By Alastair Leithead
Ethiopia is the world's fastest growing economy. So when drought struck why did it need international help?
Read the full report on BBC
Population distribution (2007) and main cities (2015)
Land cover and Elevation
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, the Pacific Islands, South East Asia and Central America will continue to be at risk of extreme weather, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout in certain areas includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; and forced displacement.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Baltimore, MD (IOCC) — International Orthodox Christian Charities (IOCC) is responding to the urgent needs of families in Ethiopia suffering through the most severe drought in 30 years. More than 10 million people face severe hunger and loss of livestock across the dry and barren plains of western Ethiopia.
SHIRE, Ethiopia, Feb 2 (UNHCR) – Improving conditions for refugees in camps and expanding programmes for legal pathways outside Ethiopia were both key to reducing the numbers who attempt perilous journeys to reach safety, Filippo Grandi, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, said as he met Eritreans who fled to Ethiopia.
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
The effects of a super El Niño are set to put the world’s humanitarian system under an unprecedented level of strain in 2016 as it already struggles to cope with the fallout from conflicts in Syria, South Sudan, Yemen and elsewhere. In Ethiopia the government estimates that 10.2 million people, on top of the 8 million that will receive support through the governments' safety net programme, will need humanitarian assistance this year at a cost of $1.4 billion, due to a drought that's been exacerbated by El Niño.
The World Bank-supported Productive Safety Nets Program has helped to put in place systems which continue to serve as the backbone of the government’s disaster prevention and relief efforts
The program reduces the number of people needing humanitarian assistance by eight million by providing cash transfers to 318 food-insecure districts
The program has also helped to build roads, watersheds and 4,300 school rooms, helping to address root causes of vulnerability and poverty
Ethiopia is in the grip of its worst drought in recent history. More than ten million people are in need of assistance according to the Government and humanitarian agencies. On Sunday 31 January, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director Ertharin Cousin and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon visited Ethiopia to see first-hand the consequences of the drought in one of the worst affected areas.
- Gambella region in Ethiopia is hosting more than 260 000 South Sudanese refugees. The region is also regularly affected by internal displacement.
- The situation in Gambella town is tense at the moment after several security incidents linked to inter-ethnic clashes involving Nuer and Anuak ethnic groups. The conflict erupted on 20 January, initially in Gambella town and Itang woreda. However, tensions and clashes expanded to other areas. The situation is unpredictable and clashes may continue for weeks to come.
By Christine Murugami,
Regional Communications Advisor
World Vision East Africa
Driving through Boset in Ethiopia, the sight of donkeys, too many of them, carrying jerricans full of water, dot the landscape. The search for water is a full-time job, and one that isn’t always fruitful.
Failed rains mean that water points were not replenished and people have to travel long distances in search of water for drinking, household use and their animals. World Vision has trucked water over 100 kilometers to help save lives and reduce animal deaths.
Without waste management, latrines, access to safe water and promotion of good hygiene, a crowded refugee camp will result in the rapid spread of disease.
USAID announces an additional $97 million in emergency food assistance to support drought-affected populations.
Administrator Smith discusses drought response in Addis Ababa and visits USAID projects in Tigray
This paper explores how the overlap of a double marginalized identity produces particular disadvantages for pastoralist women in Ethiopia, and how an Oxfam intervention in the Somali region is addressing the connection between these disadvantages and poverty and power.
Ogolcho, Ethiopia, 31 January 2016
I’m very moved to be in this Oromia region with the Deputy Prime Minister. I am here with the Executive Director of the World Food Programme. Thank you very much for your warm welcome.
The Government and its partners agreed on the need to take action immediately to fill gaps and on the need for a holistic and collaborative approach to effectively address the emergency.
The Government alone contributed $381 million to the drought response, including $272 million in 2015 and 109 million so far in 2016.
OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) will soon release a multisector call for proposals.
The current food security crisis in Ethiopia appear to be the result of a combination of factors that includes the pre-El Niño failure of the spring rains and the El Niño induced late onset, erratic and early cessation of the main summer rains. With the exception of some unseasonal rains, the northern half of Ethiopia faces a period of between five (eastern highlands agriculture zone) to eight months (western highlands agriculture zone) without rain.