The Horn of Africa is facing one of the worst droughts in decades, leaving almost 12 million people in Ethiopia and Somalia in urgent need of food assistance. Extensive crop failures, record low vegetation coupled with livestock death and limited water resources are affecting Somalia and South and Eastern Ethiopia. CERF has released a total of $36.5 million to help 2.8 million people - more than 20% of the affected population - in Somalia and Ethiopia.
The humanitarian situation is deteriorating rapidly and famine continues to be possible in 2017. Humanitarian partners are scaling up the response in most affected areas. Food Security cluster partners have, for example, more than doubled the number of people reached with improved access to food to more than 1 million, up from 490,000 people reached in January.
Further scale-up of assistance is urgently required.
Data analyzed from various partner reports show that drought and conflict in the region has had a negative impact on families, with women and girls bearing a heavier brunt because of prevailing gender roles and practices. Women in parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya are struggling to keep their families alive amidst devastating drought caused by cyclical below-average rains. Conflict and displacement in the region has led to an increase of gender-based violence, especially among women and girls.
The drought situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating. Over 6.2 million people, more than half of the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance. Some 3 million people now need urgent life-saving assistance, compared to 1.1 million in September 2016. Without a massive and urgent scale up of humanitarian assistance, famine could soon be a reality in the worst drought-affected areas.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has deteriorated rapidly. Unless a massive and urgent scale up of humanitarian assistance takes place in the coming weeks, famine could soon be a reality in some of the worst drought- affected areas. The number of people in need has increased to 6.2 million - 50 per cent of the population - up from 5 million six months ago. In the worst drought-affected areas, poor rainfall and lack of water has wiped out crops and killed livestock, while communities are being forced to sell their assets, and borrow food and money to survive.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has become increasingly fragile. Some 5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, 1.1 million are acutely food insecure. Severe drought conditions are expanding across the country. (AWD)/Cholera outbreaks have been reported in some areas. To boost drought response, pooled funds have been released. Humanitarian partners are scaling up life-saving response to the most vulnerable people.
Humanitarian assistance continued across Somalia. In November, an estimated 466,100 people received food assistance, and more than 124,000 people were reached with activities aimed at building livelihoods. From August to November,1.8 million people received livelihood seasonal inputs such as seeds, tools, fishing equipment, irrigation vouchers and livestock distribution and vaccination. Between January and November, nearly 189,200 malnourished children under age of 5 were admitted into nutrition programmes.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has become increasingly fragile towards the end of 2016. Drought conditions in Puntland and Somaliland have deepened and spread to southern and central regions of the country. An estimated 5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Armed violence and withdrawal of international troops have led to a spike in displacement in southern and central Somalia. Access related constraints continue to impact timely delivery of humanitarian assistance.
Humanitarian response continues, albeit limited resources.
The humanitarian situation continues to be of serious concern. An estimated 5 million people, or over 40 per cent of the population, are now in need of life-saving and livelihoods assistance. Almost 1.1 million Somalis are internally displaced and another million are living as refugees in neighboring countries.
5 Million People in need
FOOD SECURITY SITUATION
Drought conditions, disease outbreaks, displacement, refugee returns and food insecurity continue to drive humanitarian needs in Somalia. An estimated 4.7 million people (38 per cent of the population) are in need of assistance.
AWD/ CHOLERA DECREASES
There has been a significant decline in Acute Watery Diarrhoea /cholera cases and deaths. Despite this, new cases were reported in parts of Belet Xawo, Bulo Burto, Belet Weyne, Janale, Qoryoley and Marka districts. This underscores the need to remain vigilant as gains are easily reversible.