From 13 to 19 May over 2,000 families returned to Noth Waziristan (NWA) and South Waziristan (SWA) Agencies. The Government has announced a schedule for all remaining returns. This schedule will consist of a series of phases for each agency lasting until mid-November. Stage three of NWA returns is ongoing and involves 22,000 families. Stage four will commence 16 Sep. with the final 40,000+ families.
1.The Council stresses the need to further strengthen the work on the external dimension of migration policy and reaffirms its commitment to a comprehensive and geographically balanced approach on migration on the basis of the European Agenda on Migration, European Council conclusions and Council conclusions of 12 October 2015 and 12 May 2016 in full respect of international law and human rights. The Council recalls the steps taken by the EU and its Member States in integrating migration as a permanent and structural component of EU foreign policy.
Returns continue at a regular pace with 2,331 families returning during the week of 6 to 12 May. As before, the bulk of returns are to North Waziristan and South Waziristan Agencies. Twenty six families have returned to Orakzai in the past week, concluding this phase of Orakzai returns. The next two phases of Orakzai returns will address the remaining 21,252 families, although exact dates for these returns have not yet been announced. The current phase of Kurram returns has also concluded. The next phase will begin following further denotifications within Kurram.
BIBAK TOP: With the completion of the final phase of the operation Zarb-i-Azb in Shawal, the army has shifted its focus to the repatriation of internally displaced persons (IDPs), which will be initiated very soon in order to end by December, said senior military officers.
Eighty per cent of the displaced population will be back in their homes in North and South Waziristan by September, said an officer while briefing the media on Friday.
UNHCR, the United Nations refugee organization, is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the world-wide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
This advocacy strategy for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) & the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) was jointly developed in collaboration with members of the Protection Cluster, Child Protection (CP) and GBV sub-clusters, and the Ageing and Disability Task Force (ADTF).
Returns have slowed somewhat, although a steady stream of families continues to move back to Kurram, Orakzai, North Waziristan and South Waziristan Agencies. Last week over 4,400 families returned with the majority going to Kurram. The current phase of returns to Kurram will end on May 9, when the planned movement of approximately 15,000 families will finish. Orakzai returns continue to be slower than expected. Unregistered returns continue at a steady pace with almost 6,000 families returning to all four agencies.
IOM continues to assist the people and Government of Pakistan by supporting communities affected by natural disasters together with regular programmes focusing on migration management, migration health, disaster preparedness, and resettlement movements and community stabilization implemented in coordination with other development and humanitarian counterparts.
1. Key points
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$68.3 million of humanitarian assistance to Pakistan since the start of 2016.
Responding to the evolving situation, in line with the Return SOPs endorsed by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in February 2012, and in accordance with the ‘Return Policy Framework for IDP from FATA’, endorsed by the FATA authorities in 2010, the Protection cluster agreed to conduct a series of consultations with families displaced from Orakzai Agency.
A surge in returns to four Agencies has seen over 10,400 families leaving for North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Kurram and Orakzai in the past week. All IDPs have left New Durrani camp for Kurram and the camp is closing. Returns are likely to continue at the same pace for the coming weeks period. The return plan is slightly ahead of schedule at this point.
In Afghanistan, 2015 was a year marked politically by the presidential elections, and subsequent drawn out processes that led to the formation of the national unity Government. It was the year in which Afghan security forces took full responsibility for the security and protection of the population. It was marked by the fall and capture of the city of Kunduz by the Taliban on 28 September, the subsequent devastating air strike on the MSF hospital, and a month later by a powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake in Badakhshan.
From 14 to 16 April 2016, a mission including the Humanitarian Coordinator and OCHA Head of Office (o.i.c) conducted a two-day visit to Kurram Agency. The team visited New Durrani camp, recently denotified areas of Central Kurram and villages where returns took place two years ago to gain a better understanding of the immediate humanitarian needs of returned IDPs.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.