This summary examines the issue of unexploded
submunitions, introducing some definitions and offering ideas about why
these exist in thousands in regions emerging from war.
For this purpose, it examines the wars in
Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq in order to illustrate the proliferation of
these weapons and their effects in these particular conflicts. In addition,
it considers various solutions proposed by NGOs and reveals different points
of view from a panel of seven States.
With refugees among the most vulnerable and
most at risk of neglect, violence, forced military recruitment and sexual
assault and therefore requiring special assistance and care, this report
provides information on actions taken in respect of those concerns by UNHCR
and other members of the UN system.
The report was submitted pursuant to a request
by the Secretary-General to report at its fifty-eighth session on the implementation
of the present resolution and to give special attention in his report to
the girl-child refugee.
This report reviews progress achieved to date
under the mandate of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General
for Children and Armed Conflict and proposes a course of action for the
next three years.
The report is submitted in accordance with
section VII (d) of Assembly resolution 57/190 of 18 December 2002 by his
Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict.
This report draws lessons from country
case studies and a global review of emerging programming and policy issues
for enlisting the armed forces in reproductive health, including preventing
HIV/AIDS and promoting gender equity.
For this purpose, the report provides
a comparative analysis examining what does and what does not work in successful
programmes, identifies remaining challenges and opportunities and outlines
global changes in the military context relevant to future programming.
This document is intended to assist governments,
mine action professionals and others to develop national legislation to
coordinate and regulate "mine action" in a country affected by
landmines and/or unexploded ordnance (UXO). It identifies the principal
elements to be included in such a law and the issues which should be considered
in its preparation.
The information in this document is
based upon the conclusions and recommendations of A Study of National Mine
Action Legislation, published by the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian
Demining (GICHD) in 2003.