15th November 2014
KALMA IPD camp south Darfur
NIAMEY (21 November 2014) – The Government of Niger has taken significant steps toward eradicating slavery and slavery-like practices but many challenges remain, United Nations Special Rapporteur Urmila Bhoola said today at the end of her first official visit to the country.
Fighting in the conflict zone of eastern Ukraine is reportedly at its worst since a ceasefire agreement was reached in early September. Ceasefire violations are reported daily and shelling has intensified in parts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions. Insecurity compounded by winter weather and reduced or limited social services are increasing the vulnerability and need of affected populations.
The humanitarian community continues to scale-up humanitarian assistance activities and presence in response to growing needs.
By Samuel Kaalu
Parents seeking treatment for their children’s malnutrition discover the added benefit of birth registration.
KANO, Nigeria, 21 November 2014 – The waiting hall is crowded at the Magami Basic Health Centre, in the Sumaila Local Government Area of Kano State, northern Nigeria. The clinic is filled with mothers seeking help for their children at the outpatient therapeutic programme (OTP) for severe acute malnutrition. Aisha Ahmadu, 30, mother of six, is there with her 9-month-old twins, Hassan and Hussain.
Over the past decade, the child-friendly schools (CFS) model has emerged as UNICEF’s signature means to advocate for and promote quality education for every girl and boy, particularly in fragile contexts. The main principles of CFS models are ‘child-centredness’, ‘democratic participation’, ‘inclusiveness’ and ‘protection’. The theme of ‘democratic participation’, which states that as rights holders, children and those who facilitate their rights should have a say in the form and substance of their education, has not been explored fully in the CFS model in conflict-affected contexts.
Crises can bring education to a halt, depriving children of their fundamental right to education and further contributing to an atmosphere of chaos in already traumatised communities. Education is integral in restoring a sense of normalcy and security in the midst of crisis, helping to build resilient schools and communities and bridge the humanitarian and development divide.
Following is UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s message for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, to be observed on 25 November:
Sexual and gender-based violence is the most extreme form of the global and systemic inequality experienced by women and girls. It knows no geographic, socioeconomic or cultural boundaries. Worldwide, one in three women will suffer physical or sexual violence at some point in her life, from rape and domestic violence to harassment at work and bullying on the internet.
The situation in Bangui remains precarious, as ex-Séléka elements have issued demands to the Government of CAR (CARG) and threatened to detonate explosives.
U.N. Senior Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) for CAR Claire Bourgeois visits northeast CAR and calls for increased humanitarian support to the area.
The ongoing harvest has improved food security levels in parts of CAR; however, an estimated 1 million people may require emergency food assistance by mid-2015.
11/21/2014 - 20:23 GMT
The United Nations on Friday adopted the first-ever resolution calling on governments to stop child marriages, despite misgivings from countries who had hoped to include sex education as key to preventing the practice.
About 15 million girls worldwide become child brides each year and globally, more than 700 million women were married before the age of 18.
Unless action is taken, some 1.2 billion girls will be married by 2050, says the Girls Not Brides coalition of non-governmental organizations.
Results from a major clinical trial released on 17 November provide further evidence that triple antiretroviral medicine combinations are more effective than single-medicine regimens in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Named PROMISE—Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere—the trial was conducted in India, Malawi, South Africa, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
11/21/2014 - 18:46 GMT
Guinea-Bissau will try six people for female circumcision, a judicial source told AFP Friday, in the west African nation's first prosecutions since the practice was outlawed three years ago.
The defendants, all of whom have appeared at preliminary court hearings since Thursday, are said to believe the practice is in keeping with their Islamic faith.
The source said the defendants, two people who carried out the circumcisions and four parents, were accused of mutilating seven young girls.
No further details were available.
As at 20th November 2014, Kakuma had received 44,282 asylum seekers from South Sudan. This brings the total camp population to 179,126. As at 16th November 177,070 refugees had been registered by UNHCR and DRA, with South Sudanese making up 49% of the registered population.
(Addis Ababa/Jeddah/N'Djamena, 21 November 2014): A high-level mission today wrapped up a week-long visit to Chad raising attention for the human suffering and calling for more engagement of the international community in the Central African Country.
World Toilet Day, which is celebrated every year on the 19 December, is an opportunity to inspire action and underscore the urgency needed to end open defecation, especially for women and girls who are particularly vulnerable. As the main provider of sanitation facilities in Gendrassa and Kaya refugee camps in Maban, Upper Nile State, ACTED celebrated World Toilet Day with a ‘learn from your neighbour’ theme. The day’s celebrations were held in the areas of the camps that had the cleanest and best maintained latrines.
Dramas, songs, dances and prizes
Following the December 2013 outbreak of violence, 1.8 million people have fled their homes . Many have crossed into neighboring countries (estimated 463,000 people have fled to neighboring countries of Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan individuals). 1.4 million individuals remain internally displaced and most are seeking shelter in remote rural areas across the country. Displacement patterns remain fluid, driven by violence, access to emergency assistance and floods. There are currently 102,265 internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in UN bases across South Sudan.
An immunisation campaign targeting more than 3.2 million children in all 10 states has been successfully completed in seven states. Efforts are underway to immunise children in the three conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.
Clashes in Malakal, raise concerns as gunshot wounds and other weapon-related injuries are the leading cause of mortality, accounting for 23% of deaths in the Protection of Civilian (PoC) site.
UNICEF Response highlights
• 86% of the estimated caseload of children with SAM had been admitted for therapeutic care - with a recovery rate of 82% (September 2014).
• 40,032 caregivers of SAM affected children in the Sahel have received hygiene kits and key messages.
• 33,622 children 6 months -15 years received their measles vaccination in returnee sites (91% of UNICEF Target).
• Preventative mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV services were integrated into maternal and child health services in all returnee sites.
Mali is still facing a complex humanitarian crisis. Despite continued progress in the political stabilization and in the restoration of the State authority and of administrative and public services in conflict-affected regions, the context remains marked by security incidents recorded in the North.
New project to reduce poverty and stimulate economic growth in post-crisis zones of the country
Rome, 21 November 2014 – The Government of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) signed an agreement today to finance a project that aims to improve food security in six regions in the west by increasing smallholder farmers’ access to services, technologies and markets while strengthening the resilience of their production systems to climate change.