I. SITUATION OVERVIEW (as 0101 April 2015, 5:00 PM)
• At 4:00 PM today, the eye of Typhoon Maysak (international name) outside the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) was situated based on all available data at 1,165 km east of Guivan, Eastern Samar (11.3°N, 136.4°E), with maximum sustained winds of 190 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 225 kph. It is forecast to move West Northwest at 20 kph
QUEZON CITY, April 2 -- The national government has declared its readiness in the coming typhoon, expected to hit the country this weekend.
National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Council (NDRRMC) chair Undersecretary Alexander Pama, in a media briefing on Friday, said, members of the Pre Disaster Risk Assessment (PDRA) has made assessments on the ground to help government in its preparations and response actions.
PHILIPPINES. Typhoon “MAYSAK” (Chedeng) has reduced its strength while entering Philippines Area of Responsibilities (PAR). The Typhoon comes with 180 kph maximum sustained wind as Category 3 Typhoon, cruising at the speed of 19 kph. This Typhoon can potentially cause well-built framed homes incur major damage or removal of roof decking. Many trees will be snapped or uprooted, blocking numerous roads. Electricity and water will be unavailable for several days to weeks after the storm passes.
By Semi Malaki, Tuvalu Red Cross, and Rosemarie North, IFRC.
When Tropical Cyclone Pam bore down on the Pacific island nation of Tuvalu, more than 300 people on the country’s three northern islands had to evacuate from their homes when high winds and huge waves hurled sand, boulders and debris across tiny atolls and islets.
At its highest point, Tuvalu is only 4.6 meters (15 ft) above sea level, making it highly vulnerable to climatic events such as tropical storms.
FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA
• TC MAYSAK's centre passed north of Fais, Ulithi and Yap Island (Micronesia) on 31 March. Strong winds and heavy rainfall affected the Yap Islands with 91mm measured in 24h. Media report nearly total destruction of the infrastructure on Fais and Ulithi atolls, including contamination of drinking water on Fais, and damage also on Yap, as of 1 April.
Manila, Philippines (1 April 2015) – Typhoon Maysak (local name: Typhoon Chedeng) was last located at 1,410 kilometer east of Philippines carrying wind speeds of 175kph. Typhoon Maysak is due to make landfall in the Philippines at the weekend, while most people in the country are enjoying the Easter holidays.
- Long term rebuilding and restructuring of the Ministry (MLFFB)
- Fishing gear (boats, nets etc)
- Food rations for boarding schools
- Animal welfare support (animal feed, water, shelter)
Moving northward from the Pacific, Typhoon Maysak continues to make its way towards the Philippines as a Category 4 cyclone. As of 11:00 am today, 1 April 2015, the eye of the storm was located at 1,280 km east of Guiuan, Eastern Samar, with maximum sustained winds up to 250 kph near the centre and wind gusts projected up to 310 kph1 .
MANILA, 1 April 2015 – The Philippines is bracing for Super Typhoon Maysak (local name Chedeng) as it enters the country’s area of responsibility this Lenten week.
According to latest reports, Maysak is located at 1,280 km east of Guiuan, Eastern Samar (10.7°N, 137.4°E). It has maximum sustained winds of 215 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 250 kph. (PAG-ASA Weather Advisory, 1 April 2015).
Maysak is expected to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility in the morning of 2 April, Thursday. Its present course indicates a landfall over the Eastern Bicol region.
Pacific Island Countries
The Pacific is one of the most disaster-prone regions on earth. Climate change is contributing to tropical cyclones, floods, drought and rising sea levels which have resulted in chronic emergency conditions and in an increase in intensity and frequency of acute emergencies. It has also rendered the people of the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) vulnerable to the impacts of natural disasters, especially the poor, who are more exposed, thus less able to reduce risk and to recover from disasters.
The first round of Government-led, harmonized assessments will return by 2 April and will be used to identify residual humanitarian priorities and gaps in life-saving assistance, as well as early recovery needs. The second and final round of assessments will be deployed around 6 April.
As of 1 April, assessments show that Tropical Cyclone Pam destroyed 96 per cent of crops, leaving people with no alternative food stocks.
On Friday, 27 March 2015, a tropical depression was noted forming in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), near Pohnpei state and the national capital in Palikir. The storm continued gathering strength and developed into a strong and dangerous typhoon – Typhoon Maysak – which has since been upgraded to a Super Typhoon.
This is an OCHA Flash Update on Typhoon Maysak.
By Sam Bolitho
Tropical Cyclone Pam was one of the worst cyclones on record but there were very few casualties
Aid agencies have described Tropical Cyclone Pam as one of the worst disasters to ever hit the Pacific region.
Packing winds of up to 250 kilometres per hour, the category-five system caused widespread devastation in Vanuatu's southern provinces of Shefa and Tafea.
Around 75,000 people were left in need of emergency shelter, and 96 per cent of food crops were destroyed.
The Fiji Response Team operating from Port Vila in Vanuatu has sent a team of health officials to assist local health practitioners in Tanna Island in the province of Tafea.
Led by Dr. Luke Nasedra and Dr. Mark Rokobuili of the Ministry of Health, the team will assist in meeting a high demand for health services in the aftermath of Cyclone Pam.
On March 30, 2015, Governor Johnson Elimo declared a state of emergency due to damage by Typhoon Maysak, including 5 deaths, extensive damage to private and public properties including schools, health facilities, public utilities, private residences, and the sinking of several fishing, passenger and dive ships. Typhoon Maysak is currently a category 2 storm while going through the outer islands of Chuuk and is expected to rise to category 3 tomorrow.
It's now two weeks since Cyclone Pam ripped through Vanuatu, destroying homes and vital infrastructure. With an estimated 166,000 people in need of assistance, it is one of the most destructive storms the region has ever seen.
With support from Caritas Australia, the Diocese of Port Vila is leading the Church’s disaster response efforts. Shelter, food and water are major priorities and a number of churches are being used as evacuation centres.
Disaster event details
• Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam Category 5 hit Tafea Province around 5.00am Saturday 14 March lasted 9 hours, until 2pm.
• Winds came first from the east then shifted north and finally from the west
• Winds began easing from 2.00pm Saturday 14 March 2015
• Rough seas with waves in excess of 10m persisted for the duration of the event and for the next 24 hours.
General situation update: Tuesday 1st April 2015
Sally Page works for Save the Children New Zealand and has just returned from Port Vila, Vanuatu.
It is with mixed emotions that I board the Auckland-bound plane from Vanuatu.
I have been here for a week assisting Save the Children, an organisation that has been working in this Pacific nation for 25 years.
Which means it knows its stuff, knows what’s needed in the wake of Cyclone Pam and has the utmost respect of the local community.