March saw thousands of people displaced in and from South Sudan due to clashes and conflict in multiple locations. In Eastern Equatoria, there was a significant spike in displacement, as people fled from Agoro, Umeo and Panyikwara into Magwi town, as well as from Magwi to Uganda, following additional troop deployments and clashes. Attacks were also reported in Loming, in Torit East, with homes razed forcing more people to flee. In Central Equatoria, tensions remained high around Yei, with multiple reports of attacks on civilians while attempting to carry food into town.
In February, the humanitarian situation continued to deteriorate, culminating in the declaration of localized famine in Mayendit and Leer Counties in Unity on 20 February. Some 100,000 people are facing starvation. and a further 1 million people are classified as being on the brink of famine across the country. There are now 4.9 million severely food insecure people in South Sudan and this number is expected to rise to 5.5 million at the height of the lean season in July.
March 2017 was a dangerous and deadly month for humanitarians in South Sudan. Seven aid workers were killed, including six murdered on 25 March in an ambush on the Juba-Pibor road and a health worker killed in an ambush in Yirol East on 14 March while responding to the cholera outbreak. In Upper Nile, a humanitarian was allegedly arrested and beaten by SPLA soldiers in Malakal town, while in Aburoc aid workers were threatened and beaten by iO officials.
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing famine or at risk of famine over the coming six months. UN agencies and humanitarian partners are ready to scale up the response to avert a catastrophe, but the necessary funds and access to do so are required immediately.
NIGERIA - EMERGENCY
An elevated risk of famine persists in the north-east. Some areas remain inaccessible to humanitarians, leaving affected people in life-threatening conditions.
SOUTH SUDAN - FAMINE
On 20 February, localized famine was declared in Leer and Mayendit counties, and food security experts estimated that some 5.5 million people would be severely food insecure by the height of the lean season in July. Over the course of the month, tens of thousands of people were displaced due to offensives in Upper Nile and Jonglei. In Upper Nile, an estimated 31,500 people were forced to flee continued advances by armed forces on the western bank of the River Nile. About 18,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) reportedly arrived in Kodok and over 13,500 in Aburoc, Fashoda County.
In February 2017, 70 humanitarian access incidents were reported in South Sudan. The incidents had a substantial impact on humanitarian operations, due to relocations of aid workers including from famine-affected Mayendit County, and suspension of operations in multiple locations. About 52 per cent of the reported incidents involved violence against humanitarian personnel and assets, as there was an increase in armed attacks (6% of 64 incidents in January vs 11% of 70 incidents in February).
$11 MILLION ALLOCATED FOR EQUATORIA PIPELINES RESPONSE
By the end of December 2016, more than 3.2 million people had been forced out of their homes, including more than 1.85 million internally displaced and 1.4 million seeking refuge in countries neighbouring South Sudan.
In January 2017, there was a reduction in the number of humanitarian access incidents reported (64) compared with December 2016 (77). However, the impact on humanitarian operations was substantial, due to relocations of aid workers and suspension of operations in multiple locations. About 53 per cent of incidents reported involved violence against humanitarian personnel or assets. During the month, there were nine incidents involving restrictions of movement within the county, representing a significant increase from December 2016 when there were three cases.
In January 2017, renewed fighting in Upper Nile and the Equatorias displaced thousands of civilians. In all, over 58,000 South Sudanese sought refuge in neighbouring Uganda in January alone, mainly from Yei, Morobo, Lainya and Kajo-Keji. In Western Equatoria, about 4,000 people fled to Yambio town and another 3,000 displaced to Makpandu, Rimenze Church and Kasia Boma following attacks on Bazungua, Bazumburo, Bodo, Gitikiri and Rimenze villages, north of Yambio town.
PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2016 6.1M
PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2016 5.1M
PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF Q3 2016 4.2M
By the end of November 2016, more than 3 million people had been forced out of their homes, including more than 1.85 million internally displaced and 1.3 million seeking refuge in countries neighbouring South Sudan.
During December, displacement was reported in Central Equatoria, Western Equatoria, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile and Unity. In Central Equatoria, new arrivals, mainly from Yei and Morobo, brought the number of displaced people in Kajo-Keji to more than 30,000 by the end of the month, while clashes in Tindalo area near Terekeka caused the local population to flee. In Western Equatoria, small-scale displacement was reported in and around Mundri East due to clashes in Kediba.
The number of humanitarian access incidents reported in December (77) was lower than in November (100), but remained above the average number of monthly incidents (75.6) reported in 2016. About 61 per cent of the reported incidents involved violence against humanitarian personnel or assets, while 27 per cent involved interference in implementation, the highest percentage in the year. The number of incidents in Unity substantially increased, with 15 reported in December compared to six in November.
In 2016, 908 humanitarian access incidents were reported by humanitarian partners in South Sudan, compared to 909 incidents in 2015 and 779 incidents in 2014. The number of humanitarian access incidents spiked significantly in the second half of 2016, increasing from an average of 63.5 incidents per month from January to June to 88 from July to December. Of the total incidents reported, 69 per cent involved violence against humanitarian personnel or assets, compared to 57 per cent in the previous year. Robbery, looting and threats or harassment were the most common incidents.