• Promesses de contribution à hauteur de $458 millions de dollars américains pour 2017 et $214 millions pour 2018 et au-delà, annoncées par 14 donateurs
• La conférence a donné une voix aux personnes touchées par le conflit et la crise
• Accord pour répondre aux besoins de développement à plus long terme et chercher des solutions durables aux crises
« Une aide alimentaire pour sauver des vies aujourd’hui et assurer l’avenir en œuvrant pour l’autonomie des femmes, des enfants et des adolescents. »
La sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle dans le nord-est nigérian et la région du Lac Tchad
“Humanitarian food assistance to save lives today and secure the future for tomorrow by empowering women, children and youth.”
Food and nutrition security in North East Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region
La conjonction de plusieurs facteurs a conduit à la crise humanitaire complexe que connaissent actuellement le Nigéria et la région du Lac Tchad : un conflit, la pauvreté et le changement climatique, fléaux auxquels vient s’ajouter la menace omniprésente de Boko Haram. Ce mouvement armé qui cible expressément l’instruction s’est déjà distingué en attaquant et détruisant des écoles dans un environnement où le travail éducatif était déjà éminemment difficile.
A number of overlapping factors have led to the complex humanitarian crisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad basin region: conflict, poverty and climate change. Further compounding these burdens is the pervasive menace of Boko Haram. This armed movement, which specifically opposes education, has a track record of attacking and destroying schools in an already challenging environment for education.
Dans les situations d’urgence, il est vital de dispenser certains services de santé essentiels, notamment à destination des femmes et des enfants. Il s’agit, pour les populations en détresse, de l’un des aspects les plus prioritaires de l’aide humanitaire attendue.
Lors du Sommet mondial sur l’Action humanitaire d’Istanbul, l’effort en matière de santé a été estimé déterminant. Il apparaît hautement pertinent au regard de bon nombre des axes de travail identifiés comme relevant d’une responsabilité fondamentale, notamment :
During an emergency, the delivery of essential healthcare services is vital, not least for women and children. It is one of affected populations’ top priorities for humanitarian assistance.
We have a humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Region which is truly massive: a staggering 10.7 million people need immediate humanitarian assistance – that is twice the population of Norway as a whole – and who urgently need life-saving relief and protection tonight. And 8.5 million of that 10.7 million are in north-eastern Nigeria around the epicenter of Maiduguri.
Pledges of US$458 million for 2017 and $214 million for 2018 and beyond announced by 14 donors
The conference gave voice to people affected by the conflict and crisis
Agreement to address longer-term development needs and seek durable solutions to crises
An interview with photographer Vincent Tremeau on children’s lives and aspirations in one of the world’s worst crises
Encompassing north-eastern Nigeria and parts of Cameroon, Chad and Niger, the Lake Chad region has become plagued by one of Africa’s worst humanitarian crises due to conflict, extreme poverty and climate change. Over 10 million people need humanitarian assistance to survive, including 2 million people who have been forced to flee their homes. Thousands have been killed, abducted or raped by the armed group Boko Haram.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
Over 20 million people across the Lake Chad Basin are in need of humanitarian assistance. Since 2014, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated $144 million for urgent aid to people affected by conflict and deepening food crisis. More than one third of the allocations supported humanitarian operations in Nigeria helping displaced people and vulnerable host communities. The Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) will further bolster the response by making funds directly available to a wide range of relief partners, including NGOs.
2016 saw a significant scale-up in the response across the worst-hit areas of the Lake Chad region. Owing to the support of donors and collective efforts by Governments, UN agencies and non-governmental organisations, children were rescued from malnutrition, vaccinated against life-threatening diseases and able to access education. Families on the move were sheltered and provided with help. Communities were assisted with food or livelihoods to avoid hunger.
ACROSS THE LAKE CHAD REGION
Since November 2016, 578 schools have closed and the education of 228,000 children is disrupted in drought-affected areas, mainly due to non-availability of food and water in schools. Parents and children are moving to places where food and water are available.
At the moment, there are 163,000 internally displaced school-aged children in drought affected areas.
More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months. With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.