Letter of transmittal
Letter dated 25 May 2017 from the Chair of the Advisory Commission of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East addressed to the Commissioner-General of the Agency
SITUATION IN INDIA
The floods situation in Gujarat, Odisha, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram are back to normal whereas floods situation in Assam has gradually improved, the numbers of affected districts has drop to nine on 23rd July, 2017.
Meanwhile, two people died as incessant rainfall caused flood-like situation in Birbhum, West Mindapore and East Midnapore districts of West Bengal on Sunday.
8.5 MILLION PEOPLE IN NEED OF LIFE-SAVING ASSISTANCE IN 2017
6.9 MILLION PEOPLE TARGETED FOR LIFE-SAVING ASSISTANCE IN 2017
2,162 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan
8,768 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran
75,952 total returns from Pakistan since 01 January 2017
187,275 total returns from Iran since 01 January 2017
93% of returnees from Pakistan (2,009 individuals) assisted
6% of returnees from Iran (524 individuals) assisted
During June, 11,228 cases of AWD/cholera were reported from 45 districts in 15 regions, a decrease from 13,656 cases reported in May. Across these same geographical areas, deaths have decreased from 77 in May to 68 deaths in June. Cumulative cases of cholera since January 2017 in these 45 districts are now recorded as 56,628.
Treviso, Italy, July 10-11, 2017-The European Union and the UNESCO organized a high level meeting on “Building a Roadmap for Effective Groundwater Management in Iraq”, in the context of the EU-funded project entitled “Advanced hydrogeological survey of groundwater resources in Iraq phase 2 (ASHRI-2)”. The meeting aimed at setting out a path towards developing the future national capacity strategy of the water sector in Iraq.
- The biophysical indicators show unusual fluctuations outside the expected seasonal ranges.
- 50.0 mm of rainfall was received in the month of June.
- The June VCI values for Baringo County, Mogotio and East Pokot subcounty were 35, 31 and 34 respectively. Tiaty, Baringo North and Mogotio are currently below normal ranges indicating moderate drought.
- The Water level in water pans is below normal at 2 (10%-30%).
- Rainfall: The amount of rainfall received for both sub counties reduced significantly during the month of June to 44% of normal.
- Vegetation condition: The vegetation condition improved further to normal vegetation greenness for Mbeere South and above normal vegetation greenness for Mbeere North.
- Normally, the June is a dry month for the County.
- The vegetation condition was moderate across all the sub-counties.
- Water was inadequate for both livestock and for people due to poor recharge of water sources during the rainy season.
Biophysical Indicators (Environmental indicators)
- Generally the month of June recorded significant drop in the amount of rainfall recorded.
- State of water sources in the county during the month under review was 4 (declining)-below normal at this time of the year.
- On average pasture and browse condition recorded some improvement.
- On average, the county 3-month VCI for June was 25.11, indicating moderate vegetation deficit with Kilifi South recording normal vegetation deficit.
- Below-normal rainfall was received in both livelihood zones.
- The Vegetation Condition Index was below normal at 30.34.
- The state of water sources was normal for this time of the year.
- Livestock body condition was normal at this time of the year.
- Milk production was below normal.
- No livestock migration was reported during the month.
- Rainfall: For the month of June, the County has experienced rainfall ranging from light showers to heavy downpour. The rain was distributed fairly in terms of time and poorly in terms of space. The received rainfall was approximately 70% of the expected amount for the month, which is below the normal range.
- Below normal rainfall was experienced in the month of June.
- The vegetation condition Index VCI-3Month) was 25.31 in the month of June from 12.06 in May which is near normal.
- The VCI indicated improving vegetation condition with a moderate band deficit. The situation is improving the overall drought stage in the county was at Alert in June.
- Generally the month was characterized by hot sunny days.
- The County experienced normal vegetation greenness (VCI of 50.53) apart from some pockets where there was moderate drought.
- The quantity and quality of pasture ranged from fair to good in the Mixed farming zone while in the Marginal mixed farming zone it was fair.
- The state of water sources in rivers, pans and dams was fair to good mostly in both Mixed farming (Coffee/Dairy) and Mixed farming (Livestock/Food Crop) while in the Marginal mixed farming zone it was fair.
- Rainfall: Generally the County didn’t receive rainfall in the month under review. However, there were traced amounts in Marsabit Mountain and Moyale Township.
- Vegetation condition: Vegetation condition index slightly improved from 14.73 in May to 19.05 in June but still stands within the severe vegetation deficit band. Pasture and browse is fair-good in Agropastoral zone while poor in Pastoral livelihood zone.
- The month was generally dry across all livelihood zones.
- Vegetation conditions remained poor with a vegetation condition index recorded at 38.33.
- Pasture and browse conditions were largely poor in the Agro-pastoral livelihood zone and fair to good in all the other livelihood zones similar to last month.
- Rainfall: The cessation of long rains was experienced in the third dekad of May.
- Vegetation condition: The 3 month vegetation condition index (VCI) for the County is 28.67 depicting a moderate vegetation deficit.
- Rainfall received was below normal and was poorly distributed both in space and time. The cumulative amount was 2.9 mm and 2.8 mm and in the 1st and 2nd dekads respectively.
- The vegetation cover further improved within the county with overall vegetation cover increasing from 15.71 to 24.3 as measured by vegetation condition index.
- Surface and underground water sources across the livelihood zones remained partially recharged; however, trekking distance for both households and livestock increased.
- The highlands of the county received light showers in the month under review.
- The long rains season was depressed, erratic and characterized by poor distribution in terms of time and space.
- The rains supported pulses production, water recharge and pasture regeneration.
- Vegetation condition index stood at 31.08 i.e. moderate vegetation deficit showing improvement from severe in May.
- The month of June was characterized by poor rainfall performance coupled with intervals of sunny and dry weather conditions.
- The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) was 46.6 indicating a normal vegetation condition.
- The water recharge levels and availability were below normal.