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R2P Monitor - 15 September 2014 Issue 17

R2P Monitor:

» Provides background on populations at risk of mass atrocity crimes, with particular emphasis on key events and actors and their connection to the threat, or commission, of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.

» Offers analysis of the country’s past history in relation to mass atrocity crimes; the factors that have enabled their possible commission, or that prevent their resolution; and the receptivity of the situation to positive influences that would assist in preventing further crimes.

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A challenging space for civil society

Peace Direct

Local peacebuilder, Kisuke Ndiku, looks at the challenges facing South Sudan as it searches for sustainable peace, and the role civil society is playing.

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Uganda + 1 other
A lonely journey to Uganda for unaccompanied children

Hot air beats down on massed people, many selling gadgets and vegetables.

This is the main entry point for refugees fleeing the violence in South Sudan.

Thousands of unaccompanied and separated children have been registered here. Among them is Diana*.

Diana’s story

Diana is 15 years old. She is visibly shy and struggles to maintain eye contact as she sits with her two younger brothers and tells us about her arrival in Uganda.

Her story is heartbreaking.

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Ethiopia + 3 others
Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 15 September 2014


  • On 9 September, the Federal Flood Task Force revised the Flood Alert which was first issued on 18 August to urge Government and humanitarian actors to implement flood prevention and preparedness measures in at-risk communities.

  • Despite on-going reports of a deteriorating food security in Somalia, there was no major change in the Somali refugee arrival trend in eastern Ethiopia so far.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit

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Quick facts: What you need to know about the South Sudan crisis

Mercy Corps

South Sudan should be a country full of hope just three years after gaining independence. Instead, it’s now in the grip of a massive humanitarian crisis. Nearly 4 million people are at risk of starvation and some areas are facing possible famine.

But the alarming food crisis in South Sudan isn’t the result of drought — it’s man-made. Political conflict has caused massive displacement, raging violence and dire food shortages.

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South Sudan + 1 other
Interview with Justine Fleischner: A View from War-Ravaged South Sudan

Enough Project

South Sudan’s civil war began in December 2013 as a political power struggle, but quickly led to ethnic-targeted killings and revenge attacks. Thousands have been killed, although no one knows the exact number, and the country now faces what could become the most deadly famine in Africa since the 1990s. The Enough Project’s Justine Fleischner recently returned from a month-long trip to South Sudan and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where the regionally mediated peace process is underway. As part of Enough’s new interview series, Fleischner spoke with Greg Hittelman about what she saw.

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South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 53 (as of 11 September 2014)


● The Humanitarian Country Team visited Lankien, Jonglei State where there was a spike in kala-azar cases.

● Security concerns in Bentiu, Unity State resulted in the suspension of fixed-wing flights to Rubkona and surrounding counties. Living conditions within the PoC site remained dire.

● Since 26 August, 10 cases of rape were reported at Bentiu PoC site. All incidents occurred when women left the site to gather wood or go to the market.

● Cholera continued to decline, with only 28 new cases in the previous week.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit

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South Sudan + 1 other
Preparing child refugees for an uncertain future in South Sudan

The conflict in Sudan has devastated the lives of millions, having a particularly grave impact on children. Our partners at the Lutheran World Federation describe how using the EU Children of Peace programme funds, they provide access to education to refugees in neighbouring South Sudan - not only academic but also about survival in a conflict zone.

It has been almost three years since 17 year-old Walid Awad Majir and his two brothers settled in neighbouring South Sudan, fleeing conflict at home in South Kordofan, Sudan.

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IOM South Sudan Humanitarian Update 36 (4 -10 September 2014)


  • Biometric registration is ongoing in the Bor PoC

  • CCCM State Focal Point Training in Juba

  • Rapid Response team deploys multi sector assessment teams in Pajok and Makog

International Organization for Migration:

Copyright © IOM. All rights reserved.

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The challenges for child survival when disease strikes

Conflict, hunger, cholera, and now an outbreak of kala azar – it seems that South Sudan has had an extraordinary number of public health emergencies this year. Its fragile health system has been struggling to cope with one calamity after another.

What is kala azar?

Properly known as visceral leishmaniasis, kala azar or black fever is the world’s second-biggest parasitic killer, and there are no effective measures for prevention (apart from trying to avoid sandfly bites) and little in the way of reliable treatment.

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Taskforce formed to prevent rape and abuse in Western Equatoria

10 September 2014 - With high incidences of rape and sexual abuse in Western Equatoria, the state government and partners formed a taskforce today in the capital Yambio to launch a campaign on preventing such practices.

The campaign by the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare in coordination with UNMISS, UN agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuses will target the community and government officials.

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UNMISS Update, 11 September 2014

UNMISS “Protection of Civilians” (PoC) Sites

  • As of 9 September, the estimated number of civilians seeking safety in ten Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites located on UNMISS bases is 99,553 including 29,306 in Juba (Tomping and UN House), 17,119 in Malakal, 4,123 in Bor, 47,214 in Bentiu, 578 in Wau, 1,174 in Melut, 28 in Nasser, and 11 in Rumbek.
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Sudan + 1 other
Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Situation Overview (May - July 2014)

Key Outcomes for the Worst affected Area

Blue Nile: GAM average is 41%. CMR is 3/10000/p/d. No access to localities bordering the South of Sudan (stress). Some of the population changes to gold mining to maintain their livelihood affected by conflict.

South Kordofan: GAM is 4.3%in some localitiesCMR0.37 / 10,000 /p/d. Consumption is affected by reduction in production and the high food prices, Market supply stock covers HH needs with stress. Deterioration of livelihood assets due to insecurity situation.

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South Sudan + 4 others
UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report #39, 3 - 9 September 2014


  • The total number of reported new admissions to the therapeutic feeding programme for the management of SAM stands at 54,573 children aged 0-59 months from January 2014 to date.

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World + 20 others
Gains made protecting children in situations of armed conflict overshadowed by new global crises, Special Representative tells Security Council

Security Council
7259th Meeting* (AM)

Acknowledgement of Abuses Not Enough Survivor Says, Calling for Perpetrators to Be Held Accountable

In an all-day debate in the Security Council, over 60 speakers urged accelerated action to prevent and ensure accountability for the killing, recruiting and other abuse of children in situations of armed conflict that continued despite greater awareness of the scourge.

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ARC Deploys International Team to Combat Cholera Epidemic as South Sudan Braces for Famine

Minneapolis-based American Refugee Committee assembles international experts to fight worst disease outbreak since December start of violence

Contact: Chris Berger 800-875-7060

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Women fearful in South Sudan camps


By Andrew Green

MALAKAL, 9 September 2014 (IRIN) - Julie Francis's self-imposed curfew starts when the sun sets. The widowed mother of four has been living at the UN base outside Malakal since December, one of more than 17,000 people who have fled there to escape episodic fighting in South Sudan's Upper Nile State capital. But the overcrowded camp is not without its own dangers, especially for women and girls.


A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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World + 48 others
Global emergency overview Snapshot 3–9 September


Libya: Concern is growing for the increasing number of people affected by crisis since mid-July, as violence persists, rival governments are failing to assure basic services, and most humanitarian organisations have withdrawn.

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Four children have died and 46 people are receiving treatment for Kalazar in Akoka county, Upper Nile state

Miraya FM

Akoka County Commissioner Daniel Your says the county is facing a shortage of drugs to treat the disease.

Daniel Your Kalazar: "Currently we have a problem of Kalazar disease. Three weeks ago, the epidemic outbreaks and a number of patients were admitted to the hospital. We have drugs but they are inadequate. At the beginning the number of affected people was 35 and yesterday it reached up to 46. The disease is increasing day after day. Four children died and the affected cases among children aged less than seven months as a result of not being able to eat.”