UNICEF sector leads in WASH, Education, Nutrition and Child Protection Working Group provided leadership in developing the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for Syria which will officially be launched in December 2014. The humanitarian response articulated in SRP is within the framework of the Whole of Syria approach, which is bringing together humanitarian actors working from inside Syria or neighbouring countries for the first time, aimed at increasing the overall effectiveness of the response.
BERLIN – As part of the United Nations launch of the Syria Strategic Response Plan and the Regional Refugee and Resilience plan for 2015, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) appealed today in Berlin for close to US$1.5 billion in 2015 to feed over 6.5 million Syrians displaced inside their country and sheltering in neighbouring countries.
The Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) brings together the plans developed under the leadership of national authorities - namely, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Iraq, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Lebanese Republic, and the Republic of Turkey – to ensure protection, humanitarian assistance and strengthen resilience.
Statement by Maria Calivis, UNICEF Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa on the Launch of the 2015 Strategic Response Plan for Syria (SRP) and the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) 2015-16
Amman, December 18, 2014: “The Syria crisis represents the biggest threat to children of recent times. By the end of 2015, the lives of over 8.6 million children across the region will have been torn apart by violence and forced displacement. That compares to a figure of 7 million just one month ago.
As of 20 November, following a decision by the Cabinet, registered Syrian refugees in Jordan are no longer entitled to access free health services at Ministry of Health facilities. Syrian refugees are now charged the same fees as uninsured Jordanians. Whilst these fees are low, they are expected to increase hardship for many vulnerable refugees. UNHCR has been closely following up with the government and other agencies, and adopted a temporary assistance policy on 26 November to mitigate the immediate effects of the cessation of free health services.
BERLIN (18 December 2014) – As Syria’s war heads towards a fifth year, the United Nations and partners today launched a major new humanitarian and development appeal, requesting over US$8.4 billion in funds to help nearly 18 million people in Syria and across the region in 2015.
The appeal includes two main elements: support for over 12 million displaced and conflict-affected people inside Syria, and addressing the needs of the millions of Syrian refugees in the region and the countries and communities hosting them.
By decision of Development Minister Sirpa Paatero on 17 December, in the last distribution of funds for humanitarian assistance, Finland has granted 13.5 million euros to long-lasting and underfunded crises. The support is awarded to Finn Church Aid and UN organizations. The decision brings Finland’s humanitarian assistance this year to 105.7 million euros. This is a record-high amount for Finland, which indicates the extent of the world’s crises.
UNICEF has received 64% of funding against the Syria SHARP and sub-regional RRP6 appeals for 2014, Turkey remains the most under-funded country with a 50% funding gap against the appeal. UNICEF in Syria has a funding gap of over 40%. Education remains the least funded sector with only 50% of funds received in the year to date.
To protect children and their families against the eects of winter 217,600 clothing kits for most vulnerable IDPs are being distributed in Syria. Across the countries hosting Syrian refugees 625,000 children have received warm winter clothes or vouchers.
16 December 2014 – Having raised $88 million in a 10-day global fundraising effort, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today said its funding for December 2014 was secure and the agency could resume providing food assistance through electronic vouchers to 1.7 million refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Turkey.
As conflict continues in Syria, millions of people are in desperate need of assistance. The UK has committed £700 million of support in response to the humanitarian crisis, including food, medical care and relief items for over a million people in Syria and the region.
UN Security Council Resolution 2139
On 22 February 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2139 which, among other aspects demands all parties that allow rapid, safe and unhindered access by UN humanitarian agencies and their implementing partners to people in need. Humanitarian assistance is to be delivered through the most direct routes whether across borders or across conflict lines.
UN Security Council Resolution 2165
On 14 July 2014, the Security Council adopted Resolution 2165 which, among other aspects, allows the UN and its implementing partners to use routes across conflict lines and the Turkey | Syria border crossings of Bab al-Salam and Bab al-Hawa to ensure that humanitarian assistance, including medical and surgical supplies, reaches people in need throughout Syria through the most direct routes.
15 December 2014 – As part of the strategic efforts to provide health and humanitarian services to the Syrian populations in need, more than 198 000 people have benefited from WHO in 2014 through local partner nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) engaged by the Organization to facilitate access to Syrians in needs. Eighty-three percent (83%) benefited from primary health care services, 13% from other supports (blood tests, ultra sound, CT scan, etc.) while 3% benefited from secondary care services and 1% from tertiary care services provided by WHO through the NGOs.
Regional activity highlights
UNFPA commemorated the International Day for the Elimination of the Violence against Women on 25 November and called on all partners to continue exerting efforts to protect Syrian women and girls of reproductive age, to end gender inequality and the impunity that allows violence and human suffering to continue on such a widespread scale and to ensure safety and justice in the region.