The relocation of villages as rising sea levels spoil crops among other things, has begun for several countries across the region including Fiji. In Tuvalu, the devastation caused by Cyclone Pam in March is still being talked about and for the Federated States of Micronesia, March marked the evacuation of about 1000 people on Majuro and 250 in the Arno Atoll: forced to flee massive king tides.
Jewi Refugee Camp was established on 15 March 2015 and hosting refugee relocated from Leitchuor and Nip Nip camps following the floods that left refugees in both locations homeless. This led to establishment of the camp which offered home for refugees to settle and live in safety and dignity. Leitchuor camp was established in late January in 2014 and received refugees relocated from Ethiopian border entry points of Akobo, Pagak, Burbiey, Pochalla.
Areas of Origin
Pugnido is the oldest refugee camp in the Gambella Region of Western Ethiopia, and is hosting both refugees that arrived twenty years ago (since 1993) and those who arrived within recent months (after 15th December 2013). There are also refugees who arrived in 2012 following 2011 tribal conflict in Jonglei Sate of South Sudan. Since 18 Nov, 2014, some 16,183 refugees relocated from different entry points arrived in Pugnido of which 14,746 have been fully registered (level II).
Pattern in Population Change
As the refugee camps in Gambella quickly reached their capacity, Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.
Kambioos is the newest of the five Dadaab camps. It was established in August 2011 and officially recognized by the Kenyan government in January 2013. The camp was originally planned for a population of 100,000 and can help reduce the population pressure in other camps. Relocation of people from the overcrowded outskirts of Hagadera has started and Kambioos has been receiving urban refugee from Nairobi.
Hagadera was established in 1992 and is the largest and third oldest camp in the Dadaab operation. The camp has one of the biggest markets in the region and a dynamic economy.
Established in 1991, Ifo is the oldest of the five refugee camps in Dadaab, currently accommodating refugees from ten countries. Due to the influx of new arrivals fleeing war and famine in Somalia in 2010/11, the neighbouring Ifo 2 camp was established in 2011 to decrease population pressure in Ifo.
Ifo 2 is one of the newest refugee camps in Dadaab. It was opened in July 2011, to decongest Ifo and Dagahaley camps. Ifo 2 is divided into two sub-camps, Ifo 2 East and Ifo 2 West, and demarcated into 18 sections comprising of four to nine blocks each.
1. Housing and Human Settlements
The sector of housing and human settlements was affected the most. The total effects (damages and losses) are valued at NPR 350,379 million, with the total damages amounting to NPR 303,631 million and the total losses estimated at NPR 46,748 million.
Oxfam helped almost a third more people caught up in humanitarian disasters in 2014-15 as it responded to an unprecedented number of emergencies including the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa and ongoing conflicts in Syria and South Sudan.
The organisation supported 8.1 million people across 39 humanitarian disasters over the year, providing clean water, sanitation and food, compared to 6.1 million across 24 emergencies in 2013-14.
By Vu Duy
HANOI, 7 August 2015 (IRIN) - Toxic sludge that spilled out of open pit coal mines during 10 days of heavy rains may have seriously contaminated farmland, rivers and coastal areas in northern Vietnam.
Flooding has killed 30 people, wiped out roads and damaged thousands of homes, the United Nations said in a situation report on Wednesday. The UN also warned of potential risks to the environment, health and water sanitation after coal mines in Quang Ninh province flooded, spilling thick streams of dark sludge into the countryside.
Water is essential to human development and prosperity, but many people still live without reliable access to it. As the number of people in the world increases, water scarcity is forecast to worsen. The Safeguarding the World’s Water report documents USAID’s water sector activities that address key global challenges during fiscal year 2014. The report also shares progress made during the first year of implementing its Water and Development Strategy.
This report covers the period: 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014
Red Cross Staff receive confirmed Ebola patients at the then new Ebola treatment Centre in Kenema, Sierra Leone in September. More than 25,000 cases have been registered and more than 10,000 deaths in the worst Ebola epidemic the world has seen. National Societies continue to be on the forfront of the reponse and the IFRC, and its Secretariat have worked together to support them.
After more than three hours of weaving courageously across the unforgiving waves of the open sea, three banana boats land on the beautiful shores of Fenualoa Island, where 531 people of the Tuwo Community call home. Stepping onto the beach, we are greeted with flower, songs, and coconut bread – an incredibly warm island community welcome.
El 29 de abril, fuertes lluvias en el municipio de Sayaxché provocaron el desborde de las lagunas de oxidación de una de las empresas productoras de aceite de palma africana y la muerte masiva de peces.
El Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN) y el Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social (MSPAS) tomaron muestras de agua; estas fueron enviadas al Laboratorio Nacional de Salud (LNS).
DROUGHT AND FOOD SECURITY:
Authorities activated the emergency mechanisms in Dominican Republic, while in Haiti authorities are concerned about a worsening of health issues due to lack of water.
FLOODS: River San Miguel in Colombia overflowed affecting about 8,000 people.
Authorities are responding to the emergency by delivering foods and toiletry kits.
COLD WEATHER: In Bolivia about 9,330 families, 4,306 hectares of crops, 6,868 cattle and 207 houses are affected in 26 municipalities, in 6 departments
SEQUÍA e INSEGURIDAD ALIMENTARIA: Autoridades activaron mecanismos de emergencia en República Dominicana, mientras en Haití las autoridades muestran preocupación porque la situación de salud puede agravar debido a la falta de agua.
INUNDACIONES: El desbordamiento del Río San Miguel en Colombia, afectó a cerca de 8,000 personas. Las autoridades responden a la emergencia a través de la entrega de alimentos y kits de aseo.
While we must continue to provide assistance to countries in crisis, fragile states and the world’s poorest, development assistance must be more than a tool to merely alleviate the effects of poverty. It must also be a tool to spur transformation. Since 2010, the United States has sharpened the focus of our global development investments to achieve sustainable development outcomes, leverage increased private capital flows, diversify the range of private sector and nongovernmental partners with whom we work, and invested in game-changing innovations.
13 juillet 2015 – A l'ouverture de la troisième Conférence internationale sur le financement du développement à Addis-Abeba, en Ethiopie, le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a salué lundi l'avènement d'une ère nouvelle de coopération, dont la première étape sera l'adoption dans la capitale éthiopienne d'un programme de financement capable de soutenir le développement durable et l'action climatique.