MSF emergency teams launching activities
24 May 2015
A cholera outbreak has struck overcrowded camps where thousands of Burundian refugees are gathering in Tanzania. According to the World Health Organization, 15 confirmed cholera cases and more than 1,000 acute diarrhoea cases have been reported among the refugees. In collaboration with local authorities, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is opening rehydration points and cholera treatment centres in Kagunga and Kigoma camps.
Refugees from Burundi have been arriving at the Northwest borders of Tanzania since the beginning of May as they flee violence and political turmoil in Burundi. As of 19 May, UNHCR reported an estimated 63,653 Burundi refugees have reached Tanzania and its borders seeking shelter and safety. Of concern is the 35,000 refugees living in rough conditions in the lakeside village of Kagunga awaiting to be transported to the established camp.
Priorities for 2011-2015:
Emergency Humanitarian Action—for refugees and people who are unable to meet their basic food and nutrition needs due to disasters.
Food Security and Nutrition Support—for chronically hungry people living in extreme poverty and vulnerable to shocks.
Community Investments in Food Security Support—for people who are able to meet their basic food/nutrition needs but require further support to ensure their food security situation is sustainable.
KIGOMA, 21 mai 2015 (IRIN) - Si vous demandez à un réfugié burundais récemment arrivé en Tanzanie quand il pense rentrer chez lui, il est fort probable qu’il réponde « je n’en ai pas l’intention ». Et maintenant, une épidémie de choléra à la frontière rend le voyage encore plus dangereux.
GENEVA, May 22 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee on Friday reported that a cholera epidemic this week in Tanzania's lakeside Kagunga area has killed two local people and 29 Burundian refugees, adding to the serious challenges created by the forced population displacement from Burundi.
UNHCR spokesman Arian Edwards, speaking to journalists in Geneva, said the epidemic had "become a new, worrying, and growing additional complication" at a time when thousands of Burundians had fled to neighbouring countries to escape violence linked to the coming presidential election.
Political tensions in Burundi escalated after the President announced his intention to run for a third term in April. Violent protests in the capital have killed 20 and injured 200.
On 13 May, leaders of the army attempted a coup, which failed after two days of violent clashes. The situation remains tense and people are fleeing the country.
More than 112,000 Burundians have sought asylum in neighbouring countries since the beginning of April, including almost 70,000 in Tanzania as of COB on 19 May.
Following the pre-election tension in Burundi, Burundian nationals began fleeing to Tanzania, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. To date, the UNHCR has put the number of refugees who have sought asylum in neighbouring countries at over 112,000, of which those fleeing to Tanzania number over 70,000.
BUJUMBURA, Burundi/NAIROBI, Kenya/DAR-ES-SALAAM, Tanzania, 21 May 2015 – UNICEF has rushed relief supplies to Tanzania’s north-western border with Burundi, in response to a devastating cholera outbreak which has so far claimed 27 lives among the 50,000 Burundian refugees gathered on the shores of Lake Tanganyika.
21 mai 2015 – Le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF) a lancé une opération d'assistance pour répondre à l'épidémie de choléra à laquelle sont confrontés les 50.000 réfugiés burundais qui campent dans un endroit reculé de la Tanzanie, sur les rives du lac Tanganyika.
KIGOMA, TANZANIA, 21 May 2015 (IRIN) - If you ask a Burundian refugee who has recently arrived in Tanzania when they plan to return home, there’s a good chance that the answer will be, “I don’t.” Now a cholera outbreak on the border has made the journey all the more dangerous.
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania | AFP | Thursday 5/21/2015 - 12:37 GMT
At least 27 Burundian refugees fleeing weeks of political violence have died of cholera in Tanzania, the United Nations said Thursday, warning more could die without urgent action.
Over 110,000 Burundians have become refugees since unrest erupted in their country in April, according to the UN refugee agency.
More than 70,000 have gone to Tanzania, over 26,000 to Rwanda, and over 9,000 to Democratic Republic of Congo.
This Emergency Appeal seeks a total of CHF 1,026,583 on a preliminary basis to enable the IFRC to support the Tanzanian Red Cross Society (TRCS) to deliver assistance and support to a total of 20,000 people with a focus on the sectors of emergency health, water, sanitation, hygiene promotion, emergency shelter, and relief. The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this point of the evolving operation, and will be adjusted based on further developments and more detailed assessments.
Kigoma, 20 May 2015 - Overcrowding, lack of clean water and sanitation facilities among Burundian refugees in Tanzania means risk of disease outbreak is alarmingly high, particularly among the estimated 40,000 refugees at the border town Kagunga.
Already 20 cases of cholera have been confirmed in Kagunga and Nyarugusu refugee camp, where new arrivals are being transported. The UN reports that 1057 cases of acute watery diarrhoea have been recorded at Kagunga, where refugees wait for boat transportation to the camp, Lake Tanganyika Stadium and Nyarugusu camp.
Last updated on: May 19, 2015 11:17 AM
Well over 100,000 people have fled Burundi in recent weeks to escape political violence, crossing into Tanzania, Rwanda and DRC.
In Tanzania, the first stop for the refugees is the northern village of Kakunga, which is on the shores of Lake Tanganyika. It’s now very crowded as people wait for boats to take them to their next destination in Tanzania.
Following a rise in the number of persons treated for severe watery diarrhoea over the past couple of days, 77 Burundians in Nyarugusu Camp were tested for Cholera. Results from a reference laboratory have confirmed Cholera in 13 of the cases. The UNHCR Representative disclosed this to BBC and CNN, after consultation with the Deputy Minister of Health. An existing compound within Nyarugusu is now being used as a Cholera treatment centre, to ensure isolation of the affected.
Brazzaville/ Dar es Salaam, 19 May 2015 – A severe humanitarian crisis is developing in Tanzania as thousands of refugees from Burundi seek asylum due to escalating political tensions. The situation is especially worrisome in Kagunga village in Tanzania where the original population of 11 382 has increased to over 90 000 since the crisis began in April 2015.
18 mai 2015 – Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) a indiqué lundi avoir pris des mesures d'urgence, en collaboration avec les autorités de Tanzanie, pour contenir la propagation d'une épidémie de diarrhée aqueuse sévère chez les réfugiés burundais arrivés dans ce pays, alors que sept personnes sont mortes depuis mercredi.
Deux cas ont été diagnostiqués comme étant le choléra, mais le HCR a dit attendre la confirmation officielle d'un laboratoire de référence.