The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains complex with multiple, unpredictable and volatile dynamics impacting civilians. The pace of displacement, and return, is one of the fastest on recent record. Since military operations began in Mosul in October 2016, about 780,000 people have been displaced from their homes, including over 600,000 people who have been forced to flee from the western neighbourhoods of Mosul city alone.
In April, the number of people displaced from Mosul rose to over half a million, around a fifth of whom have returned to their homes in east Mosul and surrounding areas. Over 80 per cent of people displaced from Mosul are sheltering in camps and emergency sites, but increasingly, people displaced from west Mosul and Tel Afar are choosing to go to host communities in east Mosul in order to reunite with their families. Elsewhere, displacement from Hawiga has slowed since the beginning of the year, reaching a standstill by the end of the month.
Movements of people continue to be complex and diverse across Iraq. Military operations in Mosul are displacing increasingly large numbers of people, especially since hostilities began in the west of the city in mid-February. The majority is sheltering in camps and emergency sites where humanitarian assistance is being provided. In other parts of the country displacement has slowed: for example, the number of people leaving Hawiga has been declining since the start of the year and has shifted in recent weeks, with more people now heading to Salah al-Din than to Kirkuk.
By the end of February 2017, 163,000 people were displaced by military operations to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Following a pause, hostilities resumed in western Mosul on 19 February, leading to a spike in displacement. All people displaced from western Mosul have been accommodated with family members or in camps and emergency sites, where they receive a tented plot, basic household supplies, hygiene kits, and 30-day food rations. Camp expansion is rapidly accelerating to ensure capacity keeps pace with demand.
WEST MOSUL CITY DISPLACEMENT
On 19 February, Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) resumed military operations to retake western Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). There has been a significant increase in people displaced from western Mosul since ISF entered more densely populated neighbourhoods in the city’s south.
ASSISTANCE PROVIDED TO NEWLY DISPLACED PEOPLE
Over 163,000 people were displaced by end of January 2017 due to military operations to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. After military forces gradually took control of the eastern part of the city, commercial goods started to reach markets and humanitarian access improved. The distribution of food, water trucking and restoration of water services are priorities in eastern Mosul. Some 85 per cent of the displaced people from Mosul are staying in emergency sites and camps supported by the Government and humanitarian partners.
In 2016, more than 690,000 people were newly displaced across Iraq; around 318,000 people remain displaced along the Mosul corridor where fighting has intensified over the last months. At the end of the year, over 121,000 people were living in displacement as a result of the Mosul conflict; 85 per cent of whom were staying in emergency sites and camps supported by the Government and humanitarian partners.
In preparation for the Mosul humanitarian operation, the Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq has allocated some US$45.3 million from the Iraq Humanitarian Pooled Fund (IHPF) to respond to the needs of people who are displaced or affected by the Mosul offensive. With expectations of mass displacements, funds were urgently needed to set up camps and emergency sites to receive displaced people and pre-position supplies to be ready to immediately deliver life-saving assistance.
By 15 November, the Iraq Humanitarian Pooled Fund (IHPF) had allocated US$88.3 million to life-saving and life sustaining humanitarian activities in 2016.