Tanzania

  1. Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of below-average rainfall in November is likely to reduce crop growth and limit the regeneration of pasture.

19 Nov 2014 description
  • A short period of increased rains helped to relieve many anomalously dry areas in the Greater Horn.

  • Strengthening moisture deficits continue throughout parts of northern Angola and eastern Zambia.

1) Low and poorly distributed seasonal “Deyr” rains have led to strengthening moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas in southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of drier than average rainfall in November is likely to negatively affect crop and pastoral areas in the region.