La soudure pastorale précoce menace les revenus des éleveurs au nord du pays
• Les marchés restent suffisamment approvisionnés malgré la baisse de la production de céréales de 37 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne. Les stocks bien que faibles par rapport à une année moyenne réduisent comme d’habitude la dépendance des ménages aux marchés en cette période.
Libya - In what is hoped will be the first of many evacuations of stranded third country nationals in the coming weeks, IOM today organized the successful departure of 133 Senegalese men from the Karareem reception center in Misrata, Libya, and their flight home from Tunisia.
The evacuees are part of a group of 401 Senegalese IOM plans to return to their homeland over the next week, and perhaps the first of thousands who will be able to leave Libya safely after months of waiting.
Pearl millet, a key staple crop in the African Sahel region, is particularly important to the food security of smallholder farmers. Yet virtually all of West Africa’s 3.9 million farmers still rely on basic hand tools to process this crop into edible flour, resulting in post-harvest losses of up to 20 percent. Without proper mechanized tools, women – who make up the majority of pearl millet producers – toil under inefficient, labor-intensive conditions.
Rice, millet, sorghum, and maize are the primary staple foods in Senegal. Groundnuts are both an important source of protein and a commonly grown cash crop. Imported rice is consumed daily by the vast majority of households in Senegal particularly in Dakar and Touba urban centers. Local rice is produced and consumed in the Senegal River Valley. St. Louis is a major market for the Senegal River Valley. Millet is consumed in central regions where Kaolack is the most important regional market. Maize is produced and consumed in areas around Kaolack, Tambacounda, and the Senegal River Valley.
I. Executive Summary
A total of 99 new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) were reported in the week to 22 February. Guinea reported 35 new confirmed cases. Cases continue to arise from unknown chains of transmission.
IDPs Begin to Return Home
Displaced populations in the country’s western Olodio locality and other areas are gradually returning to their villages despite lingering insecurity. Some 3,000 people fled their homes following armed attacks on Dahioké, Grabo and Irato areas in January. Humanitarian actors are assessing the possibility of food distributions in communities of return.
Snapshot 18-24 February 2015
Myanmar: 90,000 people are now reported to have been displaced by continuing violence between government troops and multiple armed groups in Kokang, Shan state. Aid organisations have been subject to attack – seven people were wounded in two separate incidents.
Why an assessment of the right to food in West Africa?
As of 17 February 2015, a total of 22 332 EVD cases including 9 436 deaths have been report-ed from six West African coun-tries (Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nige-ria, Senegal and Sierra Leone)
996 cases including 508 deaths were reported among healthcare workers.
WHO declared end of Ebola out-break in Mali, Nigeria, and Sene-gal.
IFRC’s Ebola strategic framework is organised around 5 outcomes:
The epidemic is stopped
National Societies have better Ebola preparedness and stronger long term capacities
IFRC operations are well coordinated
Safe and Dignified Burials (SDB) are effectively carried out by all actors
Recovery of community life and livelihoods
Italy - A team of IOM staffers has been able to interview dozens of this week’s arrivals from Libya, mostly African migrants.
In February 2015 IOM has recorded the arrival in Italy of some 4,300 migrants - 3,800 from Friday 13th to Tuesday 17th. The majority of these migrants are sub-Saharan Africans, although in the last 24 hours IOM staffers have reported that they also include Syrians and Eritreans.
Migrants have been rescued and brought to the ports of Lampedusa, Pozzallo, Augusta, Porto Empedocle, Trapani (Sicily) and to Calabria on the mainland.
Epidemic prone diseases remain to be serious public health threats to Mem- ber States in the African region. In response to these threats, Member States through the adoption and implementation of the Integrated Diseases Surveil- lance and Response Strategy and the International Health Regulations, con- tinue to strengthen their public health emergency response systems and struc- tures. In this issue, a summary of acute public health events that occurred dur- ing the course of 2014 is provided
In this issue:
Executive summary The West Africa Ebola outbreak is the largest Ebola outbreak in history, both in terms of case loads and geographical spread. Since the first cases were confirmed in March 2014, National Red Cross Societies in affected countries have taken a lead role, complementing their national health systems with support from the membership of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
Mediation Can Prevent, Resolve Natural Resources Disputes New UN Guide Launched
Drawing on decades of experience in the field of mediation of natural resource conflicts, the Guide provides best practices and strategies for mediating different types of resource conflicts.
A total of 128 new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) were reported in the week to 15 February. Guinea reported 52 new confirmed cases – a decrease from the previous week, and the first week-to-week decline since January 25. Transmission remains widespread in Sierra Leone, with 74 new confirmed cases, and is most intense in the capital, Freetown, which reported 45 confirmed cases. Liberia reported 2 new confirmed cases in the 4 days to 12 February.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Snapshot 11–17 February 2015
Myanmar: Fighting between the Myanmar army and the MNDAA, an insurgent group in the Kokang area of Shan state, displaced tens of thousands of people. Some fled into central Myanmar, while between 30,000 and 50,000 are thought to have crossed into Nansan, Yunnan province, China.