National rice harvest is estimated to be near 80 percent of normal
Imagine living in a world where it’s too expensive to eat. I don’t mean a night out at a restaurant or missing the occasional pastry. I mean when it’s too expensive to keep good nutritious food on the table. That’s what’s happening in the part of Africa where I live.
A nutritious balanced diet is out of reach for many, and a lot of people eat only once or twice a day.
For much of the last year, more than 20 million people here were dependent on food assistance; they make up half of the 40 million Africans affected by the worst drought in 35 years.
Madagascar’s 2017 staple food production is expected to remain below average levels.
The ongoing main rice harvest will be less than 90 percent of 2016 levels as unexpected early season dryness resulted in a late start to the planting season. Maize and cassava production will see a modest recovery but similarly remain below average (Figure 1).
Rice imports will continue to play an important role in staple food supply over the coming months.
Cyclone Enawo was the biggest storm in more than a decade to hit Madagascar. It left scores dead and triggered floods and landslides, destroying tens of thousands of homes. Two months on, the remarkable story of the village of Antanandava is a testament to Madagascan resilience
by James Ruttle
It was late morning when Cyclone Enawo made landfall on Madagascar’s north-east coast. The most severe tropical storm to hit the Indian Ocean island in more than 10 years brought with it winds of up to 290km/h and 25cm of rainfall.
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
- Entre le 7 et le 10 mars, le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a frappé le Nord Est de Madagascar avec une vitesse de 200 à 300 km/heure. Il a traversé la majeure partie de l’ile,en affectant environ 434000 personnes. Le 14 Mars 2017, le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, y compris le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonnentla réponsehumanitaire dans leszones affectées.
• Mars marque le pic de la période de soudure alimentaire dans de nombreux pays touchés par la sècheresse induite par El Niño l'an dernier (source: FEWS NET).
• La saison des pluies a continué à apporter des précipitations au Grand Sud, alors que ces pluies entravent encore la fourniture des aides humanitaires et l'accès aux marchés locaux.
On 25 April 2017, a new platform to engage the private sector on nutrition was launched in Madagascar. The new platform titled, “Anjaramasoandro”, brought together 10 founding member companies to the National Nutrition Office in Anosy. The establishment of the platform demonstrates the commitment of businesses in Madagascar to join the fight against malnutrition, aligning efforts behind government priorities.
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
Entre le 7 et le 10 mars, le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a frappé le Nord Est du Madagascar avec une vitesse de 200 à 300 km/heure. Il a traversé la majeure partie de l’ile en affectant presque 434,000 personnes. Le 14 Mars 2017 le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, y compris le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonne la réponse humanitaire dans les zones affectées.
The improved rainy season and harvest in March and April 2017 may produce a temporary reprieve from the complex nutritional crisis in the south, however pockets of acute malnutrition remain an obstacle to recovery. Preliminary results of the UNICEF-led nutrition SMART surveys show GAM prevalence between 10 and 15 per cent in Beloha and Amboasary districts, within the “high” prevalence range for wasting,according to WHO standards (10-14 per cent).
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Rice production in 2017 forecast to fall on an annual basis, mainly reflecting dryness in main-producing areas
Imports of rice projected to rise in 2017; currency weakness expected to maintain higher rice prices
Food security conditions remained stressed in southern regions, while impact of Cyclone Enawo increased humanitarian needs
Rice production in 2017 expected below average mostly on account of poor rains in main producing areas
· March marks the peak of the lean season across many countries impacted by last year’s El Niño-induced drought (source: FEWS NET).
· The rainfall season has been continuing to bring rain to the Grand Sud. While welcome, these rains are still hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the access to local markets.
· Some communities have opted for migration as a survival strategy because of the "Kere", this has affected until 35% of the population in the village of Beloha South (cumulated figure).
• Extreme dryness from December 2016 to February 2017 affected the clove and coffee producing region of the eastern coast from Fenerive-est to Manakara (less than 30 percent of average rainfall). Rice producing regions of central western Madagascar received 30-40 percent of average rainfall. This will affect small farmer incomes from crop sales, in addition to labor incomes, and may also affect trade flows and price levels throughout the country.
• Improved vegetation conditions across Southern Africa increase likelihood of aboveaverage harvests
• USAID partners provide assistance to cyclone- and drought-affected populations
• USAID/OFDA provides nearly $1.6 million to UNICEF to help address nutrition and WASH needs in southern Madagascar
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
Le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a traversé Madagascar entre le 7 et le 10 Mars. Il est entré par le NordEst du pays à une vitesse d’environ 300 km par heure. Environ 434 000 personnes ont été sinistrées par son passage.
Le 14 Mars 2017 le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, notamment le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonnent la réponse humanitaire dans les zones affectées.
Tropical cyclone ENAWO made landfall in Antalaha district, in the north-east of Madagascar on 7 March. WFP has responded to the emergency by distributing High Energy Biscuits and food baskets to victims of the cyclone in most affected northeastern, south-eastern districts as well as the capital Antananarivo.
In March, WFP continued its drought emergency response to meet the needs of disaster-affected communities through food and cash-based unconditional assistance and nutrition support.
Monday, 24 April, 2017 - 17:00
When Cyclone Enawo struck north eastern Madagascar on the morning of March 7, travelling at 200 to 300 km per hour, the country and its people were prepared and a number of measures were put in place to limit losses.
However, the wind damages and the widespread flooding left behind by the cyclone severely affected the livelihood of the people of the north-east.
Résumé de la situation
Le cyclone tropical Enawo est entré par le district d’Antalaha, au Nord-Est de Madagascar, région de SAVA, le mardi 07 Mars et est sortie du territoire malgache la nuit du jeudi 09 mars 2017 par la pointe du Sud de l’île. D’après les données recueillies, les districts d’Antalaha, de Maroantsetra (région Analanjirofo), et de Brickaville (région Atsinanana) sont les plus affectés par son passage.