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24 Apr 2015 description

Highlights

  • As at 23 April 2015, Kakuma had received 45,697 asylum seekers from South Sudan. As at 20 April, 182,384 refugees had been registered by UNHCR and DRA, with South Sudanese making up 49.9% of the registered population.

22 Apr 2015 description
report Mercy Corps
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Research Brief

A new report by global humanitarian organization Mercy Corps examines the role of adolescent girls in Kenya’s pastoralist communities, finding that their contribution to household and community food security is critical and grows during times of crisis. With Kenya facing reoccurring drought and hunger, Mercy Corps advises the development community to evaluate the role adolescent girls play in strengthening their communities and adjust programming to meet the needs of this key demographic.

21 Apr 2015 description
report Voice of America

Lenny Ruvaga
April 20, 2015 10:27 AM

NAIROBI, KENYA— The World Health Organization estimates 3.4 billion people are at risk of malaria, with children under the age of five and pregnant women being the most vulnerable.

As World Malaria Day approaches (April 25), mortality rates are falling and a new test - well into the last stage of trials - is having positive results in Kenya.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Light showers were received in some parts of the County during the month of March

  • The 3-month Vegetation Condition index for the County was 9.85 indicating extreme drought .Four sub counties are already under extreme drought namely Mandera South, Banisa, North and West with 8.46, 9.5, 8.77 and 9.92 respectively while the remaining two sub counties are at severe drought.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Most bio-physical showed some fluctuations outside expected seasonal norms.

  • The vegetation condition index VCI-3month was 29.06 compared to the normal of 40-50.

  • The state of water sources was below normal at 4 compared to 5 normally.
    Production indicators

  • The milk production levels were above-average at 132 750-ml bottles compared to a long-term average of 80-85.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • In the month of March, Kilifi County recorded a 3-monthly VCI of 31.6 indicating the county condition was deteriorating from February 3-monthly VCI of 43.76. The county now is in moderate drought with five sub counties as shown above being in moderate drought from last month when all the sub counties were in normal condition .

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • No significant rainfall was received during the month of March.

  • The 3-monthly Vegetation Condition index for the County was 24.68 indicating moderate drought with Pokot central (Sigor) being the most affected with a VCI of 20.01.

  • Over 50% of the surface water sources had dried up and congestion had been witnessed around strategic boreholes.

  • All the biophysical indicators were outside the expected normal range.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Vegetation condition index (VCI)-3 month in the county for March 2015 was 27 from 37 recorded February 2015, this is within the normal ranges across the sub counties.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

  • In March 2015, the livestock migration pattern was minimal and within the normal grazing routes to dry spell areas.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The month of March registered onset of the long-rains season of which rainfall was recorded in various parts of the county in the third dekad for an average of four days.

  • The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) was 12.74 illustrating severe drought and on a worsening trend.

  • The water availability was below normal attributed to the long dry spell and declined volumes in available water sources.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The biophysical indicators show unusual fluctuations outside the expected seasonal ranges.

  • There was no rainfall received within the month of March.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The percentage of average rainfall is 19.8% below normal range of 80 – 120% an indication of a dry month.

  • The VCI is 24.01 which indicate vegetation is far below the normal range of 35 - 50.

  • The current water situation is within the normal range however the situation is improving with some of the water sources recharging.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

The county is at early alarm with high drought risk. The average rainfall recorded was 15.6 mm as measured by three rain gauges, the average amount recorded was below normal ranges. The forage conditions reduced from 32.48 to 16.8 as measured by vegetation condition index (VCI) for the overall county indicating severe drought. Surface and underground water sources have either dried up or are drying up quickly.

Socio economic indicators details

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification Biophysical Indicators

  • The biophysical indicators showed unusual fluctuations within the expected seasonal ranges, especially in the pastoral and agropastoral livelihoods.

  • The vegetation condition index (VCI-3month) was 29.70, which fell within the range moderate drought condition.

  • The state of water sources was below normal; less than 4 compared to 5 normally.

Socio-Economic (Impact) Indicators

Production indicators

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification Biophysical Indicators

  • 69 mm of rainfall was received during the month which is within normal ranges.

  • The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) was 10.2 which places the county at ‘severe drought’. North horr and Moyale sub counties are at ‘extreme drought

  • Water sources were the permanent sources. Few pans and dams recharged slightly around Mt Marsabit.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

In the month of March the County was in ALARM drought situation. The long rains had not started by the end of the month despite poor performance of previous short rains. The six months cumulative rainfall (Oct 2014 – Mar 2015) recorded 24.3 % deficit of the long term average.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The long rain season started in the fourth week of March 2015 in the entire Sub County

  • Most of the water pans/dams and natural ponds are filled up with substantial volume of water that was anticipated to last for three months. The state of the water sources was normal and recorded at 5which was within the normal range of 4-5

  • The vegetation condition index VCI-3month was 31.3 which was below the normal range of 35-50

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The vegetation condition index value reduced from 23.86 in February to 15.66 in March which is the county moved from moderate drought category to severe drought category. The sub counties of Dadaab, Dujis (township) and Balambala recorded the worst values of 5.5 and 6.84 and 8.07 respectively which is in the extreme drought condition category, Lagdera and fafi are in severe drought condition category.

20 Apr 2015 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The 3 months Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) show a negative drought trend, currently showing severe drought status in Mbeere north and Mbeere south sub-counties. The VCI values for Mbeere north is 17.23 and Mbeere south is 16.26.

  • The long rains onset has been experienced mainly in the mixed farming livelihood zone, between dates 22nd -30th, with an average of two three wet days. The temporal and spatial distribution was however poor.