Fifty per cent of those in need are concentrated in Ninewa and Al-Anbar governorates while 1.5 million people remain internally displaced, most for more than three years.
More than 14,000 refugees from north-east Syria have fled across the border into Iraq, carrying with them nothing but a few personal belongings. Tens of thousands more people are expected.
Nigeria has experienced repeated outbreaks of measles due to low routine immunization coverage and is also in the meningitis belt where the incidence rate is very high.
The Afghanistan Humanitarian Fund has contributed $9.5 million to an FAO-led project that aims to boost the resilience of farmers affected by conflict and natural disasters.