As of 21 April, over 900,000 people are affected by prolonged drought across 17 of the 25 districts in Sri Lanka. A joint in-country drought response plan is currently being developed by the Humanitarian Country Team in consultation with the Ministry of Disaster Management. NGO consortium partners are supporting local authorities in providing water, sanitation and hygiene services and unconditional cash grants.
In March, US$3 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund was allocated to provide life-saving assistance.
Over the past seven months Myanmar has experienced a surge in new displacement in four states, while humanitarian organizations simultaneously faced severe constraints on access. Border post attacks on 9 Oct 2016 and subsequent security operations triggered a new humanitarian crisis in northern Rakhine. Intensified conflict resulted in new displacement in Kachin and northern Shan. Thousands were also relocated in Kayin State due to fighting in Sep 2016.
Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) interventions have increasingly been used by humanitarian organisations in Myanmar since Cyclone Nargis in 2008. In 2016, over 640,000 people received some form of cash transfers from humanitarian organisations valued over US$ 13 million. Organisations are increasing preparedness efforts for CTP where feasible, embracing innovations such as mobile money and promoting linkages with the Government’s social protection programmes.
As of 5 April, 900,000 drought-affected people have been classed as severely food insecure, of which 80,000 need immediate support to mitigate the impact of the drought and 25,000 require urgent humanitarian assistance. The loss of two consecutive harvests due to poor rainfall has impacted food security and resilience. As a consequence of the poor Maha harvest, seeds for the Yala season are “seriously compromised.” This, coupled with water shortages, could exacerbate the situation if the Yala harvest is severely impacted as expected.
United Nations Coordinated Appeals
A landslide that struck Banaran Village of Ponorogo District, East Java on 1 April caused two deaths, injured 20 people and damaged approximately 30 homes. 26 people are still missing and around 300 people were evacuated. Local government has declared a two week emergency response and provided basic relief assistance. Heavy equipment has been mobilized in the search and rescue effort, and provincial and national government have provided support including for housing relocation assistance.1
26 people still missing
Changes in context:
As a result of attacks on security and civilian targets by the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army in Laukkai (Kokang Self-Administered Zone) on 6 March, media sources reported that up to 20,000 people are estimated to have fled across the border into China. At least 30 people, including five civilians, were reportedly killed in the violence. Thousands of migrant workers from other parts of Myanmar have also fled the Laukkai area and are returning home.
20,000 people estimated to have crossed into China
Over the past six months Myanmar has experienced a surge in new displacement in four states, while humanitarian organizations simultaneously faced severe constraints on access. Border post attacks on 9 Oct 2016 and subsequent security operations triggered a new humanitarian crisis in northern Rakhine. Intensified conflict resulted in new displacement in Kachin and northern Shan. Thousands were also relocated in Kayin State due to fighting in Sep 2016.
As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
In 2016, the Surge Capacity Section (SCS) managed 144 deployments to 32 countries.
The Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF) mobilises resources for partners to respond to the critical humanitarian needs in Myanmar. It provides funding to both national and international humanitarian organizations for activities that are in line with the United Nations and Partners Humanitarian Response Plan. In 2016, a total of US$ 5.6 million has been allocated, to 22 projects targeting 185,300 people in need in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan States.