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06 Jan 2011 description

Executive summary

In December 2009, the Executive Committee (ExCom) of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) adopted an ExCom Conclusion on protracted refugee situations (PRS) (UNHCR 2009a). This is a potentially significant development and reflects a growing international interest in one of the most complex and difficult humanitarian problems facing the international community today.

Although Executive Committee Conclusions are not legally binding, they constitute broad expressions of consensus regarding the principles of international protection.

31 Jan 2008 description

INTRODUCTION

Starting in 2002, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has facilitated one of the largest and most rapidly organised voluntary repatriation movements of refugees in modern history (1) (UNHCR 2006a: 144). To date, UNHCR estimates to have assisted 3.7 million Afghan refugees to return to Afghanistan, 2.9 million from Pakistan, 800,000 from Iran, and 14,000 from non-neighbouring states (UNHCR 2007: 3).