Afghanistan is currently facing an escalating humanitarian crisis with the staggering influx of Afghan returnees from Pakistan. UNHCR and IOM estimate that by the 15 March 2017 deadline imposed by the Government of Pakistan for voluntary return and repatriation, the country will receive between 1 – 1.5 million returnees, combined with IDP movement in its the Eastern, Southern and Central regions. An estimated 60 per cent of the returning population are children. UNICEF is scaling up its humanitarian response with IOM, WFP and UNHCR.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
27 October 2016 – The United Nations envoy for education today called for an immediate investigation by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) into what he called a war crime in Syria – the latest attacks on a school compound in the western province of Idlib that left at least 20 pupils and teachers dead.
72-hour cessation of hostilities largely holds, but violence resumes as of October 22
Health actors confirm 31 cholera cases, including 3 deaths, according to WHO
Coalition airstrike on event hall kills more than 140 civilians, injures 500 others
Overall, there are about 3 million refugees in the United States. These refugees are parents to nearly 1 million young children ages 10 and under, the vast majority of them born in the United States. At various times throughout their journey, refugees often face violence, physical danger, uncertainty that their basic needs will be met, and the daunting task of resettling in a new country. Children in refugee families may share the premigration and migration experiences of their parents, or if born after the parents are resettled, may be indirectly affected by the parents’ experiences.
On October 4, 2016, Hurricane Matthew swept through Haiti, killing more than 800 people and leaving thousands displaced and living in temporary shelters. The category 4-strength storm, with winds gusting to 230 km/h, heavy rain and flooding, caused massive damage to infrastructure, homes and crops in many communities, increasing the risk of waterborne diseases. The country was still vulnerable to disasters, not having fully recovered from the 2010 earthquake and subsequent cholera epidemic.
Outline of Needs
Save the Children’s search and rescue ship, the Vos Hestia, is returning to Italy with more than 290 refugees and migrants on board, rescued in two separate operations off the North African coast on Wednesday 26th October. Sadly, the bodies of 20 men and women, who perished before rescuers could save them, were also recovered.
The tragic loss of life comes as new figures suggest more than 3,800 people have drowned crossing the Mediterranean so far in 2016 - making it the deadliest year on record.*
Statement from French and UK National Committees for UNICEF
PARIS/LONDON, 27 October, 2016 - “UNICEF is deeply troubled that last night, with the camp on fire, many children were forced to sleep out in exposed and cold conditions. And reports today from volunteers in Calais that some children have been escorted away by police for not having a wristband are shocking.
“The UK and French governments promised to keep children safe throughout the demolition. Yet right now, the situation for some children in Calais is more dangerous than ever.
Scores of Unaccompanied Children, Adults Stranded as Relocation Ended
Local authorities acted prematurely on October 26, 2016, in ending registration and relocation of children and adults from the Calais migrant camp, Human Rights Watch said today.
Share Tweet Share NEW YORK, 27 October 2016 – “Yesterday, when a school compound in Syria was repeatedly attacked, killing dozens of children and teachers, we thought we had seen the depths of depravity.
“Today’s reports of attacks on schools in Douma and western Aleppo should deepen our disgust and outrage.
“This brings the toll to five schools hit since October 11.
“Attacking schools … killing children … is simply inhuman.
The report on the Consolidated Livelihood Exercise for Analysing Resilience, published in August, identified areas least resilient to climate change. This will assist WFP and partners to implement adaptation activities, which will help communities to recognize, capitalize and build their own resilience.
Funding gaps are currently jeopardizing the implementation of all activities. Considering current level of funding, three regions out of seven will be prioritized for PRRO and two provinces out of four will be targeted for CP.
Government carried out an evaluation of the pilot-project for the introduction of locallyproduced yoghurt in the school canteens in Sahel. A workshop for the validation of evaluation findings was held in Dori (Sahel region) on 27 September.
In response to yesterday’s deadly attack on a school in Idlib and ongoing bombing of schools and hospitals in Syria, Nick Finney, Save the Children’s North-West Syria Country Director, said: “Save the Children is appalled by yesterday’s bombing of a school in Idlib, Syria, which reportedly killed 22 children. There is no excuse for bombing a school or other civilian infrastructure like hospitals, which should be known to the warring parties, and yet we see it happening time and again in Syria.
By Sasha Lezhnev
Executive Summary and Recommendations
The Democratic Republic of Congo is not a failed state—for everyone. It is a failure for the vast majority of Congolese who suffer from abysmal security, health care, and education services. However, it is an efficient state for ruling elites and their commercial partners who seek to extract or traffic resources at the expense of Congo’s development.
WFP supports a national survey on food consumption to provide government authorities with key information on the food security and nutrition situation in Cuba.
WFP provides assistance to strengthening drought-related early warning systems at provincial level and the inclusion of vulnerability indicators for food security and nutrition in drought risk assessments.
WFP has been closely monitoring the evolution of Hurricane Matthew, which is expected to hit eastern Cuba the first days of October.
Calais, France – While 3,000 adults are said to have left during the first two days of dismantling of the Calais ‘Jungle’, many questions about the fate of unaccompanied minors in the camp remain unanswered. On 25 October, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) observed that authorities’ process for separating unaccompanied minors from adults was being handled summarily and solely on the basis of a hasty assessment of physical appearance.
WFP is supporting the Government with the Liberia Zero Hunger Strategic Review to review critical gaps and assess priorities to reach Zero Hunger by 2030.
The refugee population continues to decline due to the repatriation exercises conducted by UNHCR. By the end of 2016 it is estimated around 12,000 refugees will remain.