Countries and territories reporting mosquito-borne Zika virus infections for the first time in the past week:
Countries and territories reporting microcephaly and other central nervous system (CNS) malformations potentially associated with Zika virus infection for the first time in the past week:
Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and Haiti
Update on the Dengue situation in the Western Pacific Region
As of 31 July 2016, there were 237 cases of dengue reported in China in 2016. This number is lower than the number of cases reported in the same period of the previous four years (2012-2015).
The report summarizes the technical content of the workshop, highlights key principles, lessons and way forward. The workshop was jointly organized by UNICEF and the SUN Movement Secretariat, aimed to accelerate the efforts of Asian countries in the SUN movement to increase the dialogue and alignment among sectors by reporting on multi-sectoral nutrition budgets and costs of multi-sectoral nutrition plans, addressing the issue of decentralized public finance, and contributing to making the investment case for nutrition.
• TC DIANMU made landfall on 18 August in Guangdong (China) as a Tropical Storm; then it reached northern Vietnam on 19 August morning.
• As of 19 August morning, media reported 40 000 people evacuated and 200 houses damaged in Hainan province (China), one dead and at least 360 people evacuated in northern Vietnam.
Tropical Cyclone DIANMU made landfall on 18 August early morning (UTC) in Guangdong (China) as a Tropical Storm continued moving east slightly strengthening. As of 19 August early morning (UTC), about 40 000 people are reported to have been evacuated and 200 houses have been damaged in Hainan province (China).
On 19 August at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located approx. 75 km south-east of Hai Phong city and 200 km south-east of the capital Hanoi. It had max. sustained winds speed of 74 km/h (tropical storm).
Since being accredited as a demining operator in 2006, Handicap International has cleared more than 25,000 unexploded ordnances (UXO) in Laos, the most heavily bombed country, per capita, on earth. Leonard Kaminski, the New Zealand-born chief of operations for Handicap International’s demining program in Laos, answers questions about Laos' UXO problem and the organization’s efforts to clear these weapons.
What is the general situation of UXO pollution in Laos?
Tropical Cyclone ELEVEN-16 formed over the North West Pacific Ocean in the South China Sea approx. 120 km south of the coast of Guandong province (China) on 17 August. It then started moving west as Tropical Storm.It is expected to make landfall on 18 August at 8.00 UTC near Yinglizhen city (Guangdong province) with a max. sustained winds speed of approx. 46 - 56 km/h (Tropical depression).
Syria - Conflict
Continous rain has triggered flood and flashflood in several areas in Xayabuly, Oudomxay and Luangprabang Provinces.
As of August 12th, 4,977 people in 22 villages in Xayabuly and Luangprabang were reportedly affected. In Oudomxay, the assessment is ongoing.
Cost of damage in Xayabuly Province is estimated to be USD 50,000.
Form 1 has been submitted by the Social Welfare Department, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare to the AHA Centre.
The country office is establishing call centres for the collection of distribution data, as part of the new Monitoring and Evaluation strategy.
WFP is discussing a new partnership with the Lao Statistics Bureau for the establishment of a national food security monitoring system.
WFP and the Ministry of Education and Sports have initiated discussions on a hand-over strategy of the school meals programme by 2022.
520,000 # of children affected out of 2,000,000 # of people affected
600,000 # Hectares of crop damaged
1,750,000 # people lost incomes
52 (18 most affected) # provinces affected out of Government-One UN Joint Emergency Response Plan 2016:
UN funds received: $12.0 million
UNICEF funds received: US$4 million
Funding gap: US$32.5 million
Vientiane, Lao PDR, 11 August 2016–The Swiss government, through its Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), has granted more than US$7 million to the Mekong River Commission to implement its overall work, which covers areas such as climate change and adaptation, flood and drought management; and sustainable hydropower.
The financial agreement was signed by Tim Enderlin, SDC’s Director of Cooperation Laos and the Mekong Region, and Pham Tuan Phan, Chief Executive Officer of the MRC Secretariat, at a ceremony in Vientiane.
There is agreement in the scientific community that the global food system will experience unprecedented pressure in the coming decades – demographic changes, urban growth, environmental degradation, increasing disaster risk, food price volatility, and climate change will all affect food security patterns.
In 2015, 12.6 per cent of Viet Nam’s population lived in malaria-endemic areas. Considerable progress has been made in decreasing overall rates of malaria and malaria-related deaths. However, there are some worrying trends, with noted slower progress in reducing malaria-related admissions and deaths in 2013 and 2014. Also of concern is the increasing level of resistance to artemisinin, a key drug for combatting malaria.
China (No update)
As of 12 July 2016, there were 180 cases of dengue reported in China in 2016. This number is higher than the number of cases reported in the same period of the previous four years (2012-2015) (Figure 1).
365 Update on vaccine-derived polioviruses worldwide, January 2015–May 2016
375 Environmental isolation of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus after interruption of wild poliovirus transmission,
365 Le point sur les poliovirus dérivés de souches vaccinales détectés dans le monde, janvier 2015-mai 2016
375 Isolement de poliovirus circulants dérivés d’une souche vaccinale dans l’environnement après l’interruption de la transmission du poliovirus sauvage,
As of 3 August 2016, 68 countries and territories (Fig. 1, Table 1) have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2007 (65 of these countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2015):
51 countries and territories with a first reported outbreak from 2015 onwards (Table 1).
Four countries are classified as having possible endemic transmission or have reported evidence of local mosquito-borne Zika infections in 2016.
The El Niño 2015-16 in the Context of Past El Niños
The 2015/16 El Niño Event
An El Niño event was officially declared in March 2015, gaining in intensity until it reached its peak in December 2015. The event came to an end in May 2016, becoming one the strongest on record, together with the El Niños of 1982-83 and 1997-98.
During Q2-2016, FAO’s global cereal price index fell by 6 percent year-on-year but it is 3 percent up compared to Q1-2016. The increase is because of rising maize and rice prices. The FAO global food price index has increased and almost returned to the levels of June 2015 (-1%), because prices particularly for sugar and oil increased significantly.
The real price2 of wheat is 20 percent below Q2-2015.
This is because world supplies are at record levels thanks to increased production as well as beginning stocks.