The total number of Burundian refugees in Rwanda has increased to 76,603. About 48,450 refugees are living in Mahama camp.
Cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) among children 6-59 months living in the camp continue to decline, with currently 51 children enrolled in treatment programmes.
There were no new typhoid cases reported in April, due to an effective health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) response.
Relatively mild lean season in Rwanda due to surplus stocks
WFP’s main priority is to provide food assistance to refugees and build national capacity to design and manage home-grown hunger solutions.
Sufficient resources are needed to feed the growing number of refugees in camps and to treat and prevent malnutrition among children, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers.
School feeding in camps and in food insecure districts ensures children getting meals, maintains attendance and reduces dropouts.
KIGALI – A new study conducted by the Rwandan Ministry of Agriculture and the World Food Programme (WFP) indicates that rates of chronic malnutrition in Rwanda have fallen significantly in the last three years, but still remain stubbornly high, especially in rural areas.
The total number of Burundian refugees in Rwanda increased to 75,551 with 1,684 new arrivalssince February. More than 48,000 refugees are now living in Mahama camp.
Cases of severe acute malnutrition among children 6- 59 months living in the camp continue to decline, with currently 42 children enrolled for treatment.
The typhoid outbreak is under control, with an effective health and WASH response.
Season B labor opportunities and Season A harvests support food access and availability
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable early prospects for 2016B agricultural season
Above average production estimates for 2016A season
Food prices declining in most markets as 2016A season crops increase supplies
Significant number of refugees from Burundi in need of humanitarian assistance
Planting ongoing of 2016B season crops
Significant improvements in household food security following Season A harvests
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that 73,867 Burundi refugees are residing in Rwanda as of February 29. This population remains Stressed (IPC Phase 2!), but only with continued humanitarian assistance. The Rwandan Government recently announced its intentions to relocate refugees to third countries, although exact plans are unknown.
• Since January, the total number of Burundian refugees in Rwanda increased, with nearly 1,800 new arrivals. More than 47,000 refugees are now living in Mahama camp.
• The typhoid outbreak is under control, with an effective health and WASH response.
• The nutrition situation among children under five years continues to improve, with currently only 51 children remaining on treatment for severe acute malnutrition.
Summary of WFP assistance:
WFP provides food assistance with the aim of improving food and nutrition security among food insecure households.
• Since December, the total number of Burundian refugees in Rwanda remained stable, with a limited number of new arrivals. Almost 46,000 refugees are living in Mahama camp.
• The typhoid outbreak is under control, with effective health and WASH response resulting in a stabilization of cases at a low level; a total of 13 typhoid cases have been confirmed to date.
December/January Season A harvests improving food security
Food security has improved significantly for the majority of households in Rwanda following favorable Season A harvests. Average to above-average September to December short rains provided agricultural-related income-earning opportunities for labor-dependent households and supported average to above-average maize and beans production. Household food stocks have increased and food insecurity is anticipated to be Minimal (IPC Phase 1) through at least March.
Since November, the total number of Burundian refugees in Rwanda remained stable, with a low number of new arrivals.
Nearly 46,000 refugees are now living in Mahama camp (30,000 in the original camp, and 16,000 in the extended camp); transition to semi-permanent housing is ongoing.
Attendance at the education orientation programme increased by 25% from 11,000 to 14,000 students in the past month.
Improvements in food security anticipated from late December
Average to above-average Season A rains were received in most areas of Rwanda, supporting favorable production. Food security is expected to improve in most regions with the start of Season A harvestsin late December. As a result, the majority of households are expected to remain in, or improve to, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.
Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes continue in key cassava-growing areas
Land preparation and planting for Season A crops has increased income-earning opportunities for poor households in Bugesera Cassava, Central Plateau Cassava and Coffee, and the Eastern Semi-Arid Agropastoral livelihood zones. Poor households will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) through the end of the lean season, but improve to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) at the beginning of the green harvest in late December.
By John Paul Sesonga — 23 November 2015