Satoko Horii, Akita International University
OBJECTIVES OF THIS TECHNICAL HANDBOOK
Perched on the edge of the intersection of three tectonic plates, Japan has been repeatedly hit and devastated by earthquakes. However, Japan has revitalized itself as a nation and a society every time, and its accumulated knowledge has served to advance its resilience and minimize future risks and losses.
This manual focuses on Japanese Seismic Preparedness Maps, one of the tools used in Japan to communicate earthquake risks for better preparedness at the community level.
MODIFIED MERCALLI INTENSITY SCALE: 7 .1/10
Intensity class VII:
People have difficulty standing. Drivers on the road feel their cars shaking. Furniture may be overturned and broken. Loose bricks fall from buildings and masonry walls and cracks in plaster and masonry may appear. Weak chimneys may break at the roofline. Damage is slight to moderate in well-built structures; considerable in poorly constructed buildings and facilities.
Concepts and definitions
7.4 M earthquake with a depth of 30 km occurred in Region Fukushima - ken Oki, Japan at 05:59 (UTC +9). Tsunami alert has been issued by the Japan Meteorogical Agency for potential affected areas. Evacuation is ongoing and potential damage due to tsunami is expected. Based on news, tsunami also observed in Sendai Port (1.4 m), Soma Port (0.9 m), Ishinomaki Ayukawa (0.8 m) , Kuji Port (0.8 m) and Onahama Port (0.8 m).
3 November 2016 – Japan’s initiative to raise the awareness of the risks posed by tsunamis will this weekend mark a milestone when World Tsunami Awareness Day makes its debut on 5 November – an occasion that goes beyond paying tribute to the victims of tsunamis.
By Rocio Diaz-Agero Roman
NEW YORK, 24 October 2016 – The future of Fukushima Prefecture dramatically changed on 11 March 2011. A 9.0 magnitude earthquake off Japan’s eastern seaboard unleashed a powerful tsunami that triggered a devastating nuclear meltdown at the Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant.
Speaking at an event ‘Fukushima After 2049 Days: Current revitalization on the ground’ at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, the Governor of Fukushima Prefecture, Mr. Masao Uchibori, underscored that the region’s clocks did not stop that day.
1. Helping Developing Countries Reduce Disaster Risk from Natural Hazards through Modern Hydromet Services
By Jonathan Fowler
GENEVA, 15 August 2016 - A new report highlights the lessons of Japan’s 2011 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster, the world’s deadliest catastrophe in a decade, and underlines how they fed into the creation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- Rice production in 2016 forecast to remain close to last year’s reduced level
- Cereal imports in 2016/17 marketing year forecast close to average levels
Rice production in 2016 forecast to remain close to last year’s reduced level
Planting of the 2016 paddy crop was completed in June. Assuming normal growing conditions, FAO forecasts the 2016 paddy output at 10.6 million tonnes close to the last year’s reduced level.
While schools have already restarted in Mashiki-machi, Kumamoto, the number of evacuees at Hiroyasu Elementary School has declined to 157 from 800-plus at its peak. Nevertheless, still 136 people are staying in the school gym, 11 are in a special classroom and 10 are in their cars. As for those whose houses were completely destroyed or severely damaged, they are still being forced to seek refuge. Likewise, those who are yet to be allocated with a temporary housing still need to remain at the shelter.
By Hler Gudjonsson, IFRC
Although it stands only 2 kilometres from the epicentre, Kumamoto Red Cross Hospital was the only medical facility that was still operational following two devastating earthquakes that hit Kumamoto Prefecture on 14 and 16 April. Most of the doctors, nurses and other staff lived close to the hospital and today, around 30 per cent of these Red Cross workers are still unable to return to their homes.
Standing by each of the survivors
Unrestored water supply – Struggles from days without water for hydration or bathing
On April 26, AAR Japan’s emergency response team distributed aid to 4 welfare centers and collaborated with The Peace Project (non-profit organization) to operate soup kitchens.
Midori Center, an elderly nursing home in the town of Nishi-Hara in Aso county, continues to struggle without water. AAR Japan’s emergency response team delivered 50 packets of oral rehydration powder so that elderly survivors could hydrate.
AAR Japan continues to deliver much-needed sanitary products
In response to the earthquakes that rocked Kumamoto prefecture on April 14, Association for Aid and Relief Japan (AAR Japan) dispatched the emergency response team, which consisted of 6 members as of April 20: Ben Kato (a board member), Go Igarashi, Kazuya Omuro, Shinichiro Ohara, Masaru Miki, and Yuta Funakoshi. The emergency response team is delivering aid, operating soup kitchens, and conducting needs assessment.
Soon after the devastating earthquake and tsunami hit the Tohoku area in Japan in 2011, many of its citizens were forced to leave their homes and into temporary housing. The thought of leaving familiar surrounds for at least five years resulted in many of them feeling isolated, lonely and stressed.
To help lift spirits and bring some much needed relief and light entertainment to those relocated, the Australia-Japan Foundation and members of the local Japanese Board of Education brainstormed on how to use the 40,000 books left behind in the damaged local library.
May 25th, 2016
AMDA Emergency Relief Bulletin #11: Kumamoto Earthquake (Japan)
By Hler Gudjonsson, IFRC
Two devastating earthquakes struck Japan’s Kumamoto prefecture on the 14th and 16th of May, killing 67 people and damaging or destroying around 75,000 houses. The earthquakes caused the displacement of more than 180,000 people but most evacuees have now found places to stay, either with friends and relatives or in rented apartments. However, there are almost 10,000 people remaining in evacuation centres and many are in serious need of continued support from the Red Cross.