En juin 2016, la République Démocratique du Congo comptait 1,7 million de personnes déplacées. 12 mois plus tard, la RDC est le pays africain le plus affecté par les déplacements internes avec 3,8* millions de personnes. Cette forte augmentation- équivalent à deux fois la population de Bruxelles- est née de violences dans le Kasaï qui ont poussé plus de 1million de personnes à quitter leurs habitations, ainsi que dans le Tanganyika et le Nord-Kivu. Les femmes constituent 52% des personnes déplacées ; les familles d’accueil (87%) constituent le principal type d’hébergement.
In June 2016, 1.7 million people were internally displaced in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). 12 months later, with 3.8* million people, DRC is the African country most affected by internal displacement. This stark increase -twice the population of Brussels- stems from violence in the Kasai region -that forced over 1 million people into displacement- as well as in Tanganyika and North Kivu. Women make up 52% of internally displaced people; host families (87%) represent the main type of housing. 16 of the 26 provinces in DRC host internally displaced people
At 4:03 PM on 6 July 2017, a magnitude-6.5 earthquake with 2-km depth of focus struck central Leyte between Jaro and Ormoc City (124.69°E, 11.11°N). Intensity VII on the Philippines' ten-point scale was felt and recorded in Ormoc City and Kananga, Leyte, while intensity VI was recorded in Jaro and Capoocan, and intensity V in Palo and Tacloban City. So far, nearly 1,000 aftershocks have been occurred, including several over 4.0 in magnitude and a 5.8-magnitude quake on 10 July. Three deaths and 448 injuries have been reported.
Repatriation of registered Afghan refugees to Afghanistan increased by 36% compared to last week’s figure of 1,981. The return of undocumented Afghans also increased by 5% compared to 2,075 individuals that returned between 2 and 8 July 2017.
Some 97% (2,122 individuals) of the undocumented returnees were provided with needs-based assistance while 98% (2,630 individuals) of the registered Afghan refugee returnees were provided with cash assistance.
ÉLECTIONS DANS LE CALME MAIS SANS LES ZONES DE TENSION
Les élections législatives et municipales se sont déroulées pacifiquement le 16 juillet, mais une faible participation électorale a été enregistrée. En outre, les élections n’ont pas pu se tenir dans les six districts de la région du Pool où les habitants sont de plus en plus affectés par les violences qui déchirent la région. Un plan de réponse de 23,7 millions de dollars américains pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires croissants sera lancé le 18 juillet.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
EMERGENCY RELIEF COORDINATOR URGES FOR CONTINUED SUPPORT
United Nations Under-Secretary for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) Stephen O’Brien arrived in CAR on 16 July for a three-day visit. On 17 July he traveled to Bangassou; a town that is emblematic of the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the country. The visit provided an opportunity for the ERC to discuss the magnitude of the crisis and make an urgent appeal to the international community not to neglect the CAR crisis.
In 2016, 7 million of affected people were reached by the WASH sector among more than 10 million in needs in West and Central Africa (24 countries):
o In DRC, 2.5 million persons in cholera-prone zones benefiting from preventive as well as WASH cholera-response packages;
o In CAR, 0.9 million of affected people were provided with access to improved sources of water and 0.3 million with sanitations facilities.
o In the Sahel region (9 countries):
$82M funds allocated between 2010 and 2017
93% funds allocated to NGOs
97% funds contributed significantly to gender eqality
45% contributed to Emergency Shelter/NFIs (23%) and WASH (22%) Clusters
375 project implemented