Sea arrivals to Greece reduced to an average of 13,500 per week in January, from 22,500 in December. Numbers fluctuate from 0-5,000 per day. Service provision becomes inadequate when high numbers of migrants arrive and when onward transport to the mainland is disrupted causing temporary build ups to occur. Similar issues occur at Idomeni, where there are recurrent border closures.
The conditions migrants find in Greece are still mostly inadequate, whilst conditions further along the route have improved.
Elizabeth DiCesare in Innovations in Humanitarian Aid
While refugee camps provide people with basic necessities such as shelter, food and clean water, many personal items are not provided, which can make hygiene difficult to maintain.
Arrivals and Departures: During the week of 1-7 February, the lowest rate of arrivals to the Greek Islands in 2016 was recorded.
Situation at Borders: In Greece, road blockages caused by public peaceful protests prevented people from traveling to the border crossing between Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
The number of Syrians coming to the EU from Turkey has decreased considerably in January, according to a German newspaper. More Iraqis and Afghans are fleeing to the bloc, but have slim chances of receiving asylum.
Nearly forty percent of migrants who entered the European Union (EU) in January do not have a realistic chance of getting asylum, the Sunday paper "Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung" (FAS) quoted a senior European Commission official as saying.
Over 15 million people have been displaced due to conflict in Syria and Iraq.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented at least 260,000 Syrians killed in the conflict since it began in 2011. The UN reported at least 26,600 Iraqis killed from 2014-2015 due to acts of terrorism and violence.
89% of Syrian and Iraqi refugees remain in the region.
13.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria, including 4.5 million people living in hard to reach areas.
Arrivals and Departures: The number of sea arrivals to Europe during the first four days of February 2016 has surpassed the total number of sea arrivals for the entire month of February 2015. In Greece, there was a noticeable decrease in the number arrivals from 3,299 on 3 February to 565 on 4 February, possibly due to deteriorating weather conditions.
Berlin, Germany | AFP | Friday 2/5/2016 - 13:04 GMT |
German authorities are struggling to process hundreds of thousands of asylum applications, the head of the country's refugee office admitted Friday, even though a record influx of migrants was finally slowing.
"Between 670,000 and 770,000 people who arrived in Germany in 2015 still had not received the final decision on their asylum applications" and a majority have not even been able to file their applications, said Frank-Juergen Weise, who heads the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.
Flow Monitoring: As of 02 February 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, and Slovenia had amassed interviews with over 3,765 migrants and asylum seekers, of which 406 people were interviewed over the week from 26 January-02 February. Individuals of Syrian, Afghan, Iraqi, Iranian and Pakistani nationalities comprised 94% of all respondents.
See sections on Greece and Italy for an update on the EU’s Relocations Plan.
H.E. Dr Christian Hellbach, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany and Sezin Sinanoglu, Resident Representative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the presence of Borislav Jezeraškić, Assistant Defence Minister of BiH, signed today the Grant Agreement for the second phase of Project EXPLODE, in the amount of 250,000 Euros.
LONDON – At the Supporting Syria and the Region conference today, the Executive Director of the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin, personally thanked German Chancellor Angela Merkel for her government’s landmark contribution to WFP of €570 million (US$623 million) from the German Federal Foreign Office (GFFO) and the Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
Arrivals and Departures: In the last nine days, arrivals to the Greek Islands stabilised with an average of 2,250 arrivals per day. According to the Turkish Coast Guard, a boat capsized off the coast of Turkey, at Seferihisar in Izmir province.
Berlin, Germany | AFP | Wednesday 2/3/2016 - 12:59 GMT
Berlin on Wednesday approved a package of measures aimed at making Germany less attractive to economic migrants, including reducing benefits.
The package, which is expected to see smooth passage through parliament, includes classifying Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria as "safe" origin countries -- a category which means their citizens would not usually gain asylum.
Arrivals and Departures: In Greece, there were over 60,500 arrivals in January 2016, compared to almost 1,700 arrivals in January 2015. The beginning of 2016 saw a record number of deaths, with the number of people who have died or gone missing trying to reach Europe by sea surging in January to over 344 people. On 1 February, the number of arrivals to Greece decreased to 1,244 compared to 2,105 the previous day despite improved weather conditions.
The Syria Recovery Trust Fund (SRTF) has been funding projects to provide essential services to people in Syria since 2013. Germany was a co-initiator of the Fund and is its second-largest donor. To date, over two million people in the country have benefited directly from SRTF projects, which have included the restoration of the power supply and food production.
Looking after the local population despite ongoing violence
The government said it believes large numbers of migrants are still attempting to enter the Nordic country. The move comes as IOM reported over 67,000 people crossing into the EU in January with an increase in minors.
Danish Immigration Minister Inger Stojberg said Tuesday that Denmark will extend border controls on its frontier with Germany for an additional 20 days to February 23 in a bid to quell migration.
GENEVA, 2 February 2016 – For the first time since the start of the refugee and migrant crisis in Europe, there are more children and women on the move than adult males, says UNICEF.
Arrivals and Departures: The Greek Islands, in particular Lesvos and Chios, became congested due to the combined effect of the extended ferry strike and continued arrivals linked to better weather conditions. Humanitarian actors, in coordination with relevant authorities, activated contingency measures at each location to expand accommodation capacity.
Following the end of the strike on 31 January, over 5,000 people departed from the islands to mainland Greece.
In a year marked by horrific attacks by armed extremists in Paris in January and November, and a deepening refugee crisis, the European Union and its member states struggled to develop an effective and principled response to the hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers and migrants who reached Europe. Narrow government interests too often displaced sound policy responses, delaying protection and shelter for vulnerable people and raising questions about the union’s purpose and limits.
Arrivals and Departures: As of 28 January, more than 50,000 people have arrived to Greek shores this year. Despite the number of arrivals to the Greek shores slightly increasing, no significant change was observed. Due to the ongoing ferry strike, departures from the islands to the mainland were delayed as compared to the regular schedule leading to over 7,000 people remaining on the islands.
Berlin, Germany | AFP | Friday 1/29/2016 - 10:18 GMT
Unknown assailants hurled a hand grenade at a shelter for asylum seekers in southern Germany on Friday but the device did not explode and no one was injured, police said.
The grenade was filled with explosives but it was not immediately clear whether it was equipped with a detonator, a police spokesman in the town of Villingen-Schwenningen said in a statement.