As at 20th November 2014, Kakuma had received 44,282 asylum seekers from South Sudan. This brings the total camp population to 179,126. As at 16th November 177,070 refugees had been registered by UNHCR and DRA, with South Sudanese making up 49% of the registered population.
World Toilet Day, which is celebrated every year on the 19 December, is an opportunity to inspire action and underscore the urgency needed to end open defecation, especially for women and girls who are particularly vulnerable. As the main provider of sanitation facilities in Gendrassa and Kaya refugee camps in Maban, Upper Nile State, ACTED celebrated World Toilet Day with a ‘learn from your neighbour’ theme. The day’s celebrations were held in the areas of the camps that had the cleanest and best maintained latrines.
Dramas, songs, dances and prizes
Following the December 2013 outbreak of violence, 1.8 million people have fled their homes . Many have crossed into neighboring countries (estimated 463,000 people have fled to neighboring countries of Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Sudan individuals). 1.4 million individuals remain internally displaced and most are seeking shelter in remote rural areas across the country. Displacement patterns remain fluid, driven by violence, access to emergency assistance and floods. There are currently 102,265 internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in UN bases across South Sudan.
An immunisation campaign targeting more than 3.2 million children in all 10 states has been successfully completed in seven states. Efforts are underway to immunise children in the three conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile.
Clashes in Malakal, raise concerns as gunshot wounds and other weapon-related injuries are the leading cause of mortality, accounting for 23% of deaths in the Protection of Civilian (PoC) site.
Child protection is about keeping children safe from violence, exploitation and abuse. It is an issue in all countries, including here in Canada. Here we have strict laws, social services and specialist charities that are all in place to prevent and respond to child protection violations. Widespread child protection crises are thankfully relatively rare here.
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 193,922 individuals, comprising 191,359 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,563 who entered through the Assosa region.
On 13 November, the Director-General of WHO accepted the recommendation of an International Health Regulations (IHR) Emergency Committee of Experts on polio that the international spread of polio continues to constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) under the IHR, and extended the existing Temporary Recommendations to prevent the international spread of polio for countries affected by the disease for another 3 months.
Marking Universal Children's Day, 20 November, the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Victim Assistance Team releases a fact sheet on ‘The Impact of Mines/ERW on Children’.
The factsheet, The Impact of Mines/ERW on Children, produced annually since 2009, provides an update on casualty data and assistance to child survivors in 2013.
The deteriorating situation in Malakal Protection of Civilian (PoC) site is of great concern with the provision of humanitarian assistance significantly disrupted. Over the past weeks, insecurity has increased, with humanitarian staff threatened and assaulted when delivering services in the PoC, greatly affecting the provision of WASH, education and child protection services in the site.
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
Answering the humanitarian needs of hundreds of thousands displaced families is a life and death issue. Watch Steven Fricaud, Head of Tdh Humanitarian Crisis Sector, discuss the situation in South Sudan. At the end of 2013, violent clashes between Government and opposition forces broke out in Juba, the capital of South Sudan.
A campaign against Sexual Exploitation and Abuse has been launched in Rumbek, Lakes State.
The campaign is aimed at creating awareness among communities about the dangers of sexual violence.
The campaign was launched by the State Ministry of Social Development with support from the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).
Speaking at the launch at the Rumbek Freedom Square, Deputy Governor Santo Dominic Chol reminded the communities that sexual exploitation is not acceptable in any culture.
The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance has risen by half a million to 6.6 million people in the period between November 2013 and October 2014. These 6.6 million people in need consist of 3.1 million IDPs, 0.7 million refugees, and asylum seekers, 1.2 million malnourished children aged under five and 1.6 million people who are food insecure. Needs are greatest in the Darfur region, Southern Sudan (South Kordofan, West Kordofan and Blue Nile States) and Eastern Sudan.
A mother receives help for her malnourished child from a joint UNICEF-WFP Rapid Response Mission, the sole source of food and medical assistance for thousands of South Sudanese affected by continued conflict and food crisis.
BENTIU, South Sudan, 12 November 2014 – In one hand, Nyakuoy cradles her 12-month-old baby boy, Nyepuote, close to her body, and in the other she holds a sachet of ready-to-use therapeutic food. Despite a hesitant start, her son is slowly getting used to the peanut-based paste that could save his life.
On 9 November, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) facilitated the recommitment to the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23 January.
Escalating inter-communal tensions between the youth in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, Upper Nile State, continued to disrupt humanitarian operations.