Appeals & Response Plans
Headlines (last 30 days)
- Save the Children: At least 25 children hospitalised after Ghazni car bomb attack in Afghanistan. 10 Jul 2019
- UNICEF: Two million Afghan children cannot reach their full potential due to undernutrition. 2 Jul 2019
- UNICEF: Scores of children among casualties in Kabul attack - UNICEF. 1 Jul 2019
- DFID: More than five million Afghans will receive emergency life-saving UK aid. 17 Jun 2019
Most read reports
- Save the Children: At least 25 children hospitalised after Ghazni car bomb attack. 10 Jul 2019
- UNHCR: Afghan returnees face economic difficulties, unemployment [EN/Dari/Pashto]. 14 Jul 2019
- SCA: SCA strongly condemns attack on health clinic in Wardak province. 13 Jul 2019
- OCHA: ERM Household Assessment Report: HEAT assessment to conflict IDPs in Ghazni, 02 to 08 July 2019. 14 Jul 2019
- OCHA: ERM Household Assessment Report: AC306: 31 IDP HH assessment report in Bamyan province, 02 – 05 January 2019. 14 Jul 2019
Arrivals in the Mediterranean from 01 January until 30 June 2017 total 102,847 (Greece, Italy, Spain and Cyprus, including arrivals to the Canary Islands and by land to Spain). This compares to 231,075 for the same period in 2016. In the first half of the year, 9,286 persons arrived in Greece by sea (158,377 arrived during same period in 2016, a decrease by 94%).
Background and context
So far this year some 266,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. Although refugees and migrants continue using the Eastern Mediterranean route, in July Italy registered 10 times more arrivals than Greece.
So far this year more than 231,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. While the trend of decreased arrivals through the Eastern Mediterranean continued during the month of June, with only 1,500 new arrivals in Greece, some 22,250 people were rescued in Italian waters during the same period of time.
• Since January 2015, more than 1,200,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. From late 2015 and onwards there has been a steady increase in the proportion of children among refugees and migrants not only on the Eastern Mediterranean, but also on the more dangerous and perilous Central Mediterranean migration route. Currently this proportion stands at 35 per cent of all arrivals in 2016. In addition, it is estimated that almost 500 children lost their lives in the Eastern and Central Mediterranean since the beginning of 2016.
Since the beginning of 2016, almost 184,500 people have crossed the Mediterranean to seek safety and protection in Europe. Of them, 154,914 arrived on Greek shores. Since last March, there has been a significant reduction in the flow of refugee and migrant populations from northern Greece due to the enforcement of more rigid border controls along with adoption of the EU-Turkey agreement.
Since the beginning of 2016, almost 153,200 people have crossed the Mediterranean to seek safety and protection in Europe. Of them, 143,205 arrived through the Eastern Mediterranean, on Greek shores.
In February 2016, women and children made up 63 per cent of refugees and migrants crossing from Greece into the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, children were 41 per cent.
A. Situation analysis
Latest developments on 7 March at 15:00 hours
The situation in Greece has deteriorated in the last days as new border restrictions are being imposed causing a major concentration of migrants in Idomeni and Athens. The number of women and children on the migrant routes are increasing and is a major factor to consider in terms of operational needs. It is reported that some 30,000 migrants are now being trapped in Greece.
More than one million people arrived in Europe by sea in 2015. Since the beginning of 2016, almost 82,640 new arrivals were registered, 76,607 of them on Greek shores.
Women and children are now 59 per cent of refugees and migrants crossing from Greece into the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and children make up 37 per cent.
Sea arrivals to Greece reduced to an average of 13,500 per week in January, from 22,500 in December. Numbers fluctuate from 0-5,000 per day. Service provision becomes inadequate when high numbers of migrants arrive and when onward transport to the mainland is disrupted causing temporary build ups to occur. Similar issues occur at Idomeni, where there are recurrent border closures.
The conditions migrants find in Greece are still mostly inadequate, whilst conditions further along the route have improved.
In 2015, 1,014,836 people crossed the Mediterranean, arriving on Europe’s shores. One in four of all arrivals was a child, but in SouthEastern Europe this proportion is one in three.
The proportion of children amongst refugees and migrants continues to increase. In Serbia it currently stands at 35 per cent in comparison to 27 per cent in September, while in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia this ratio is 37 per cent compared to 23 per cent in September.
As of today, more than 1,030,000 people are being reported to have crossed to Europe since the beginning of 2015. The main migratory entry point remains Greece, with almost 875,000 arrivals registered.
Demographically, we can still see a majority presence of adult males among the migrants on the move (49%), but we encounter more families, which is translated into an increasing number of children (31%) and women (19%).
REGIONAL STRATEGIC OVERVIEW
Background and Context
One million refugees and migrants have made the perilous journey across the Mediterranean into Europe in 2015. The majority – or 850,000 – have crossed from Turkey to Greece through the Aegean and Dodecanese seas. This movement constitutes one of the largest movements of displaced people through European borders since World War Two.
So far this year 972,551 people have arrived by sea in Europe. At least 243,000 of all arrivals are children. More than half of them entered Europe between October and December 2015.
The proportion of children registered at the border between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia has increased from 9 per cent in June to 35 per cent in the first two weeks of December.
The European Commission (EC) enacted four major decisions during this reporting period. It:
On 25 October, President Juncker convened a Leaders Meeting on refugee flows along the Western Balkans route to address the unfolding emergency situation. The objective was to improve cooperation, step up consultation between the countries along the route and take pragmatic operational measures to tackle the refugee crisis. Leaders representing Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia agreed on a 17-point Action Plan.
As of today, more than 950,000 people are being reported to have crossed to Europe in 2015. The main migratory entry point remains Greece, with almost 800,000 arrivals registered.
Refugees and migrants continue to arrive in Europe at unprecedented levels– so far this year 921,713 people have arrived by sea. Nearly 212,000 of them are children.
The proportion of children registered at the border between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia has increased from 9 per cent in June to 32 per cent in November.