Since late April, the deadly escalation of conflict has killed more than 100 civilians and displaced 180,000 more. Air strikes and shelling have destroyed schools, hospitals and other vital infrastructure.
A total of 270,348 refugees have been registered in the settlements of Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas. On average, over 4,000 refugees are being registered a day in the exercise.
On 13 May, reports indicated unidentified forces allegedly wearing the uniforms of the Rapid Support Forces used live ammunition at protests in Khartoum, killing six people.
Damaged or destroyed houses are the primary factors preventing return to areas of origin, followed by accessibility, inadequate living conditions and repeated weather events.