- Around 1.4 million people are displaced within South Sudan. Another 448,500 have fled to neighboring countries.
- Acute respiratory infection surpassed malaria as the main cause of illness among displaced people.
- The conflict has caused unprecedented displacement of millions of cattle
from conflict-affected areas into areas outside usual pastoral lands, altering disease patterns.
3.8 million People to be assisted by the end of the year
Urgent actions for children in 2015
• International support to the Central African Republic must be maintained. A reduction of the assistance could reverse all of the gains made in 2014. In 2015, UNICEF will need about US $72 million to promote the protection of children, access to social services for the most vulnerable, and the promotion of peace and reconciliation.
• Children in CAR are exposed to health risks such as tuberculosis, measles, yellow fever, polio and malaria, which remains the most common cause of infant mortality.
In 2013, 2,300 babies were born with HIV in the region, down from 10,700 in 2001
Plus de 4 900 cas de violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre enregistrés en 11 mois dans le Maniema
Grâce à un financement du Fonds Mondial, une dizaine de zones de santé bénéficieront de trois années d’appui dans la lutte contre le paludisme
During its annual meeting in Abidjan, which was attended by UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé, members of Côte d’Ivoire’s national AIDS council reiterated their pledge to Fast-Track their response to end the country’s AIDS epidemic.
President Alassane Ouattara, who leads the national AIDS council, told delegates that no one should be left behind and pointed to recent legislation passed by parliament to end stigma and discrimination against people affected by HIV.
En 2013, poco más de 2.300 bebés nacieron con VIH en la región, menos que los 10.700 que se estima lo hicieron en 2001. Las coberturas de testeo y tratamiento entre las embarazadas llegaron al 74% y 93% respectivamente
On November 3, the Supreme Court of Namibia sided with women’s health. Two years prior, the country’s High Court ruled that medical personnel at public hospitals violated the rights of three HIV-positive women when it sterilized them without their consent. The government appealed that decision, and the Supreme Court rightly rejected that appeal last month.
The largest clinic in Myanmar for treating HIV/AIDS and drug resistant tuberculosis has been officially opened in Yangon’s Insein Township by the international medical humanitarian organisation, Medecins Sans Frontieres.
The clinic will have the capacity to treat a total 10,000 HIv/AIDS patients and about 45 people with DR-TB who are co-infected with HIV/AIDS, says MSF, or about 150 patients a day.
Regional Strategic Overview
More than 3.4 milion children under-5 years were vacinated against polio during the National Immunisation Days (NID) in November, surpasing the 3.2 milion target. Meanwhile, the final round of NIDs for 2014 tok place from 2 to 5 December.
The first round of a polio immunisation campaign targeting children under-15 years in the thre conflict-afected states of Jonglei, Unity and Uper Nile began on 5 December.
The Statistical Yearbook 2014 is an electronic file only, it consists of (1) short analytical texts on 32 selected diverse topics, such as population, education, health, poverty and inequalities, gender, economy, environment and connectivity in the region and related key messages as well as relevant data tables, and (2) country profiles of main development indicators for each of the 58 regional member countries/areas of ESCAP.
The Statistical Yearbook is accompanied by the following products:
PORT MORESBY, 18 DECEMBER 2014 - Papua New Guinea has the highest HIV prevalence in the Pacific region, estimated at 0.8% in 2012. The nation is grappling with an HIV epidemic that is concentrated in marginalized and criminalized key populations including female sex workers and men who have sex with men (MSM).
Stigma associated with HIV and advice from influential churches for people to rely on prayer rather than antiretroviral treatment (ART) to heal themselves further complicate the situation.
Understanding the epidemic
On International Human Rights Day UNFPA joined diplomats, representatives from the United Nations Agencies, local and international non-government organisations and donor countries, to celebrate more than ten years of tireless effort in HIV awareness raising amongst key affected populations in Myanmar. The event took place on the 10 December 2014 at a Targeted Outreach Programme (TOP) run Drop-in Center in Yangon.
Sierra Leone covers an area of 71,740 km2 , approximately the size of Ireland. It borders Guinea in the north and northeast, and Liberia in the east and southeast.
Violence has been ongoing in eastern Ukraine despite the ceasefire of 5 September. Heavy fighting and shelling have increased the number of killed and wounded, and between mid-September and mid-December, the number of registered internally displaced increased by over 266,000. A new ceasefire was announced for 9 December, with differing reports as to whether it has been violated.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Highlights from this issue:
What can we learn from the missteps of providing corticosteroids for preterm delivery?
How should health systems in West Africa be strengthened in the wake of the Ebola outbreak?
How can behavior change activities increase contraceptive use in urban areas?
What role can drug shops play in family planning?
How do health care workers find the courage to care for Ebola patients?
When Angelina Twoki Terso arrived at the Juba Teaching Hospital’s antenatal clinic in 2004, when one month pregnant with her third child, she met with an HIV counsellor but didn’t think there was a need to get tested for HIV. Ms Twoki thought only people who smoked, drank and did things that she considered immoral contracted HIV.
By Miriam Gathigah
NAIROBI, Dec 12 2014 (IPS) - Mention gender inequality in AIDS and the fact that more women than men live with HIV pops up. But another, rarely spoken about gendered difference is proving lethal to men with HIV.
Research reveals that, across Africa, men have lower rates of HIV testing, enrollment on antiretroviral treatment, adherence, viral load suppression and survival, than women.
In Zambia, 63 % of adults starting ART are women.
To boost fight against Ebola and strengthen community-based services for the future, UNICEF raises appeal to US$500 million
NEW YORK/GENEVA, 12 December 2014 – UNICEF today announced an expanded fight against the Ebola virus in West Africa over the next six months, costing a total of US$500 million – of which just 24 per cent ($125.7 million) has been secured.