By Omar Waraich, 21 August 2016, 15:05 UTC
UNTIL recently, Pakistan was home to the largest refugee population. For decades, the country won much praise for giving sanctuary to vulnerable people who had to flee their homes. When far wealthier countries showed a callous indifference towards those people seeking safety — tightening border controls while pleading lack of capacity — the example of Pakistan shamed them.
Brigitte Rohwerder, July 2016
What have been the different approaches/strategies to transitional shelter in post-natural disaster contexts in developing countries and what lessons have been learned (with a focus on the non-technical aspects of transitional shelter)?
Literature on approaches to transitional shelter in post-natural disaster contexts reflects the variety of different approaches and definitions, which complicate understandings of transitional shelter and lessons learned.
In the period from 12 to 18 August, 694 families have returned to South Waziristan and North Waziristan Agencies.
The latest phase of returns of 5,798 registered families to the 88 villages of Orakzai Agency was completed on 5 Aug.
Families returned this week - 694
Families returned in 2016 - 64,915
Families returned total* - 177,688 * since 16 March 2015
Families remaining in displacement - 126,103
Total returned female-headed households* - 16%
The dialogue leading up to the WHS has cast a spotlight on humanitarian cash transfers. Significant global attention has centered on the role of cash transfers in bringing efficiency to the humanitarian system and improving outcomes for crisis-affected populations. U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called for cash-based programming to be the default method of support for affected populations1 , and various high-level panels2 have called for broad scale-up of cash transfers in humanitarian programming.
WFP continues its relief food assistance to displaced and returnee populations in the country’s north-west, complemented by livelihoods, nutrition and education support in the region alongside other targeted districts across Pakistan.
In June, WFP initiated preparation for operationalizing its cash-based livelihood support intervention in Sindh and Balochistan. Livelihood activities are progressing well in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An inter-cluster assessment mission (ICAM) was conducted to South Waziristan Agency from 18 to 22 July 2016 to assess the situation of 14 recently de-notified villages in Sarvakai, Sararogha, Ladha and Makin tehsils. Approximately 2,000 families as well as the remaining caseload of the previously de-notified areas are to be assisted in this phase of returns to South Waziristan Agency.
Families returned this week - 1,835
Families returned in 2016 - 62,233
Families returned total* - 175,006 * since 16 March 2015
Families remaining in displacement - 128,785
Total returned female-headed households* - 16%
% Returned & displaced: 58% Returned, 42% Displaced
Estimated houses damaged* - 29% Partially, 71% Fully * as of 04 August 2016
In the period from 5 to 11 August, 931 families have returned to South Waziristan Agency.
The latest phase of returns to the 88 villages of Orakzai Agency was completed on 5 Aug.
Families returned this week: 931
Families returned in 2016: 63,276
Families returned total*: 176,049 * since 16 March 2015
Families remaining in displacement: 127,742
Total returned female-headed households*: 16%
Through this $10.25 million grant to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), USAID is supporting the education of Temporarily Displaced Persons (TDPs) from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and the education of children from communities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province, which are hosting these TDP families. This project encourages community engagement, supports the construction and rehabilitation of approximately 300 public schools in the FATA and KP province, and aims to train approximately 1,000 teachers for these schools.
ISLAMABAD: The Government of Germany has confirmed a contribution of Euro 1 million to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) for resilience and food security in Pakistan.
Every child has the right to a fair chance in life. Leaving no child behind is both a moral imperative and a strategic priority for the development of inclusive, sustainable and stable societies everywhere. In 2015, UNICEF worked with partners around the world to make that fair chance a reality.
Total funding requirements: $ 22.7 million
Thematic areas: - Cash for work - Livelihood grants - Livelihood training
People in need: 2 million
People targeted: 1.1 million
Required: 22.7 million
Received: 9.9 million
Funding gap: 12.8 million
Donors: DFID, OFDA, ERF/PHPF, Japan, ECHO
Implementing partners: 22 partners
Responding to displacement and enduring protection challenges for returnees in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA
Since June 2015, the government of Pakistan took a decision to return Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to their areas of origin by November 2016. Encouraging signs, such as the de-notification of areas and provision of the unconditional cash grant to returnees, indicated the possibility for improvement of security and stability in the areas of origins.
Families returned this week 3,054
Families returned in 2016 48,291
Families returned total* 161,064
*since 16 March 2015
Families remaining in displacement 142,727
Total returned female-headed households* 17%
In the period from 22 to 28 July, 3,054 families have returned to Orakzai and South Waziristan Agencies.
PESHAWAR: When 45-year-old Fazal Rehman along with his family reached his village in Kurram Agency from Kohat after six hours of troublesome journey on an uneven and tough terrain, what he saw was not less than a shock. He had come back with his eight-member family to his native land after seven years. It didn’t resemble the home he once had.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Wheat production in 2016 estimated at near‑record level
- Rice exports forecast to increase in 2016
- Prices of wheat and wheat flour on increase
- Overall, food security conditions stable but localized food insecurity persists
Wheat production in 2016 estimated at near‑record level