Displacement from west Mosul continues to surge, reaching 382,000 displaced as of 25 April.
Over half of destroyed or heavily damaged sites in Mosul are residential.
Mandatory return orders halted in Anbar.
Military operations to retake western Anbar from ISIL could displace up to 60,000 people.
Over half of IHPF partners are now national NGOs
People fleeing Mosul hostilities exceed 500,000
Bridge crossings at Qayyarah and Nimrud were closed for much of the week due to flooding along the Tigris River, disrupting humanitarian operations.
This week, some aid services were also impacted by the temporary suspension of UN missions to western Mosul for four days due to security threats. This temporary suspension was lifted on 22 April.
Military operations to retake Mosul reached the six-month mark this week on 16 April, with the Government of Iraq reporting that as of 16 April a total of 323,000 people were displaced from western Mosul.
The cumulative number of IDPs since the beginning of the Mosul operation on 17 October 2016 reached 484,000 people as of 16 April, according to the government. The government reports that 91,000 individuals have returned to eastern Mosul, and around 393,000 people are currently displaced as of 16 April.
• Humanitarian needs in western Mosul remain high, with shortages of food and water being reported. Although some areas of western Mosul are accessible to humanitarian partners, regular water supply has been very severely impact by the conflict resulting in serious shortages of water supplies of acceptable quality.
• Since the start of the operation in western Mosul on 19 February, an estimated 275,000 displaced people have passed through the Hammam al Alil screening site as of 9 April, according to the Government of Iraq.
Since the start of the operation in western Mosul on 19 February, an estimated 235,700 displaced people have passed through the Hammam al-Alil screening site, according to figures received from the Government of Iraq.
• On 23 March, national and international media reported the death of a large number of civilians in the densely-populated neighborhood of Al Aghwat Al Jadidah in West Mosul. The cause and exact number of casualties have not yet been established.
• An estimated 220,000 people are currently displaced from West Mosul since 19 February 2017, according to figures received from the Government of Iraq.
172,000 flee Mosul for displacement sites as fighting reaches the Old City.
Returning communities face risks from explosive hazards and social tensions.
Transitional assistance needed in areas of Iraq outside of emergencies.
Damage to homes and lack of livelihood opportunities the biggest barrier to returning communities.
Sharp uptick in displacement as hostilities resume in western Mosul
Around 45,000 people from western Mosul were displaced during this reporting period due to military operations, marking an increase of more than 22 per cent from the previous week. In total, some 153,000 people are currently displaced from West Mosul, according to IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). OCHA’s reporting is based on DTM figures. There may be discrepancies between these and the figures reported by the Government of Iraq.
The week from 6 March to 12 March 2017 saw approximately 18,100 people displaced from western Mosul due to military operations. In total, approximately 69,000 people have been displaced from western Mosul into camps and emergency sites according to the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). According to the government figures, the total of West Mosul displaced stands at 92,035 people.
• The week from 27 February to 5 March 2017 saw approximately 42,000 people displaced; the highest continuous displacement since the Mosul crisis began on 17 October 2016, with 13,350 people displaced on 3 March alone. The vast majority of displacements this week were due to military operations in west Mosul, which resumed on 19 February.
On 19 February, Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) resumed military operations to retake western Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). There has been a significant increase in people displaced from western Mosul since ISF entered more densely populated neighbourhoods in the city’s south. As of 28 February, 176,566 people are currently displaced as a result of military operations in Mosul as a whole, signaling a new peak since hostilities began.
• Since military operations in western Mosul began on 19 February, approximately 8,000 people have fled from western Mosul and its surrounding villages to locations south of Mosul city. People arriving at these locations are often exhausted and dehydrated. Emergency kits of food and water have been distributed to 8,800 people in camps and emergency sites, in addition to distributions to displaced people moving to these locations.
Humanitarian partners have mobilised to respond to humanitarian needs resulting from new military operations in western Mosul city launched by Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) on 19 February. The initial humanitarian impact of these advances during the first few days of the offensive was not high, as security forces moved through sparsely populated hinterland areas where most civilians had already fled and due to the Iraqi Security Force’s (ISF) continued adherence to the humanitarian concept of operations.
• 750,000 people trapped in west Mosul in deteriorating conditions.
• Tens of thousands return home to east Mosul.
• 23,000 children resume education in east Mosul.
• Explosive hazards continue to pose risks in returnee communities.
# of people in need 11m
# of people targeted for assistance 6.2m
# of internally displaced persons (IDPs) 3m
# of IDPs who live outside camps 2.5m
# of affected ppl within host communities 3.2m # of returnees 1.5m
• As of 12 February, 152,448 individuals are currently displaced as a result of on-going fighting. Between 6 February and 12 February, the net number of people displaced reduced by 10,000 people. In total, since 17 October 2016, nearly 200,000 people have been displaced, of whom some 46,200 have returned to their places of origin.
As of 5 February 2017, approximately 162,000 people were living in displacement due to the Mosul emergency. Over 190,000 people have been cumulatively displaced, and 30,000 people have returned to their homes.
Food, water and fuel are scarce in western Mosul, leading to negative coping mechanisms. It is highly likely that the humanitarian situation will continue to deteriorate as commercial supply routes remain cut off and stocks cannot be replenished.
• On 29 January 2017, 161,208 people were living in displacement due to the Mosul emergency.
Since the crisis began, some 188,000 people have been accumulatively displaced, with nearly 30,000 returns having taken place.
• Significant shortages of drinking water remain the primary humanitarian concern in eastern Mosul city. Humanitarian partners are currently trucking 1,300 m³ of water per day, however this is only a stopgap measure to assist people until the water network is operational.
• As of 22 January 2017, 160,260 people were displaced by the Mosul crisis. This is a reduction from a peak of 162,042 people displaced on 18 January, following significant returns from Hasansham camp to areas of origin in different neighbourhoods of eastern Mosul city. This is the first time since the crisis began that the number of people displaced had dropped in absolute terms due to return movements.
• More than 148,000 people are currently displaced as a result of conflict in Mosul city that began on 17 October 2017, an increase of nearly 12,500 people in the last week. Some 16,500 returnees and hundreds of thousands of highly vulnerable residents in newly-accessible areas continue to require humanitarian assistance.