PUBLISHED: MAY 24, 2017
CIGI EXPERT: JACQUELINE LOPOUR
As a civil war in Yemen persists, a cholera outbreak in the country is spreading at an unprecedented rate, according to the United Nations, which says that there were more than 35,500 suspected cases of the disease reported in the past three weeks, and 361 deaths. Amid urgent appeals for international assistance, CIGI Research Associate Jacqueline Lopour talks about the underlying connections between conflict, cholera and water security.
CIGI: Can you tell us about the water crisis in the Yemen?
The United Nations Special Envoy to Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, concluded today a three-day visit to Sana’a where he met with political leaders from Ansar’Allah and the General People’s Congress and Representatives of other political parties. The talks focused on possible agreements which would to prevent the spread of military activities to Hudeidah and practical ways to ensure the resumption of salaries to all Yemeni civil servants nation-wide.
A cholera outbreak has reignited in Yemen, spreading with unprecedented speed across 18 out of 23 governorates and causing a total of 23 425 suspected cases and 242 deaths between 27 April 2017 and 18 May 2017.
This is the second wave of an outbreak which first emerged in September 2016 and had previously shown signs of slowing. The cumulative total number of cases reported across both waves of the outbreak has reached 49 096 with 361 related deaths.
In light of an intensifying cholera outbreak, Commissioner Stylianides expresses EU support for the people of Yemen.
"As Yemen is facing a fast spreading cholera outbreak of unprecedented scale the EU is increasing its response with further funding to help those in need.
Sana’a, 24 May 2017
Cholera continues to spread at an unprecedented rate throughout Yemen affecting men, women, and children who have for more than two years withstood the consequences of a conflict that is collapsing institutions and social safety nets. With urgency I appeal to United Nations Members States for financial and political support to help avert what is sure to be an additional and devastating blow to Yemen.
Violence disrupting children’s access to health services, safe water and sanitation
AMMAN, 24 May 2017 – Violence and conflict in the Middle East and North Africa have put in jeopardy the health of 24 million children in Yemen, Syria, the Gaza Strip, Iraq, Libya and Sudan. Damage to health infrastructure is depriving children of essential health care. Water and sanitation services have been compromised, causing waterborne diseases to spread while preventative health care and nutritious food are insufficient to meet children’s needs.
'The cholera outbreak in Yemen comes on top of an armed conflict and famine that are affecting a large proportion of the population. Norway is therefore increasing its humanitarian support to Yemen by NOK 10 million, and will continue to follow the situation closely,' said Minister of Foreign Affairs Børge Brende.
March, 2017 ― Doha: Qatar Red Crescent's (QRCS) mission in Yemen has commenced the operation of the Al-Thawrah Health Complex in Al-Thawrah District, Amanat Al-Asemah, in cooperation with Yemen's Ministry of Public Health & Population (MOPHP).
The six-month project will cost $126,200 (nearly QR 460,000), funded by Qatar Fund for Development (QFFD).
With this support, the complex would continue to serve the internally displaced people (IDPs) from various governorates to Sanaa.
The project involves:
This map illustrates density of building damage in the city of Aden, Aden Governorate, Yemen, based on the remote damage analysis conducted by UNITARUNOSAT using satellite imagery acquired 21 August 2015, 10 May 2015, and 31 December 2014.
The UN Migration Agency (IOM) transported 84 stranded migrants from Al Hudaydah Port in Yemen to Djibouti on 21 May. Following a hiatus due to rough seas and security challenges, this was the first voluntary humanitarian return organized out of Yemen in two months.
Food imports continue, but potential for port disruptions in Al Hudaydah remain a concern
Conflict in Yemen continues to be the primary driver of the largest food security emergency in the world. Currently, large populations face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, the latter of which is associated with an increased risk of excess mortality. IDP populations and poor households in conflict zones are likely facing the most severe food security outcomes.
143,000 people are facing Famine in Nigeria and South Sudan
9.9 million people facing Emergency food security outcome levels (IPC 4) in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen
Yemen and Somalia could face Famine (IPC 5), if no assistance is provided between May and August
Why are these countries affected by famine?