Nigerian military frees more than 400 Boko Haram captives in October and November
Food insecurity persists in Boko Haram-affected areas in northeastern Nigeria
Cameroon grants UNHAS permission to operate humanitarian flights in the north of the country
Chad extends its declared state of emergency until March 2016
L’épidémie de rougeole connaît son premier recul grâce aux interventions des acteurs
Quand la limitation des ressources rime avec limitation des activités
Protection des civils
More than 10 years since the start of the Darfur conflict, violence and insecurity continue to cause displacement, despite the Doha Peace Agreement1 . More than 2.5 million people live internally displaced in Darfur due to the fighting between government forces and rebel groups and intertribal conflict. Since the beginning of the year, 223 000 people were uprooted from their homes.
In Nigeria, the security situation in the north-east is volatile as fighting continues between the insurgents and the Multinational Joint Task Force. The insurgents continue to sack communities, worship centres and other public structures in the north-east. The Nigerian Government recently unfolded a ‘North-East Marshall Plan’ (NEMAP) aimed at assisting those internally displaced by the insurgency.
In 2015, over 3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance out of which 2.5 million have been targeted by the humanitarian community for assistance. This represents nearly 20 percent of the population (13.2 million), indicative of the high levels of vulnerability throughout the country.
Besoins humanitaires et chiffres clés
Le contexte humanitaire reste marqué par l’insécurité alimentaire, la malnutrition, les mouvements de population, les épidémies et les inondations.
(Abuja et Dakar - 27 Novembre 2015): « La violence extrême dans le nord-est du Nigéria est le facteur le plus visible de l'instabilité et la nécessité de l’action humanitaire autour du bassin du Lac Tchad, mais la pauvreté absolue et la dégradation environnementale constituent les causes profondes de la crise qui mine la région.
(Abuja and Dakar, 27 November 2015): “Extreme violence in the North-East of Nigeria is the most visible driver of instability and need for emergency relief across the Lake Chad Basin, but abject poverty and environmental degradation are the root cause of the crisis that plagues the region. The political, environmental and developmental causes of the crisis must be addressed with a renewed sense of urgency”, United Nations Assistant Secretary-General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, said today at the end of a week-long visit to affected areas in Nigeria.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Recurring natural disasters such as droughts, floods, combined with volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon and causes internal displacements.
Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
High levels of humanitarian needs persist in Somalia with about 4.9 million people in need of life-saving and livelihood support and 1.1 million in protracted internal displaced. Some 308,000 children under the age of 5, or one in eight, are estimated to be acutely malnourished. Hereof, 56,000 are severely malnourished and in urgent of need of medical treatment and therapeutic food.
• Communities struggle to recover from worst flooding in decades
• Hundreds of thousands helped by local response and recovery efforts
• 11,000 people remain in flood evacuation sites in Chin and Sagaing
• Floods response and recovery continues in Rakhine; one of the worst hit areas
• Limited humanitarian access to conflict affected civilians in Sumprabum, Kachin
• Up to 6,000 displaced by fighting in Southern Shan
• Most of the displaced have returned to Kokang
92 658 Personnes Déplacées Internes.
63 598 * Réfugiés vérifiés et préenregistrés par le HCR depuis Mai 2013.
47 746 Réfugiés vivant au camp de Minawao.
25 143 Nouveaux arrivés enregistrés par le HCR depuis Janvier 2015.
- Ce chiffre comprend 15 852 réfugiés identifiés hors camp à l’issue de l’exercice de profilage.
L’engagement de l’UNICEF en faveur de l’équité - donner une chance équitable à chaque enfant, partout, et notamment aux plus défavorisés – repose sur la conviction qu’il s’agit d’un principe juste et sur la preuve que cela fonctionne en pratique. Ce rapport démontre qu’il est nécessaire de combler les inégalités persistantes en matière d’équité, parce que le cycle des inégalités n’est ni inévitable ni insurmontable et parce que le coût de l’inaction est trop élevé.
Le programme pour l’équité
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
While the country has made modest gains, high levels of humanitarian needs persist. About 4.9 million people are in need of life-saving and livelihoods support and 1.1 million remain internally displaced.
On 21 November 2015, UNAMID peacekeepers handed over the newly constructed Nusaibah Secondary School for Girls, to the displaced community at Al Salam camp for the internally displaced, North Darfur.
The project, which includes a perimeter fence, two classrooms and an office space was constructed by the Mission’s Rwandese peacekeepers .
On his part, UNAMID Force Commander Lt.-General Paul Ignace Mella urged the Nusaibah Secondary School authorities to maintain educational standards among the school’s students.
Needs inside and out of Syria continue to expand with an increasing number of refugees and Internally Displaced People. Outside Syria there are now estimated to be over 2.2 million child refugees, and inside Syria 6 million children in need of humanitarian assistance, including 2.8 million displaced children.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Every day, thousands of children in situations of emergency are separated from their families and left alone without protection. They are also exposed to attacks, sexual exploitation, forced labour, abuse, forced early marriage and recruitment by armed groups, among other things. Many are deprived from their most basic needs, such as shelter, health care, food or access to education. Today, as we celebrate the Universal Children's Day, the European Commission reinforces its commitment to the protection of children's rights worldwide.