On 2 October 2015, a Ministerial meeting was convened at UNHCR Headquarters in Geneva to discuss the state of implementation of the Comprehensive Solutions Strategy for Rwandan Refugees and to review key issues and the way forward in bringing the strategy to its conclusion.
The Annual Report is prepared by the Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA)--collectively known as the World Bank--in accordance with the by-laws of the two institutions. The President of the IBRD and IDA and the Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors submits the Report, together with the accompanying administrative budgets and audited financial statements, to the Board of Governors.
1 . The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2211 (2015), in which the Council requested me to report on the implementation of the commitments under the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region.1 It covers developments since the issuance of my report of 13 March 2015 (S/2015/173) and provides information on peace and security developments in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Great Lakes region until 15 September 2015.
II. Recent developments
Alert in Lake Chad basin (Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad): Upsurge of cholera cases in Kaduna and Borno states
The number of cholera cases is increasing in last 3 weeks (w35-37) in the two most active basins (Congo River and Lake Chad basins). Cholera is spreading through camps sheltering displaced people in Maiduguri, capital of northern Nigeria’s Borno state. In the five days up to 15 September, 187 patients were admitted to MSF’s centre, two-thirds of them in a serious state.
Population of concern
A total of 34,401 people of concern
USD 20,567,209 requested
La FIDH, l’OCDH et les organisations membres de la coalition #MonVoteDoitCompter alertent sur la tentative de coup d’État constitutionnel que constitue la tenue imminente d’un référendum pour décider d’un « changement » de la Constitution en vigueur en République du Congo, annoncé par le président, Denis Sassou Nguesso, lors de son allocution radio-télévisée, du 22 septembre dernier.
Since 2013, CAR has been suffering a devastating humanitarian crisis forcing more than 1 million people to flee their homes. More than half of the population – 2,7 million people – are in need of aid. 20% are displaced within or outside the country. About 378,000 people are still internally displaced (IDPs) including over 27,000 in Bangui still living in 30 makeshift camps and other sites.
Switzerland - Through two and a half weeks of September, IOM teams have recorded total arrivals to Europe by sea in 2015 at 473,887 men, women and children. At least 182,000 of those migrants have arrived from Syria—making Syrians just under 40 per cent of this year’s total. In 2014, Syrians comprised between 25 per cent and 33 per cent of those entering Europe by sea.
UNODC launches strategy against human trafficking and migrant smuggling in West and Central Africa
7 September, 2015 - UNODC recently launched its Regional Strategy for Combating Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants in West and Central Africa. With these two regions considered points of origin, transit and destination for victims of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants, the new Regional Strategy aims to assist the affected countries in dismantling the criminal networks while at the same time protecting the victims of these crimes.
Regional Situation Analysis
In the month of August, new CAR refugees have been registered in the neighbouring amounting to a total of 476,076. At the same time, the situation of internal displacement has seen a decrease in the number of IDPs (368,859).
- Pakistan launched a nationwide polio campaign this week to vaccinate more than 35 million children in 163 districts of the country. Approximately 200,000 polio workers are participating in the polio campaign, during which Vitamin A will also be distributed.
- Food stocks are stretched and WFP requires immediate contributions to meet the needs of vulnerable people in Burundi as well as new arrivals and existing refugees in the four countries. In particular, the Burundi and Rwanda operations risk critical pipeline breaks in the coming months.
BERTOUA/DAKAR, 15 septembre 2015 (IRIN) - Les tentatives de réconciliation en République centrafricaine (RCA) risquent d’être anéanties si les réfugiés qui ont fui vers les pays voisins après le coup d’Etat de 2013 ne sont pas en mesure de participer au scrutin présidentiel, présenté comme une étape majeure de la construction de la paix.
Quelque 470 000 Centrafricains, soit environ 10 pour cent de la population, vivent en tant que réfugiés au Cameroun, au Tchad, au Congo-Brazzaville et en République démocratique du Congo (RDC).
By Monde Kingsley Nfor and Jennifer Lazuta
BERTOUA/DAKAR, 14 September 2015 (IRIN) - Attempts to foster reconciliation in Central African Republic could be derailed if refugees who fled to neighbouring states after a 2013 coup are unable to cast votes in the upcoming presidential election, billed as a major peacebuilding milestone. Around 470,000 Central Africans, some 10 percent of the population, live as refugees in Cameroon, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Last month, violent clashes erupted in the Central African Republic (CAR) after the killing and beheading of a 19-year-old Muslim in Bambari, allegedly by members of the Christian and animist militias known as the anti-Balaka. One year after African Union efforts in CAR were rolled into a United Nations mission, sectarian violence remains common, pointing to the urgent need for reforms to ensure stability ahead of general elections in October this year.
A case of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (VDPV2) has been reported with onset of paralysis on 20 July 2015 in Bamako city, Mali. The virus was isolated from a 19-month old boy of Guinean nationality. The closest genetic match to this case is from a case from Kankan, Guinea, with onset of paralysis on 30 August 2014. The genetic changes suggest that the cVDPV2 has been circulating for more than 12 months. Discussions are currently ongoing with national health authorities to plan and implement an urgent outbreak response.
What is Social Protection?
Social Protection consists of policies and programmes designed to protect people from shocks and stresses throughout their lives. It plays a critical role in reducing poverty and inequality and in supporting inclusive growth. At a minimum, social protection systems include safety nets, labour market policies, insurance options and basic social services, as in education, health and nutrition. The components of social protection are often underpinned by rights and legislation.