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29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Food insecurity, malnutrition and overall vulnerability are results of recurring natural hazards (droughts, floods), increasing food prices and overall scarcity of resources.

The country continues to host Malian refugees, their returns are contingent on restoring peace and security in Northern Mali.

Diseases under epidemiological surveillance are likely to report increased number of cases as a result of poor access to health structures and water,sanitation, and hygiene facilities.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Chronic vulnerability: recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locust), increasing poverty and market instability have contributed to deterioration of livelihoods.

Limited access to basic social services and timid presence of State administration in certain parts of northern Mali increase the vulnerability of communities.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices) are among the key causes of vulnerability amongst households and communities.

Insecurity in neighboring countries, notably Mali and Nigeria, has led to displacements to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks by insurgents that have been occurring in Diffa since Feb 2015.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS*

Continued forced displacement, killing and secuirty incidents due to insurgency situation.

An estimated 13.7 million people are affected by the food insecurity in the northern parts of Nigeria, including 7 million in the Northeast states of Adamawa, Borno, Yobe - out of which 2.5 million are in urgent need of food assistance.

Unproportionate resources to address the needs of displaced families such as shelter, health care, WASH, NFIs, education and psychosocial support.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Endemic of food insecurity due to crop failure/ poor harvest, rising food prices and loss of livelihoods as a result of frequent natural disasters (droughts, floods).

Lack of integrated early warning systems to facilitate early response and assist affected populations to cope better with shocks.

Poor sanitation and access to clean water are main causes of waterborne diseases. Prevalence of epidemics, lack of access to adequate health services and poor health service delivery.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Food insecurity aggravated by chronic drought and negative coping strategies, in the context of limited capacity. Malnutrition is not only linked to food insecurity, but also caused by poor eating habits.

Recent and former population displacement due to conflicts in neighboring CAR, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan (security volatility around Chad).

Lack of functional health facilities and qualified medical staff (only 450 doctors for 13.2 million people), poor sanitation and limited access to clean water and basic services.

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.

Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon, and causes internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.

Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases

29 Apr 2016 description

KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience that need to be reinforced.

Prolonged displacement puts additional stress on the communities hosting 33,692 Malian refugees since 2012 and 15,088 of their animals.

29 Apr 2016 description

In this issue

  • Implementing the Agenda for Humanity P.1

  • IGAD-SADC and conflict prevention P.2

  • The Great Lakes Pact and Rule of Law P.3

  • Domesticating the Kampala Convention P.4

  • Burundi Humanitarian Hotline installed P.6

  • Launch of Humanitarian-Private Sector Platforms P.6

  • HoA Initiative: Financing Humanity P 7

KEY FIGURES

# of IDPs 11 m

# of refugees 3.4 m

28 Apr 2016 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Between end January and 24 April 2016, 54,635 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan, according to aid organisations.

• In Central Darfur, about 5,200 IDPs from Jebel Marra have been reported in the Fanga Suk area and Rokero town following inter-agency missions.

• A new report by SKBN CU says renewed conflict between government forces and SPLMN has led to significant internal displacement and increased humanitarian needs in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.

28 Apr 2016 description

On 11 April, 2016, Ethiopia Satellite Television (ESAT) released a news item claiming that the Ethiopian government had stopped the fundraising campaign by UN agencies. According to the report, this message was conveyed in a meeting between a representative of United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the Special Envoy for the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Ambassador Behane Gebrekiristos. OCHA Ethiopia hereby states strongly that the story is false. OCHA did not speak to this media house and the government never told OCHA to stop the campaign.

28 Apr 2016 description

Haiti’s Humanitarian Needs of Overview (HNO) 2016 has estimated that 2.1 million people are in need of humanitarian and protection assistance. From those 1.3 million will be targeted by the recent launched Humanitarian Response Plan ( April 2016).

27 Apr 2016 description

REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE

1,600 MENAGES DEPLACES

Des tensions suite à l’arrivée de membres d'un groupe armé dans les régions de Yade et de Makounzi Wali au nord-ouest du pays début avril a entraîné le déplacement de 1600 ménages dans les sous-provinces de Koui et de Bocaranga. Les personnes déplacées sont auprès de familles d'accueil et reçoivent des articles non alimentaires et une assistance alimentaire des partenaires humanitaires.

CONGO

27 Apr 2016 description

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

1,600 HOUSEHOLDS DISPLACED DUE TO TENSIONS WITH ARMED MEN

Tensions following the arrival of members of an armed group in the north-western Yade and Makounzi Wali regions early April have led to the displacement of 1,600 households into Koui and Bocaranga sub-provinces. The IDPs are with host families and are receiving non-food items and food assistance from humanitarian partners.

CONGO

2,000 AFFECTED BY THE CRISIS IN THE SOUTHERN POOL REGION

26 Apr 2016 description

(**Geneva, 26 April 2016**): With millions of people across the world affected by droughts, floods and other extreme weather events triggered by El Niño, the international community must act now to address urgent humanitarian needs and support building communities’ resilience to future shocks, Stephen O’Brien, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, has said.

26 Apr 2016 description

As delivered

Excellencies,
Distinguished guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

We are given a tremendous opportunity to help the millions of people, families, and communities affected by one of the strongest El Niño episodes in history. Together, we must now act to prevent enormous suffering by supporting the national and international response to the immediate needs and indeed for longer-term resilience.

26 Apr 2016 description

Key Issues

  • Ethiopia Government and Humanitarian partners commence with visits to donor capitals to raise awareness on urgent needs for increased funding for the country’s El Niñoinduced drought crisis.

  • The Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD) which seeks US$1.4 billion to assist 10.2 million Ethiopians in 2016 has received about US$800 million from the Government and the international community. But ongoing response is threatened by critical funding gaps in all sectors.

26 Apr 2016 description

(Addis Ababa, 26 April 2016): Ethiopia Government and Humanitarian partners kick off donor capital visits to raise awareness on the urgent need for increased funding for Ethiopia’s El Niño-induced droughts.

26 Apr 2016 description

Situation Overview

  • 18 provinces severely affected at present
  • 22 provinces currently drought-affected
  • 52 provinces aided by Government since mid-2015

Total Emergency Requirement (3-5 months) $48.5 million
Current Gap (3-5 months) $41.4 million

At least one third of Vietnam’s 63 provinces continue to be affected by El Niño-induced drought, with 18 provinces in the South Central, Central Highlands and Mekong Delta regions severely affected.