A surge in returns to four Agencies has seen over 10,400 families leaving for North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Kurram and Orakzai in the past week. All IDPs have left New Durrani camp for Kurram and the camp is closing. Returns are likely to continue at the same pace for the coming weeks period. The return plan is slightly ahead of schedule at this point.
From 14 to 16 April 2016, a mission including the Humanitarian Coordinator and OCHA Head of Office (o.i.c) conducted a two-day visit to Kurram Agency. The team visited New Durrani camp, recently denotified areas of Central Kurram and villages where returns took place two years ago to gain a better understanding of the immediate humanitarian needs of returned IDPs.
Returns are continuing with 3,084 families leaving for North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Kurram and Orakzai Agencies during the past week. These returns include IDPs leaving New Durrani and Togh Sarai Camps. The current phase of returns will continue until mid-May and may consist of up to 50,000 families. The Government, UN, and NGOs are providing sevices at the embarkation points including voluntary return forms, ATM and SIM cards for cash grants, nutrition, protection, grievance desks, health, vaccination, and WASH.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An Inter-Cluster Assessment Mission was conducted to Orakzai Agency from 8 to 13 April 2016 to assess the situation in a sample of recently denotified villages. An estimated 15,000 IDP families from Aa Khel, Mulla Khel, Chapri Feroz Khel, Mishti Hindara and Mishti Gawak tribes are expected to return to these areas starting 20 April 2016. Approximately 2,800 families will return in the first phase through the Jerma embarkation point in Kohat.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An Inter-Cluster Assessment Mission was conducted to Kurram Agency from 8 to 13 April 2016 to assess the situation in a sample of the 151 recently denotified villages. An estimated 12,000 families from Alisherzai,
Zemusht and Masozai tribes from Central Kurram are expected to return to these areas starting 20 April 2016.
The overall security situation is conducive for returns. The situation in the three tribes differed significantly.
(Islamabad, 16 April 2016): The United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Pakistan Mr. Neil Buhne concluded his two-day visit to Kurram Agency, Federally Administered Tribal Areas on Saturday, 16 April, 2016, accompanied by the acting Head of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Pakistan, Dr. Alexandra de Sousa.
Unseasonably heavy pre-monsoon rains have affected 53 districts across Pakistan. Since 9 March 2016, 262 people have been killed, and 223 injured, with 56% of the fatalities occurring in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The rains have caused flooding, and landslides and have damaged almost 2,700 houses. Gilgit Baltistan is experiencing food shortages due to landslides on the Karakoram Highway, which remains closed. Most interior district roads remain open and passable, and damage to telecommunication infrastructure was minimal.
A powerful earthquake struck Badakshan Province in Afghanistan 10 April and also affected a large area of Pakistan.
According to the US Geological Service the magnitude 6.6 quake struck at 10:28 UTC (UTC), at a depth of 210 kilometers, with the epicenter in Badakshan, Afghanistan in the Hindu Kush mountain range. Considerable shaking was felt in Khyber Paktunkhwa (KP), the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and Pakistan Administered Kashmir, as well as in the capital Islamabad.
In 2015, PHPF received a total contribution of US$8.8 million from SIDA ($5.7 million) and DFID ($3 million). This represented a significant increase from $4.9 million in 2014. In addition, $1.4 million in funding was rolled over from 2014 to 2015.
Key achievements toward Strategic Objectives
In 2015, the response of the humanitarian community in Pakistan focused on people displaced from and returning to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Nutrition programmes targeting malnourishment were also implemented across the country.
Key achievements include:
An average of 1.40 million IDPs (86 per cent of people in need) received food on a monthly basis.
360,000 people were provided with access to water for drinking, cooking and maintaining personal hygiene.
Most remaining IDPs are expected to return to FATA in 2016.
With over 1.5 million remain- ing registered Afghan refu- gees, Pakistan constitutes the world’s largest protracted refugee situation.
Female-headed households have more dif culty access- ing assistance due to a lack of documentation and cultural restrictions.
Displacement and natural disasters compound already high rates of food insecurity in Pakistan.
An inter-Cluster assessment mission was conducted to Ladha, Sararogha,
Sarwakai, and Tiarza Tehsils South Waziristan Agency (SWA) from 10 to 13 February 2016. The mission visited eight recently de-notified villages. The Government plans to facilitate the return of some 30,000 IDPs to these areas.
Key findings and recommendations
Returns have been halted since 18 February. It is expected that all returns will resume in mid-April. There are 151 newly denotified villages in Kurram Agency and up to 14,000 families will return to those areas. New Durrani camp will likely close following these returns. Pre-registration for return to South Waziristan Agency (SWA) has started for 30,000 families. The Government has informed that all of Orakzai Agency will be denotified shortly allowing the return of over 15,000 families. In addition over 49,000 non-registered families have returned in the past year.
From January to December 2015, 16 people were affected in 37 incidents. Twenty-eight of these incidents were threats. Of the 16 affected, four police escorts and seven polio workers were killed while another five polio workers were injured. Of the seven polio workers killed, four were killed after kidnapping. However, for 3 of these there is some uncertainty related to polio eradication programs.
OCHA continues monitoring violence against polio and aid workers since 2013. From January 2015,OCHA collects data from UNICEF as verified source of Polio.