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27 Mar 2017 description
report ActionAid

More than 3 million people in Kenya are impacted by the drought across East Africa, with the worst affected living in the arid and semi-arid lands across the country. The rains have been depressed over the past year and pastoralists are very badly impacted, their livelihoods destroyed and their families suffering. FIfteeen of the 23 arid and semi-arid counties are now in the emergency category. The priority now is to save lives and livelihoods.

Food has become more expensive due to the drought

27 Mar 2017 description

This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 25,062,572 Swiss francs (increased from 9,107,628 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in assisting 1,033,300 people (an increase from 340,786 people) for twelve months. The expanded operation will focus on the following sectors: Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Livelihoods, Nutrition and Food Security.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The month of February was generally dry and had a moderate vegetation greenness deficit as indicated by a 3 Month VCI of 28.

  • In most areas, pasture condition is poor while browse is fair and below normal.

  • Most open water sources have dried up and the yield level of underground facilities is low

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

Rainfall: February recorded slightly increased precipitation levels across most parts of the County and across all livelihood zones. The recorded rainfall was slightly below average compared to the long term. The rainfall was 70% of the normal in February (1 month anomaly). The rainfall distribution was poor in terms of time but fair in terms of space across all livelihood zones.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Long dry spells continued into the month of February.
    However, off season rains of about 75 percent of normal was realized in pockets of the region. The rains were poorly distributed in time, volumes and space.

  • Vegetation condition index stood at 53 percent of normal meaning that available forage were of poor conditions.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Rainfall: Depressed amount of rainfall was received in Mbeere North and South sub-counties in the month.

  • Vegetation condition: The vegetation greenness was within the expected range across the two livelihood zones in the two sub-counties in the month.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • No rainfall was received in the county in January.

  • The Vegetation Condition Index was below normal at 19.03

  • The state of water sources was inadequate and below normal.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

  • Livestock body condition was below normal at this time of the year.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought situation and phase classification

Biophysical Indicators (Environmental indicators)

  • On average the county received minimal rains for any significant impact.

  • State of water sources in the county during the month under review was 3 (indicating inadequacy) following poor recharge of pans.

  • On average pasture condition remained poor across livelihood zones while browse was fair.

  • 3-month VCI indicates that the county was at 12.99 (severe vegetation deficit).

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

 Rainfall: There was Poor rainfall performance in the County except in Narok North Sub County.  Vegetation condition: The 3 month vegetation condition index (VCI) for the County is 24.55, depicting a moderate vegetation deficit.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators:

  • No harvests recorded.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

Rainfall-No rainfall received over the month of February 2017.The rains were not expected in the current month since it is a short dry period normally.

Vegetation condition-The current county average vegetation condition index (VCI 3 month) for February 2017 is 18.The VCI Isiolo North and Isiolo South is 18. The VCI declined compared to 22 recorded last month.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Rainfall report: off season rains were reported in various parts of the County.

11.2 mm was recorded at Marsabit Station.

  • Vegetation condition; Pasture and browse condition is poor in all livelihood zones as confirmed by VCI which shows extreme vegetation deficit for County.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation

Biophysical Indicators

  • Normal dry weather conditions prevailed in February with three days of off-season rains.

  • The County was in moderate vegetation deficit band. Kajiado South sub-county was in severe vegetation deficit band.

  • Distance to water points from households was longer than the long term average.

Production and Access Indicators

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicator

The County continues experiencing severe vegetation deficit from the ongoing dry spell. Generally, vegetation cover in the county is below normal.

Rainfall:

  • No major rains received in February. On average the county received negligible amounts at 0.57 mm.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Marginal pockets received one to two days showers with poor coverage in term of space.

  • Deterioration in rangeland conditions was observed across the livelihood zones. The overall vegetation cover decreased to 15.44 from 19.45 recorded in last month though it as measured by VCI indicating severe vegetation deficit band in both livelihoods.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Drought Phase: ALARM

Biophysical Indicators

  • The biophysical indicators show unusual fluctuations outside the expected seasonal range.

  • 11 mm of rainfall received within the month of February.

  • The vegetation condition index VCI-3month for the County is below normal ranges in East Pokot, Eldamaravin, Baringo south, Baringo North and Mogotio. This is attributed to ongoing drought.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

 Low rainfall amount was received in a few parts of the county during second and third week of the month. It was a poor start of the off-season rains.

  • Pasture and browse condition remained poor in most areas. The condition is below normal.

  • The state of water is highly inadequate in main water sources in most areas. The situation is below normal.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Minimal Rainfall was received in the County for the month of February

  • The vegetation condition Index VCI-3Month) was 3.7 in the month of February from -2.53 in January which was still below normal.

  • The VCI indicated a worsening vegetation condition with an extreme band deficit. The situation was worsening with the overall drought stage in the county being at Alarm in February.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • High temperatures and less cloud cover prevailed throughout the month of February 2017.

  • The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) was 29 indicating a moderate drought.

  • The water availability was below normal for the period and showed a declining trend.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production Indicators

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Off season rains received during the second dekad of February in the Rain-fed and Mixed Farming livelihood zones. Agro-pastoral livelihood zone remained largely dry

  • Vegetation conditions declined further this month across all livelihood zones with Vegetation condition Index recorded at 36.34

  • Pasture and browse conditions ranged from poor to fair in the Agropastoral livelihood zone to fair in all the others.

27 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The average vegetation condition index for the county decreased from16.83 to 16.2 and remains within the severe vegetation deficit category.

  • The current average is below the normal range of >35

  • The sub counties of Fafi and township are in moderate vegetation deficit category.

  • Dadaab sub county is in extreme vegetation condition category.