Research and Evidence Division (RED) is responsible for making DFID more systematic in the use of evidence and thereby having greater development impact by:
Despite reasonable growth rates, the Asia Pacific region is home to 743 milliion people living on less than $1.25 per day, and 1.6 billion on less than $2 per day (40% of the population) (UNESCAP 2013). The core countries of the Asia Regional Programme are among those with the worst poverty rates in Asia (e.g. 76%, 60% 53% on less than $2 per day in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal respectively). The development challenges are complex and multidimensional – with significant economic, political, social and environmental drivers.
Bangladesh has unquestioned potential. Goldman Sachs listed it in their ‘Next 11’ economies, with high potential to become one of the world’s largest economies in the 21st century. However, the country has been sliding down the World Bank/IFC Ease of Doing Business rankings (currently 173rd out of 189 countries) in recent years. Foreign investment is relatively low, but exports exceeded $25.6bn in 2011, 48% up on 2009, largely from the garment, jute, leather, frozen fish and seafood sectors.
Achievement of the MDGs
Nepal is the second poorest country in Asia (GNI/Capita, 2010). Only Afghanistan is poorer. 40% of under-fives are stunted and a quarter are underweight and one in 22 children do not survive to their first birthday.
However, poverty levels have fallen significantly in recent years: from 41.2% of the population living on less than $1.25/day in 1995 to 24.8 % by 2010. This is largely due to remittance flows and so is vulnerable to the global economic situation. Almost half of Nepali families rely on incomes from abroad.
Sub Saharan Africa has 12% of the world’s population but is home to just under a third of the world’s poor. Its economy has a combined Gross National Income only 9% larger than the Netherlands. Africa needs economic growth to reduce poverty, but its economic and political geography presents some significant challenges that will not be overcome through working at country level alone.
Ethiopia matters to the UK for a range of development, foreign policy and security reasons. It is populous, poor, vulnerable but comparatively stable in the Horn of Africa. From a low base, Ethiopia’s growth and expansion of basic services in recent years have been among the most impressive in Africa. The UK Government has an opportunity to make our support more transformational and accelerate Ethiopia’s graduation from aid dependency.
Lebanon is not a State Party to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and has not signed its 1967 Protocol. Lebanon implements some provisions of the Convention on a voluntary basis and considers that granting the refugee status to individuals lies within its margin of discretion.
The Government of Lebanon stresses on all occasions its longstanding position reaffirming that Lebanon is neither a country of asylum, nor a final destination for refugees, let alone a country of resettlement.
The Statistical Yearbook 2014 is an electronic file only, it consists of (1) short analytical texts on 32 selected diverse topics, such as population, education, health, poverty and inequalities, gender, economy, environment and connectivity in the region and related key messages as well as relevant data tables, and (2) country profiles of main development indicators for each of the 58 regional member countries/areas of ESCAP.
The Statistical Yearbook is accompanied by the following products:
17 December 2014 – After a year of “discord, disease and disruption” that saw peace operations, diplomacy and humanitarian capacities “pushed to the limit” responding to West Africa's Ebola outbreak, terrorist groups and ongoing conflicts in Africa, the Middle East and Eastern Europe, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon addressed reporters today at United Nations Headquarters, where he summed up the year and looked ahead to 2015.
The MIMU 3W gathers inputs from participating agencies on Who is doing What, Where across Myanmar. It is currently conducted every 6 months.
189 agencies participated in the October 2014 3W, providing information on their activities in 19 sectors and 142 sub-sectors which have been defined by technical/sector working groups. There is still likely to be under-reporting of the specific activities of field-based local NGOs and CBOs.
Confront Toxic Legacy Before Reopening Lead Mines
4 December 2014 – The Jordanian government today endorsed a one-year program to consolidate all major national and international efforts to address the impacts of the Syria crisis in Jordan. The Plan is the first nationally-led effort of its kind, and embeds the refugee response into national development plans, helping to implement sustainable service delivery systems to better and more effectively meet the needs of both refugees and the Jordanian communities hosting them.
PERIOD January – December 2015
189 million USD requested
1.4 million Estimated number of people in need of humanitarian assistance (total population of Ukraine: 45m)
900,000 People targeted for aid in this plan
508,000 Internally displaced from eastern Ukraine and Crimea
INUNDACIONES: Las inundaciones continúan afectando a Colombia. Unas 44 personas han muerto y más de 100,000 han sido afectadas en la presente temporada de lluvias.
MIGRACIÓN: Se estima que en Nuevo Laredo, estado de Tamaulipas - México, unos 1,390 menores han sido atendidos en 2014, 300 más que en el mismo periodo en 2013.
CHIKUNGUNYA: Los casos ya suman 1,021 en Nicaragua, 95 por ciento de estos han ocurrido en los últimos 25 días. Las autoridades intensifican las medidas de prevención.
FLOODS: Floods continue to affect Colombia. Forty-four people have died and more than 100,000 are affected in the current rainy season.
MIGRATION: It is estimated that 1,390 unaccompanied children have been assisted in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas state - Mexico, 300 more than in the same period in 2013.
CHIKUNGUNYA: Nicaragua has registered 1,021 cases, 95 per cent of which have occurred in the last 25 days. Authorities are intensifying prevention measures.
- Humanitarian Coordinator visits Pakistani refugees.
- Humanitarians prepare to support vulnerable Afghans in winter.
- IRIN’s Joe Dyke reports on communities affected by spring flooding in the north.
In this issue
Top UN official visits Khost P.1
Humanitarian winter response P.2
Climate change in Afghanistan P.3
CHF second allocation P.5
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Mon, 3 Nov 2014 06:45 GMT
Author: Kagondu Njagi
GONDAR, Ethiopia (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – When increasingly erratic weather ruined his crops of maize, wheat and barley in highland Maksegni, the middle-aged farmer migrated to Metemma, in northwest Ethiopia, to look for work in the lowland area’s commercial sesame and cotton plantations.
Read more on AlertNet