INTRODUCTION: IT WAS NEVER GOING TO BE EASY
The last report of the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) of the Global Polio Eradication initiative (GPEI), published in October 2014, was clear that the programme’s goal of interrupting polio transmission globally by the end of 2014 would not be met. This assessment was confirmed as 2015 began and children were still being paralysed by polio.
Nobody expressed great surprise, accustomed to the sad reality that the polio programme has missed one deadline after another.
By Adresh Laghari
Bannu district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – April 2015: For the small premises, it is quite a large gathering of men in the front-yard of the Hujra (a gathering place for the community) in Laluzai village. Usually, such large gatherings are only seen on wedding feasts or when tribal courts (Jirga) are held. Today, however, it is a Mother and Child Day session. Community members have gathered here to listen to community health workers speak about mother and child healthcare.
Iraq: Islamic State have taken control of Ramadi. 500 died and 42,840 people fled fighting in the city over 16–17 May, adding to the 180,000 displaced in Anbar since early April. Access to new IDPs in Habbaniyah, Khadiyah district, is limited due to insecurity, and health concerns are growing.
IRAQ - Conflict
• As of 16 May, Islamic State (IS) launched a complex attack aimed at taking full control of Ramadi; heavy fighting is also reported in the areas of Fallujah and Karmah. IOM’s displacement tracking matrix monitored the displacement of more than 6,500 families.
As of 14 May 20,808 families have returned to Khyber Agency, 593 families to North Waziristan Agency, 4,789 families to South Waziristan Agency including 1,551 unregistered families. The returning families, that were registered and verified as IDPs, are being assisted by both the humanitarian community and the Government. The humanitarian community is providing monthly food for a period of six months and NFIs on the basis of needs/vulnerability. The Government is providing PKR 10,000 for transportation and PKR 25,000 as a cash grant.
In 2015, the authorities have planned to facilitate the return of over 170,000 families to the different de-notified areas of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). As of 14 May 2015, 26,190 families have returned including 1,551 unregistered families to South Warziristan Agency (SWA). The bulk of returns took place in Khyber Agency whereby 20,808 families have returned to the de-notified villages of Aka Khel area in Bara Tehsil.
Peshawar, Pakistan | AFP | Monday 5/18/2015 - 04:38 GMT
by Guillaume LAVALLÉE
Hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis displaced by anti-Taliban military operations in tribal areas wish only to return home -- but first they have to agree to fight the extremists themselves.
It's "social engineering" unheard of in the recent war on terror: displace an entire population, fight the insurgents who remain, then bring back those uprooted and charge them with keeping the militants at bay.
In April 2015: 29 Measles outbreaks, 2 Pertussis 1 Food Poisoning outbreak has been reported by DEWS
The movement of refugees from Pakistan’s North Wa-ziristan Agency (NWA) into Khost and Paktika provinces continued due to active military operations. The verified total refugees assessed are 35,252 families (243,248 individuals). Among them 175,929 individuals are in Khost and 67,319 individuals in Paktika.
AMOUNT: EUR 54 307 000
0 . MAJOR CHANHES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
For Afghanistan, due to humanitarian needs related to the conflict and the very high number of civilian casualties, the humanitarian response in all cases takes the needs of conflict affected people into consideration. For this reason, an amount of EUR 10 115 000 had to be shifted from natural disasters specific objective to man made crises specific objective.
• An estimated 17,000 families seek assistance as conflict induced displaced persons
• Humanitarian flights deliver aid to affected families in remote Badakhshan
• 2015 HRP first quarter report says 40 per cent of 1.5 million affected people have received emergency assistance
• CHF supports lifesaving action for vulnerable Afghan with $21.5 million
KABUL, Afghanistan, 15 May (UNHCR) – The UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres praised the new Afghan government's commitment to solving the problems of internal displacement and re-integrating returning refugees, terming it crucial for the entire region.
Snapshot 6–12 May 2015
Iraq: Conflict has escalated in a number of locations. In Anbar, fighting has displaced more than 47,000 in Karmah district, and more than 133,000 around Ramadi. Clashes between Islamic State and government forces have intensified around Baiji oil refinery, in Salah al Din.
The 2014 Annual report of the ICRC is an account of field activities conducted worldwide. Activities are part of the organization's mandate to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war, and to promote respect for international humanitarian law.
Facts and figures
26.2 million people had access to water and sanitation improved.
Read more on water and shelter.
9.12 million people were provided with basic aid such as food.
Read more on aid distribution.
Six months after the National Unity Government came to power, Afghanistan remains in political, military, and economic transition. Intensified conflict has caused large scale displacement and increased civilian casualties. As of 31 March, 20,000 individuals were displaced due to conflict this year alone, including 5,000 displaced in Helmand due to military operations.
The nutrition status of vulnerable children is extremely compromised in complex emergency situation. During the displacements children and mothers are provided with nutrition services through CMAM programs established but when it comes to returns to the native places, it is worth mentioning that basic services are currently lacking, because the infrastructure has been destroyed badly and also due to many other factors– the rehabilitation process would take long time. In the given situation it can easily trigger a nutrition emergency among children and mothers.