Aggregate regional cereal production is expected to be above average in 2016/17, contributing to generally stable supply and prices. Regional maize and rice production reached record high levels.
Areas experiencing below average production include import-dependent Gambia, Liberia, and Mauritania. While national-level production in Nigeria is expected to reach record-high levels, production in conflict affected Northeastern Nigeria (Borno States) is expected to be well below average, but slightly above 2015/16 levels.
(Dakar, le 7 décembre 2016): Les Nations Unies et les organisations non-gouvernementales partenaires ont lancé aujourd’hui, à Dakar, un appel de fonds d’un total de 2,66 milliards de dollars US afin d’apporter une aide d’urgence à 15 millions de personnes dans le besoin à travers huit pays de la région du Sahel.
Immense challenges face 150 million people across the Sahel. These include violent extremism, climate change and abject poverty, and a fourth – the demographic explosion that will see the region’s population double in the next twenty years – exacerbates the situation still further. Concerted action in terms of peace and security, trade, development, human rights and humanitarian action are required to help the region’s communities and their governments avert greater insecurity, poverty and migration, and instead reach a more stable and prosperous future.
Lorsqu’une communauté est frappée par une catastrophe ou lorsqu’une crise survient, il faut réagir vite a fin de protéger ses moyens d’existence. Quand ceux-ci sont principalement agricoles, ce qui est le cas de 70 à 80 pour cent des personnes dans les pays en développement, c’est alors la survie même des populations qui est en jeu.
Les appels et plans de réponse dans 33 pays visent à aider 93 millions de personnes
For 2017, humanitarian partners will require $22.2 billion to meet the needs of 92.8 million people in 33 countries. The initial appeal for 2016 stood at $20.1 billion to meet the needs of 87.6 million people in 37 countries. This is in stark contrast to the $2.7 billion called for in the first six inter-agency humanitarian appeals launched in 1992. The last quarter century has seen an overwhelming shift in frequency, scale and magnitude of humanitarian emergencies.
Senegal - En partenariat avec le gouvernement sénégalais, l’OIM organisera, demain, un exercice de simulation de déplacement à Dagana, dans la région de St. Louis, à la frontière avec la Mauritanie.
Le but de l’exercice est de préparer les participants à une situation de crise à la frontière en favorisant la coopération et la communication entre les communautés frontalières, les autorités administratives, les forces de sécurité et les fournisseurs de services de santé et d’urgence. Quelque 500 personnes devraient participer.
As of 30 November 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $11.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $10.7 billion.
The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena). Migrants, mostly from different sub-Saharan countries and West Africa in particular, travel long distances often facing harsh conditions and spending lots of money to reach their final destination.
Most of the migrants are believed to travel through the capital city, Bamako, to the strategically located town of Gao and Benena border, before heading towards Algeria, Niger or Libya, and finaly reach Europe for some of them.
It’s a bright and sunny morning in Soutouta, a remote village located in Goudiry, in Eastern Senegal. Usually calm at that time of the day, the public square of the village is now bustling and full of people, all waiting patiently in line for their food vouchers.
“Last year’s harvest was very poor. This year, it is even worse,” said Dialang Gassama, a woman living in Soutouta. “We sowed much but harvested almost nothing.”
Les plus graves niveaux d’insécurité alimentaire persisteront dans le nord-est du Nigeria
Rice, millet, sorghum, and maize are the primary staple foods in Senegal. Groundnuts are both an important source of protein and a commonly grown cash crop. Imported rice is consumed daily by the vast majority of households in Senegal particularly in Dakar and Touba urban centers. Local rice is produced and consumed in the Senegal River Valley. St. Louis is a major market for the Senegal River Valley. Millet is consumed in central regions where Kaolack is the most important regional market. Maize is produced and consumed in areas around Kaolack, Tambacounda, and the Senegal River Valley.
West Africa can be divided into three agro-ecological zones or three different trade basins (West Basin, Central Basin and East Basin). Both important for understanding market behavior and dynamics.
159,427 Sea arrivals Jan-Oct 2016
140,987 Sea arrivals Jan-Oct 2015
Between 1 January and 31 October 2016, 24,902 children arrived to Italy by sea: 91% of children arrived unaccompanied (22,772). UASC account for some 14% of all sea arrivals in the above period, an increase of around 110% compared to the same period of 2015.