Update on the dengue situation in the Western Pacific Region
The cumulative number of reported dengue cases in 2014 was 47,331. This is about ten times and eighty times higher compared with the number in 2013 and 2012 respectively due to the dengue outbreak in Guangdong in end of 2014. In January 2015, 19 dengue cases were reported. This number is one-tenth of the previous month (December 2015), and almost the same as the same period in 2013 and 2012 (Figure 1).
Lower Mekong Economies Risk Losing $34 Billion Per Year from Climate Change: USAID Report
Vientiane, 22 January 2015 – The Government of Norway today renews its support to assist the UXO Sector in Lao PDR with a contribution of 6,000,000 NOK (approximately US$886,132) in support of UXO Lao’s operational capacity to clear Confirmed Hazardous Areas (CHA). These funds will be received through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and covers the period 1st October 2014 to 30th September 2015.
By Terri O'Quinn
The first batch of USDA food contribution for 2015-2017 to WFP School Meals Programme has arrived in Vientiane. The SuperCereal and vitamin-enriched vegetable oil will be transported to over 1,500 village schools, including the remotest areas of Laos, for community cooks to prepare a daily mid-morning snack for pre-primary and primary students. The nutritious snack encourages students to come to school, reduces hunger and helps the students concentrate in classes.
Contents: 45 Maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination: validation surveys in Lao People’s Democratic Republic, December 2013
45 Élimination du tétanos maternel et néonatal: enquêtes de validation en République démocratique populaire lao, décembre 2013
523,592 Refugees and asylumseekers 2,361 Identified unaccompanied minors 1,393,736 Stateless persons 20,000 Estimated irregular maritime departures in 2014
Population of concern
A total of 2.7 million people of concern including 1.4 million stateless and over 700,000 internally displaced.
The cumulative number of reported dengue cases in 2014 was 47,331. This is about ten times and eighty times higher compared with the number in 2013 and 2012 respectively due to the dengue outbreak in Guangdong in end of 2014. In December 2014, 180 dengue cases were reported. Although this number is lower compared to the previous month (November 2014), it is still higher than in the same period in 2013 and 2012 (Figure 1).
NATURAL DISASTERS AND CONFLICTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC
FEWER LIVES LOST
In 2014, Asia and the Pacific experienced 126 natural disasters, which affected a total of 85 million people. Significantly, casualties were a quarter of what they were in 2013, with nearly 4,000 people killed by disasters in the region. Floods and landslides were the primary causes of death according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
· During Q4-2014, FAO’s global cereal price index decreased by 7% year-on-year, but on average, it remained at the level of the previous quarter.
· Real prices of maize have fallen by 14% since Q4-2013. They are up 1% from Q3-2014 after the low in September/October.
· On average, real prices of wheat remained constant between Q3 and Q4-2014. Global wheat supplies for 2014/15 are up thanks to increased production and beginning stocks; thus price levels in Q4-2014 are 17% lower than a year ago.
Forty years after the end of the Vietnam War, cluster bombs and other explosives leftover from the war continue to claim, on average, one new victim a week in Laos. Laos was not fighting in the Vietnam War, but the U.S. conducted about 600,000 bombing missions over the country, with an aim to cut supply lines to North Vietnam. As a result, Laos is the most heavily cluster-bomb polluted country on earth.
Update on the dengue situation in the Western Pacific Region
China (No new update)
From 9 to 15 December 2014, Guangdong Province reported 44 new cases of laboratory-confirmed and clinically diagnosed dengue, 42.1% fewer than the number of cases reported in the previous week (76 cases). As of 15 December, the province reported 45,171 laboratory-confirmed and clinical cases of dengue from 20 cities.
In this Issue
- Arab States-Egypt, Somalia
- Europe & Central Asia-Azerbaijan
- Latin America & Caribbean-Honduras
- New Project Videos
- Pakistan: A Journey Through the Glaciers
- Tokelau: Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change-Vital Health
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources: