The purpose of this funding envelope is to bolster existing emergency response capacity in light of increasing conflict displacement. Multiple partners already respond across the country to the needs of conflict IDPs, applications should be submitted to cover areas where gaps in capacity have been identified;
From 1 January to 30 April 2016, 117,976 individuals fled their homes due to conflict in Afghanistan. 24 of 34 provinces recorded some level of forced displacement. Constrained humanitarian access hinders assessments, thus preventing verification of the full extent of displacement and undermining the provision of assistance and services. Displacement affects all individuals differently, with needs, vulnerabilities and protection risks evolving over time due to exhaustion of coping mechanisms and overstretched emergency assistance.
• Escalated conflict in Kunduz led to wide scale displacement of 22,400 people
• WFP and humanitarian partners face extreme access constraints halting delivery of food to displaced families in Uruzgan
• IMC expands life-saving medical care to remote areas of Afghanistan
• Dangerous needs assessment mission provides information essential for effective humanitarian assistance
• CHF allocates US$20 million for acute humanitarian needs
In this issue
IN 2016, HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLANS (HRP) in the MENA region requested US$7 billion and received $1.12 billion. The largest recipient was Syria, with $428.4 million, followed by Yemen, Iraq and the occupied Palestinian territory. In total, MENA HRPs are 16% funded.
The SYRIA REGIONAL REFUGEE AND RESILIENCE PLAN (3RP) requested US$4.55 billion. The total amount received is $1.06 billion (23%), which leaves a total shortfall of $3.5 billion (77%).
In Afghanistan, 2015 was a year marked politically by the presidential elections, and subsequent drawn out processes that led to the formation of the national unity Government. It was the year in which Afghan security forces took full responsibility for the security and protection of the population. It was marked by the fall and capture of the city of Kunduz by the Taliban on 28 September, the subsequent devastating air strike on the MSF hospital, and a month later by a powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake in Badakhshan.
As of 30 April, global funding requirements to meet the needs of 89 million people across 39 countries through humanitarian response plans and appeals for 2016 amount to over US$20.3 billion. About $3.8 billion in funding has been received so far, leaving a shortfall of $16.5 billion. With the emergence of new humanitarian crises, global financial requirements have increased by around 2 per cent in the first trimester of the year.
1) Natural disaster events include avalanches, extreme winter conditions, flooding, heavy rainfall, landslides & mudflows, and heavy snowfall as recorded by OCHA field offices and IOM Afghanistan Humanitarian Assistance Database (HADB).
2) A natural disaster incident is defined as an event that has affected (i.e. impacted) Afghans, who may or may not require humanitarian assistance.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An Inter-Cluster Assessment Mission was conducted to Kurram Agency from 8 to 13 April 2016 to assess the situation in a sample of the 151 recently denotified villages. An estimated 12,000 families from Alisherzai,
Zemusht and Masozai tribes from Central Kurram are expected to return to these areas starting 20 April 2016.
The overall security situation is conducive for returns. The situation in the three tribes differed significantly.
Between 1 January and 31 March 2016, 90,119 individuals fled their homes due to conflict. 23 of 34 provinces had recorded some level of forced displacement. Constrained humanitarian access hinders assessments, thus preventing verification of the full extent of displacement and undermining the provision of assistance and services. Displacement affects all individuals differently with needs, vulnerabilities and protection risks evolving over time due to exhaustion of coping mechanisms and only basic emergency assistance provided following initial displacement.
This Flash Update focuses on the recent surge in conflict in Kunduz Province. However, it also includes information relating to conflict in Baghlan Province.
• Casualties of war treated by EMERGENCY at Lashkargah surgical centre continue to climb
• 89,000 displaced by conflict during first quarter of 2016 prompting the question: Is it time for a fundamental reassessment?
• Conflict displacement is a countrywide phenomenon
• FEWS NET March update
On 10 April at 14:59 local time a 6.6-magnitude earthquake occurred 39 kilometres (km) west by south-west of Ashkasham and 86 km south-east of the provincial capital of Fayzabad in Badakhshan Province, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS).
The earthquake epicentre was located in a remote and sparsely populated area of the province at a depth of 210 km. Those nearest to the epicentre in Badakhshan Province reported that the tremors were not as strong as those experienced during other recent earthquakes.
As at 31 March, the global funding requirements for humanitarian response plans and appeals for 2016 are over US$20.1 billion to meet the needs of 88.7 million people across 38 countries.
About $1.5 billion in funding has been received so far, leaving a shortfall of $18.6 billion. The outstanding pledges amount to over $124.4 million as reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS).
Most remaining IDPs are expected to return to FATA in 2016.
With over 1.5 million remain- ing registered Afghan refu- gees, Pakistan constitutes the world’s largest protracted refugee situation.
Female-headed households have more dif culty access- ing assistance due to a lack of documentation and cultural restrictions.
Displacement and natural disasters compound already high rates of food insecurity in Pakistan.