Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Headlines (last 30 days)
- DFID: More than five million Afghans will receive emergency life-saving UK aid. 17 Jun 2019
- UNICEF: Afghanistan sees three-fold increase in attacks on schools in one year – UNICEF. 28 May 2019
Most read reports
- UNHCR: UNHCR Afghanistan Operational Fact Sheet, 31 May 2019. 23 Jun 2019
- Health Cluster: Afghanistan Health Cluster Operational Presence, May 2019. 23 Jun 2019
- DFID: Helpdesk Report: K4D - Agriculture in Afghanistan – economic sustainability and subsector viability. 24 Jun 2019
- UN GA: The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security - Report of the Secretary General (A/73/902–S/2019/493). 18 Jun 2019
- DFID: Over five million Afghans to receive emergency life-saving UK aid. 17 Jun 2019
Applications for asylum down to pre-crisis levels in 2018, but number of pending cases remains high
Asylum applications in the EU+ decreased for the third consecutive year in 2018, returning to pre-crisis levels. Despite an increase in applications in the first five months of 2019, it remains too early to be indicative of a significant long-term shift in recent trends.
On 21 May, three young men from Afghanistan and one from Pakistan were found in critical condition at a parking lot near Novi Sad, after they had spent several hours in a sealed gas tank, at temperature above 60 degrees Celsius. Presumably, they tried to hide in the truck to clandestinely enter Croatia. Although they were immediately transferred to the Clinical Centre in Novi Sad, three passed away, including a 16 year old unaccompanied boy from Afghanistan. Families, friends and authorities cooperated in organizing the repatriation of their bodies to Afghanistan for burial.
Fewer applications in April for the 10 main citizenships of origin, except for Turkish nationals.
In April 2019, more than 54 500 applications for international protection were lodged in the EU+. This was a slightly lower monthly total than in the previous month, but remained at a higher level than in the same month of 2018. Since the end of 2017, the monthly number of applications has been fluctuating between approximately 50 000 and 60 000, with no exception in April 2019.
The Asylum Office of the Ministry of Interior ruled on three applications for asylum during April, granting refugee status to one and rejecting two. So far in the first four months of 2019, the Asylum Office recognised needs for international protection of 22 asylum seekers in Serbia, granting 12 refugee and 10 subsidiary status.
UNHCR welcomed the Asylum Office of the Ministry of Interior ruling on 15 applications for asylum during March, granting protection to 11 and rejecting four. So far, during the first quarter of 2019, the Asylum Office recognised needs for international protection of 25 asylum seekers in Serbia, granting 11 refugee and 14 subsidiary status, which equals the total number of persons granted protection during the whole of last year. Amongst these 25 refugees, 20 benefitted from legal representation, and three from psychological assessments under the UNHCR project.
Frontex publishes Risk Analysis for 2019
In 2018, the number of detections of illegal border crossings reached its lowest level in five years, but migratory pressure remained relatively high at the EU’s external borders, according to the Frontex Risk Analysis for 2019 report that was released today.
In 2018, the DTM Mediterranean team gathered 5,328 Flow Monitoring Surveys through a network of 30 DTM focal points and data collectors in 7 different countries on about 179 flow m onitoring p oints located on entry, inside and on the exit points in Spain, Italy, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Montenegro and the Republic of North Macedonia. In 2018, DTM Mediterranean published 6 analytical reports with insight into the profile of the interviewed migrants and their experiences during the journey to Europe.
"This 17th Edition of To Walk the Earth In Safety summarizes the United States' CWD programs in 2017. CWD assistance provides the United States with a powerful and flexible tool to help partner countries manage their stockpiles of munitions, destroy excess small arms and light weapons (SA/LW) and clear explosive hazards such as landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and UXO. Our assistance also helps countries destroy or enhance security of their man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and their threat to civilian aviation, in addition to other weapons and munitions.
Les réfugiés et les migrants qui tentent de rejoindre l’Europe par la mer Méditerranée ont perdu la vie à un rythme alarmant en 2018, tandis qu’une réduction des opérations de recherche et de sauvetage continue de faire de cette traversée maritime la plus meurtrière au monde. Selon le tout dernier rapport « Voyages du désespoir », publié aujourd’hui par le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, six vies humaines ont été perdues, en moyenne, chaque jour.
Six people died each day attempting to cross Mediterranean in 2018, UNHCR report shows
Refugees and migrants attempting to reach Europe via the Mediterranean Sea lost their lives at an alarming rate in 2018, as cuts in search and rescue operations reinforced its position as the world’s deadliest sea crossing. The latest ‘Desperate Journeys’ report, released today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, says six lives were lost on average every day.
ARRIVAL TRENDS AND FIGURES
Between 1 January and 30 November, 131,100 refugees and migrants reached Europe via the three Mediterranean routes compared to almost 171,430 arrivals in the same period in 2017. This marks a 25% reduction from the previous year’s arrival figures, showing a continued declining trend of the overall arrivals numbers to Europe. After a spike in October, arrivals dropped in November with over 10,080 people reaching Europe.
U.S. foreign policy experts assess the likelihood and impact of thirty potential crises or conflicts around the world in the coming year in CFR’s annual survey.
According to available data from national authorities and IOM offices, a total of 133,489 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe between January and November 2018, 25 per cent decrease compared to the 178,232 reported in the same period 2017. 30,951 migrants and refugees were registered on entry and exit in Bosnia and Herzegovina (23,271), Albania (3,280) and Montenegro (4,400) in 2018, fourteen times more than the 2,199 registered in the same period last year.
According to the available data from national authorities and IOM offices, a total of 122,947 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe between January and October 2018. Estimated 81 per cent of migrants and refugees arrived by sea (99,174). A total of 27,972 migrants and refugees were registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Albania since the beginning of 2018, thirteen times more than the 2,199 reported in the same period last year and a ten times increase compared to the 2,725 registered in the whole of 2017.
In the first 11 months of 2018, the number of irregular border crossings into the EU fell by 30% from a year ago to about 138 000, mainly because of lower migratory pressure in the Central Mediterranean. A month before the end of the year, 2018 remains on track to see the lowest number of illegal border crossings since 2014.
In November, about 8 800 irregular border crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, 44% lower than in the same month of last year.
Stockpiles of excess, poorly-secured, or otherwise at-risk conventional weapons continue to pose a challenge to peace and prosperity worldwide. In the wrong hands, SA/LW fuel political instability and violence, while more advanced conventional weapons, such as MANPADS, pose a serious threat to international security. Aging munitions stockpiles may also explode without warning, devastating nearby population centers. Meanwhile, landmines and ERW, including cluster munition remnants, artillery shells, and mortars, continue to kill and maim people even after conflicts end.
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 103,347 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 14 November. Spain topped 50,440 – more irregular arrivals to Spain through 45 weeks of 2018 than all arrivals during the past three years combined.
This marks the fifth straight year arrivals of irregular migrants and refugees have topped the 100,000 mark, although this year’s totals are low compared to those at this time in 2017 (156,708) and 2016 (343,158).
Sarajevo – With elevated numbers of migrants and refugees entering Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2017, the European Union has just allocated more than EUR 7.2 million in grants to support the work of the UN Migration Agency, IOM, in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The funds were provided through an Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance special measure. Resultant projects will be implemented by IOM in partnership with the UN Refugee Agency and UNICEF to help further strengthen the country's migration management, asylum, border control and surveillance capacities.