La conjonction de plusieurs facteurs a conduit à la crise humanitaire complexe que connaissent actuellement le Nigéria et la région du Lac Tchad : un conflit, la pauvreté et le changement climatique, fléaux auxquels vient s’ajouter la menace omniprésente de Boko Haram. Ce mouvement armé qui cible expressément l’instruction s’est déjà distingué en attaquant et détruisant des écoles dans un environnement où le travail éducatif était déjà éminemment difficile.
A number of overlapping factors have led to the complex humanitarian crisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad basin region: conflict, poverty and climate change. Further compounding these burdens is the pervasive menace of Boko Haram. This armed movement, which specifically opposes education, has a track record of attacking and destroying schools in an already challenging environment for education.
The Danish government is donating DKK 20 million towards Unicef’s efforts to help children and former child soldiers who have fled the terrorist movement Boko Haram in Nigeria and neighbouring countries. Boko Haram has forced 2.2 million people from their homes. The 20 million Danish Kroner donation to Unicef will be announced today at a donor conference in Oslo on the humanitarian crisis in Nigeria and the region around Lake Chad.
The Minister for Development Cooperation Ulla Tørnæs says:
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
More widespread and intense fighting between Misratan militias and the lna in western Libya reignites a conflict for control of the country and opens windows of opportunity for is to regroup
Yangon, Myanmar, 23 February 2017- The first National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) was launched today in Nay Pyi Taw by Myanmar’s State Counselor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. The Plan includes a common policy framework which sets the strategic directions for the next five years; a clear road map for guiding all investments in the sector, both domestic and international; and a vehicle for coordinated implementation efforts.
2016 saw a significant scale-up in the response across the worst-hit areas of the Lake Chad region. Owing to the support of donors and collective efforts by Governments, UN agencies and non-governmental organisations, children were rescued from malnutrition, vaccinated against life-threatening diseases and able to access education. Families on the move were sheltered and provided with help. Communities were assisted with food or livelihoods to avoid hunger.
ACROSS THE LAKE CHAD REGION
According to the Ministry of National Education, in January 499,843 refugee children (252,735 girls, 247,108 boys) were enrolled in temporary education centres and public schools across the country.
Almost 1,400 refugees and migrants made the dangerous sea journey to Greece in January – the lowest numbers seen since the UN and Turkish authorities began reporting on the crisis in 2015.
Environ 35 500 personnes déplacées sans assistance humanitaire dans les territoires de Malemba-Nkulu, Mitwaba et Pweto
Kilwa continue son combat contre l’épidémie de choléra
Aperçu de la situation
As of September 2016, the Government of Niger estimated that 302,000 persons, comprised of refugees (30 per cent), IDPs (60 per cent) and returning Niger nationals (10 per cent), was displaced. Insecurity has adversely affected the resilience of the population, turning host families into IDPs, and therefore destroying the socio-economic fabric of the society. In certain areas there are clear signs indicating the degradation of social cohesion.
1. The present report is the thirty-sixth submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), paragraph 10 of Council resolution 2165 (2014), paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2191 (2014), paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2258 (2015), and paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2332 (2016) in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report, every 30 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
Facts & Figures
Since fighting erupted in December 2013:
More than 1.7 million internally displaced people according to UN estimates
Over 202 000 people seeking refuge at UN Mission compounds (UNMIS)
Over 1.1 million South Sudanese refugees & asylum seekers in neighbouring countries (UNHCR)
67 aid workers killed by warring parties (UNOCHA)
About 4.8 million people experiencing food insecurity
Militiamen threaten camp residents of Sortony in Kabkabiya, North Darfur, causing insecurity for people venturing out of the camp for displaced people. A shortage of teachers and classrooms poses a disadvantage for the displaced children.
A coordinator for the camps in Kabkabiya locality told Radio Dabanga that the displaced in Sortony currently live in “a state of siege by militants”. “They prevent them by force of arms from going out to collect firewood.
The new Protracted Relief and Recover Operation (PRRO) 200961 “Strengthening resilience in Niger through an integrated multi-sector and multi-partner safety net approach” started. It will focus on two fundamentals pillars: the zero hunger objective and government capacity development.
At current operational levels of the new resilience project, USD 46 million are urgently needed for the implementation of activities for the next 6 months.
Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria, 15 February 2017. Representatives of 12 donor countries and agencies completed a three-day mission to Borno State, northeast Nigeria, hosted by the UN Organisation for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
The revised hotspot woredas list (December 2016) classified 34 additional hotspot woredas as compared with the last classification which took place in July 2016. Of the 192 hotspot woredas, 67 are found in the Somali region, 43 are in Oromia, nine are in SNNP and 23 are in Afar region.
UNICEF has procured 200,000 tubes of scabies treatment cream permethrin 5 per cent, and 200,000 more tubes are in the pipeline. A total of 750,000 tubes have been procured by UNICEF since early 2016.