Harvests increase household food stocks and labor opportunities, easing food insecurity
Par Aloys Mundere
« J’aimerais tant qu’il y ait la paix, pour qu’on puisse rentrer chez nous », dit un réfugié burundais, un homme octogénaire. « J’espère qu’on va continuer à recevoir de l’aide. Je suis handicapé. Je suis seul. Personne d’autre ne va m’aider. »
Environ 30 000 personnes ont fui le Burundi pour le Rwanda ces dernières semaines, suite à la plus forte flambée de violences depuis la fin de la guerre civile en 2005.
As of mid-June, more than 30,000 refugees, 77 per cent of whom were children and women, had crossed into Rwanda fearing violence due to political instability in Burundi. With the continued volatility related to forthcoming elections in Burundi, it is estimated that 100,000 refugees may enter the country by September 2015. Refugee children are arriving in poor health, some severely malnourished and highly vulnerable to disease.
WFP has scaled up its intervention to tackle malnutrition among children in Mahama camp, in Eastern Rwanda and home to over 23,000 Burundian refugees. The intervention has contributed to lowered child malnutrition rates to 9 percent.
“I wish there was peace so that we can return home,” said one Burundian refugee, an old man in his 80’s. “I hope that we continue to receive help. I’m disabled. I’m alone. Nobody else is going to help me.”
Around 30,000 people have fled Burundi for Rwanda in recent weeks following the worst outbreak of violence since the end of the civil war in 2005.
“Any help would be welcome, because we need it,” said Jean Damascène Musoni, a community leader of the 27,000 Burundian refugees sheltering in Mahama camp in Rwanda.
Highlights (4- 16 June)
**The total number of Burundian refugees has now reached 33,871*
Health-related activities are expanding including UNICEF supported vaccination drives against measles and polio at reception centres where there are in excess of 5,000 people, more than half of them children
Provision of water supply in the Mahama refugee camp still remains a challenge due to limited capacity of the existing community water supply system
Above-average rainfall improves Season B production prospects
Poor households in the Bugesera Cassava, East Agropastoral and the East Congo Nile Highland Subsistence Farming Zones currently face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity due to the combination of a poor start to Season B, yield reductions resulting from excessive rainfall in April and May, and labor and income losses accruing from reduced livestock production. An estimated 25,000 refugees from Burundi are currently in need of humanitarian assistance.
OVERALL STRATEGY AND COORDINATION
Jenelle Eli, American Red Cross
Not far from the border with Burundi, a team of Rwandan Red Cross volunteers is peeling potatoes and searching for firewood. They are waiting to welcome another group of refugees from Burundi as they cross into Rwanda at the Mamba entry point, the first stop for families in search of safety.
By DANIEL S NTWARI, TEA Special Correspondent
For the refugees, Mahama camp is offering a peaceful haven although there are major challenges concerning their upkeep.
Rwanda may soon be overwhelmed, with the number of Burundian refugees in the country is now nearing its estimated handling capacity.
· Refugees fleeing tensions in Burundi continue to arrive in Rwanda at a rate of more than 100 a day, with ongoing uncertainty at home carrying the risk of a return to peak rates of more than 1,000 arrivals a day seen at the start of the situation.
· Facilities at the main refugee camp for Burundians in Rwanda at Mahama are further expanding, with UNICEF part-funding new boreholes to tackle potential water shortages.
May 16, 2015 by Jim Stipe
Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is helping refugees from Burundi who have fled to neighboring Rwanda seeking safety. CRS is working with Caritas Rwanda to provide nutritional supplementation for thousands in transit camps, many suffering from acute malnutrition.
PHOENIX (May 14, 2015) – Today, the Burundian African Union reported a military coup attempt in Burundi. The government of the African nation denies the coup, and the coup has not been verified, however there have been reports of people dancing and celebrating in the streets.
• Fear of continued violence ahead of Burundi’s elections due in late June has prompted 8,000 more Burundian refugees to arrive in Rwanda since the last UNICEF SitRep of 26 April, taking the total number of newly arrived refugees to 25,214, of whom 82% are women and children
• Two-thirds of the refugees, or close to 17,500 people, have been moved to the new Mahama Refugee Camp in eastern Rwanda from the two initial Reception Centres that were established at the outset of the crisis
NATURE OF EMERGENCY:
On 2 April 2015, a joint rapid assessment was undertaken by the Government of Rwanda through the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs (MIDIMAR), UNHCR and WFP to Bugesera district to assess the needs of the asylum seekers who had crossed the border from Burundi to Rwanda. This mission was followed by the second assessment mission to Nyanza district on 3 April.
Poor February to March rainfall performance causes delays to seasonal agricultural activities
As of 26 April, 20,408 Burundian refugees crossed into Rwanda since 31 March. The majority of refugees are children and women. There is in an increasing trend in arrivals (in the last 3 days on average over 3,200 arrivals per day). It is estimated that 100,000 refugees may arrive within the next 3 months.
At least one person has been shot dead in violent clashes in Burundi, a day after President Pierre Nkurunziza controversially launched his bid for a third term in office. Hundreds defied a ban on demonstrations to take to the streets of the capital Bujumbura.
Police shot live ammunition in the air to disperse them. Angry protesters on Sunday threw rocks and lit tyres. Police responded with tear gas, water cannon and live ammunition, blocking access to the centre of the capital. (BBC News)