Changes in context:
As a result of attacks on security and civilian targets by the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army in Laukkai (Kokang Self-Administered Zone) on 6 March, media sources reported that up to 20,000 people are estimated to have fled across the border into China. At least 30 people, including five civilians, were reportedly killed in the violence. Thousands of migrant workers from other parts of Myanmar have also fled the Laukkai area and are returning home.
20,000 people estimated to have crossed into China
Over the past six months Myanmar has experienced a surge in new displacement in four states, while humanitarian organizations simultaneously faced severe constraints on access. Border post attacks on 9 Oct 2016 and subsequent security operations triggered a new humanitarian crisis in northern Rakhine. Intensified conflict resulted in new displacement in Kachin and northern Shan. Thousands were also relocated in Kayin State due to fighting in Sep 2016.
As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
In 2016, the Surge Capacity Section (SCS) managed 144 deployments to 32 countries.
The Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF) mobilises resources for partners to respond to the critical humanitarian needs in Myanmar. It provides funding to both national and international humanitarian organizations for activities that are in line with the United Nations and Partners Humanitarian Response Plan. In 2016, a total of US$ 5.6 million has been allocated, to 22 projects targeting 185,300 people in need in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan States.
As of 31 January, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.5 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 93.5 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due the finalisation of five additional Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs). Seventeen HRPs have been published so far. Together the appeals are funded at $77.2 million, leaving a shortfall of $22.4 billion.
The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team is part of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the international emergency response system for sudden-onset emergencies. UNDAC was created in 1993. It is designed to help the United Nations and governments of disaster-affected countries during the first phase of a sudden-onset emergency. UNDAC, as a tool of OCHA, also assists in the coordination of incoming international relief at national level and/or at the site of the emergency.
258.7 million population (2016 projection) 49.8% Female 50.2% Male
148 million Number of people living in areas prone to a natural disaster
US$3,346 Lower middle income GDP per capita (2015)
28.5 million population (2015 ) 51% Female 49% Male
25.2% poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population 2010)
23% of all disasters in Nepal are landslides (between 1970 and 2015)
US$732 Lower middle income GDP per capita (2015)
160.9 million population (2015 ) 49.5% Female 50.5% Male
31.5% poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population 2010)
US$1,211 Lower middle income GDP per capita (2015)
51.5 million population (2014 ) 51.1% Female 48.9% Male
Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) 2017
$150M requested, targeting 525,000 people
65 operational presence: number of partners
US$1,161 Lower middle income GDP per capita (2015)
As of 17 January, an estimated 644,000 people across eight provinces have been affected by drought and salt water intrusion over the past four months. Batticaloa District in Eastern province is the worst affected with 302,000 people experiencing the effects of drought.
The Government has initiated water trucking in Batticaloa and taken measures to import additional rice in the event the prolonged drought has significant impact on food supplies. The President of Sri Lanka has established a Task Force to coordinate the response.