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UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report #44, 8 - 21 October 2014

Highlights

  • The Social Mobilization Campaign for mass screening of children under 5 for malnutrition in Juba County was officially launched on 14 October, with screening, referral and treatment now currently ongoing. The Social Mobilization Campaign, part of the Joint WFP-UNICEF Nutrition Scale Up, is spearheaded by the State Ministry of Health with support from UNICEF. This campaign aims to screen 590,175 children under 5 years old for malnutrition in Juba County, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Warrap States.

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Global Tuberculosis Report 2014

Improved data reveals higher global burden of tuberculosis

22 October 2014, Geneva - Recent intensive efforts to improve collection and reporting of data on tuberculosis (TB) are shedding new light on the epidemic, revealing that there are almost half a million more cases of the disease than previously estimated. The World Health Organization’s Global Tuberculosis Report 2014, published today, shows that 9 million people developed TB in 2013, and 1.5 million died, including 360 000 people who were HIV positive.

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World + 51 others
Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 15 - 21 October

The weekly Global Overview aggregates information from a range of sources and provides the latest updates on and a ranking of current humanitarian crises.

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Ethiopia + 6 others
HIV/Aids complicates fight against kala azar

IN SUMMARY

The numbers

  • 300,000 - Or 90 per cent new cases of Kala azar infections every year. Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nepal, and Sudan are the most affected countries, according to the World Health Organization.

  • 35 - Countries in which VL-HIV cases are reported.

  • 20pc to 40 per cent of patients with VL were also found to be infected with HIV in North Africa, one of the hardest hit areas.

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New child-friendly HIV pill set for launch

In Summary

  • At the moment, children living with the virus take four to five different syrups of the formulation which has a bitter taste and is proving to be a real struggle getting them to take.

  • Paediatric HIV is now classified as “neglected” because majority of the victims come from poor and marginalised families who have little access to basic health care.

By FRANCIS MUREITHI

A child-friendly anti-retroviral that combines different drugs needed to manage HIV/Aids will soon be available in Kenya.

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In Tanzania, empowering girls, fighting HIV

By Sandra Bisin

A leadership training programme in Tanzania aims at reducing the vulnerability of out-of-school adolescent girls, who are at high risk for HIV, gender-based violence and unwanted pregnancy.

DAR ES SALAAM, United Republic of Tanzania, 20 October 2014 – Fatuma Djamali was born in 1996 in Ruvuma region, in Tanzania’s southern highlands. Since she was in primary school, her life has been dominated by solitude and fear.

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Tirer les leçons de la lutte contre le sida pour combattre Ebola

«Pour gagner la bataille contre Ebola, il faut faire tomber la rumeur et le niveau de la peur, et faire connaitre les modes de contamination. A partir de ce moment, on pourra mieux communiquer sur comment se prémunir, comment se protéger de la maladie», a déclaré Michelle Barzach, Présidente d’UNICEF France. « Ainsi, on inverse complètement la réaction collective, pour l’assagir, et la rendre raisonnable ».

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Liberia + 2 others
Ebola Crisis - Ensuring continuity of HIV Services (October 2014)

Report
UNAIDS

The UNAIDS Inter Agency Task Team to address HIV in Humanitarian Emergencies is advocating for a minimum HIV service package as part of efforts to restore public health services during the outbreak.

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100,000 new cases expected by year-end

In Summary

  • Mr Koome told the meeting with religious leaders that 60,000 people lived with the HIV virus in Mombasa County alone. In total, 1.6 million people are living with the virus in Kenya
  • Mombasa County currently has 12,000 drug addicts using syringes, out of which 18 per cent are living with HIV

By REBECCA OKWANY

Some 100,000 Kenyans may be infected by HIV virus by the end of this year if the annual average infections rate is anything to go by.

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Deuxième enquête démographique et de santé (EDS-RDC II 2013-2014)

Après la première enquête réalisée en 2007, la République Démocratique du Congo vient de terminer sa Deuxième Enquête Démographique et de Santé, confirmant ainsi son insertion définitive dans le programme international d’Enquêtes Démographiques et de Santé (Demographic and Health Surveys–Measure DHS). Cette deuxième enquête répond globalement aux mêmes objectifs que la première, à savoir produire des indicateurs fiables et à jour pour l’élaboration, le suivi et l’évaluation de la mise en œuvre des programmes et politiques sectoriels du pays.

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UNDP Reponse in Syria: Restoration and Stabilization of Livelihoods Mid-Year Report, January - July 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

Since the beginning of 2014, UNDP scaled up its early recovery and resilience interventions targeting 12 highly affected governorates in Syria. Relying on its area-based approach in planning and programming, UNDP is currently implementing 47 recovery, resilience and livelihoods projects. Until July 2014, a total of 1,527,977 crisis affected people all over Syria benefitted from UNDP’s support.

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Myanmar confirms increasing domestic HIV funding by US$ 5 million

Report
UNAIDS

Myanmar’s Minister for Health, Than Aung, confirmed during a meeting with the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, J.V.R. Prasada Rao, that domestic funding for HIV treatment will be increased by US$ 5 million. Mr Rao completed a five-day visit to Myanmar on 17 October, in which he focused on supporting the country’s efforts to rapidly and effectively scale up its AIDS programme.

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Discussion Paper: Cash Transfers and HIV Prevention

New UNDP report highlights the role that cash transfers can play in preventing HIV

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Cameroon + 2 others
2014-2016 Plan de réponse stratégique Cameroun (Revisé juillet 2014)

RÉSUMÉ

Objectifs stratégiques

  1. Recueillir les données sur les risques et les vulnérabilités, les analyser et intégrer les résultats dans la programmation humanitaire et de développement.

  2. Soutenir les populations vulnérables à mieux faire face aux chocs en répondant aux signaux d’alerte de manière anticipée, réduisant la durée du relèvement post-crise et renforçant les capacités des acteurs nationaux.

  3. Fournir aux personnes en situation d’urgence une assistance coordonnée et intégrée, nécessaire à leur survie

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Limited support for key populations undermines Ugandan HIV control

Report
IRIN

KAMPALA, 16 October 2014 (IRIN) - Uganda’s HIV/AIDS control efforts have been undermined by a lack of consensus and clarity over which people constitute Key Populations (KPs) to be targeted in various prevention, care and treatment efforts, say experts.

There is no consensus on the definitions of, and who to include as, KPs, with activists noting that the lack of clarity on KPs at policy level has an adverse impact on HIV prevention, care and treatment.

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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World Disasters Report 2014 – Focus on Culture and Risk

Most people who live in places that are exposed to serious hazards are aware of the risks they face. Yet they still live there because, to earn their living, they need to or have no alternative.

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‘The More People Talk About HIV, the Less Discrimination We Will See’

Report
Irrawaddy

By MYAT HSU MON / THE IRRAWADDY

Burma has one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in Asia; UNAIDS estimated that about 190,000 people in Burma were living with HIV in 2013, and that about 11,000 died that year from the incurable illness. The country’s overloaded and under-resourced health system—Burma spends less per capita on health care than any other nation in the world—offers minimal assistance for HIV-positive patients, who also suffer from severe social stigma.

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World + 4 others
Ebola may change how aid is spent on healthcare in Africa

The outbreak in West Africa has exposed major gaps in development aid, prompting a rethink of the balance between building health systems and tackling specific diseases like AIDS.

Reuters - AlertNet:



For more humanitarian news and analysis, please visit www.trust.org/alertnet

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Niger + 1 other
Niger Bulletin humanitaire, septembre 2014

FAITS SAILLANTS

• Les résultats de l’enquête nutritionnelle SMART révèlent un taux de malnutrition aiguë globale de 14,8 pour cent.

• L’assistance alimentaire durant la période de soudure a été limitée par le manque de ressources.

• Les flux de personnes déplacées en provenance du Nigeria s’intensifient avec l’arrivée de près de 25 000 personnes en septembre.

• 305 millions de dollars sont recherchés par les acteurs humanitaires à travers le plan de réponse stratégique pour le Niger.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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World + 52 others
Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 08–14 October

The weekly Global Overview aggregates information from a range of sources and provides the latest updates on and a ranking of current humanitarian crises.