A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Hepatitis E virus is probably the leading cause of hepatitis viral in the world. The global burden of Morbidity Study (WHO, 2010) estimated that at least 20.1 million people are infected globally by the virus genotypes 1 and 2 every year, out of which only 3.4 million people reported the disease, resulting in 70,000 deaths and 3,000 newborns baby deaths.
MSF facilities struggling to cope with influx of patients
Two consecutive strikes by health professionals in 2017 have caused crippling consequences to Kenya’s health system, leaving many public health facilities closed and thousands of people without access to essential medical services.
• Federal Minister of Health and senior UN delegation visits Kalma IDP camp to see AWD response.
• Heavy rains and flash floods affect over 10,000 people in North and South Darfur.
• In 2017, an estimated 15,000 people have returned to their home areas in the Rokoro area, North Jebel Marra locality.
• Humanitarian needs in the Rokoro area include food, emergency household supplies, water, health and education assistance.
On Monday in Khartoum the Health Minister Bahar Idris Abugarda announced the spread of ‘watery diarrhoea’ in 12 states and confirmed the death of four people and infection of 186 others during the past week. Reports of deaths and infections continue to reach this station from across Sudan.
Ten people have died and 26 others have been infected with cholera at camp El Salam in Nyala, capital of South Darfur in the last 10 days.
From 27 April to 19 July 2017, 368 207 suspected cholera cases and 1 828 deaths (CFR: 0.5%) have been reported in 91.3% (21/23) of Yemen governorates, and 88.6% (295/333) of the districts.
Geographical distribution of cases
The five most affected governorates were Amanat Al Asimah, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, Amran and Ibb with 53.8% (198 227/368 207) of the cases reported since 27 April 2017.
Kenya's Health Cabinet Secretary (CS) Cleopa Mailu on Wednesday announced that Jacaranda and San Valencia hotels in Nairobi have been closed down indefinitely in the wake of cholera outbreak.
The two hotels are said to have offered catering services at events where participants were later hospitalised after developing cholera-related symptoms.
The minister further said 12 counties have been affected by the outbreak with Nairobi and Garissa, in the northeast, being the worst hit.
During the last 07 month of the year 2017, 97125 suspected dengue cases have been reported to the Epidemiology Unit from all over the island. Latest Disease Trends,
Approximately 42.26% of dengue cases were reported from the Western province. The highest numbers of dengue cases were reported during the 27 week of 2017.
This situation warrants regular removal of possible mosquito breeding sites from the environment. It is also important to seek medical attention in the event of fever by day three of the illness. Last Updated on Wednesday, 19 July 2017 10:20
Today I joined Sri Lankan Minister of Foreign Affairs Karunanayake to announce the Australian Government will provide life-saving support through the World Health Organization (WHO) to help combat a severe dengue outbreak in Sri Lanka.
Dengue is an insidious virus that emerges quickly when the conditions are right and in its severe form, it can be fatal. According to WHO, 50 to 100 million infections occur each year in over 100 countries – putting almost half the world's population at risk.
Cabinet of Ministers this week approved a joint proposal made by Minister Faizer Musthafa and Minister Sagala Rathnayake to implement several immediate steps for the prevention of irregular waste disposal in Colombo and suburbs and Dengue prevention.
These steps were decided at the meeting chaired by Prime Minister Ranil Wickremeinghe.
Republic of Kenya Ministry of Health
The National Government through the Ministry of Health is concerned with the increasing incidences of food borne diarrheal, poisoning and cholera in different towns and cities in the country, often related to public functions and outsourcing of food. So far 336 cases with related signs and symptoms; and 3 deaths have been recorded by the Nairobi County since May 2017.
From 1 January to 7 July 2017, the Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry of Health (MoH) Sri Lanka reported 80 732 dengue fever cases, including 215 deaths. This is a 4.3 fold higher than the average number of cases for the same period between 2010 and 2016, and the monthly number of cases exceeds the mean plus three standard deviations for each of the past six months. Based on sentinel site surveillance for the past seven years the expected peak months of May to July coincides with the south-western monsoon which commences in late April.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Chairman Young, Ranking Member Merkley, and the members of this subcommittee for holding this important and timely hearing today. Refugees International (RI) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that advocates for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people in parts of the world impacted by conflict, persecution and forced displacement. Based here in Washington, we conduct fact-finding missions to research and report on the circumstances of displaced populations in countries such as Somalia, Iraq, Uganda, and Turkey.
SUSPECTED CHOLERA CASES
LAB CONFIRMED CASES
National Emergency Operations Centres (EOCs) in Aden and Sana'a have now been redesigned and strengthened to harness the full capacity of United Nations agencies and partners to support the cholera response.
With five national campaigns since October 2016, Pakistan is well positioned to face the challenges ahead.
At the end of May 2017, more than 38 million children under the age of 5 were vaccinated against polio in Pakistan. During the campaign, over 250,000 trained polio workers went from house to house across the length and breadth of the country to vaccinate children against the crippling disease.
by Rajat Madhok
ALHESN, Sana’a, Yemen, 18 July 2017 – A whirl of dust and wind sweeps through Alhesn, a village perched atop Sana’a’s highest hill. A young girl and her little brother slowly climb up the steep stony path leading to the village, carrying half-filled jerry cans of water. Nearby, a shepherd herds his cattle through the walled entrance of this hamlet, which is home to 70 families.
Appeal History and Background
• Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): on May 20, 2015, 178,980 Swiss francs were initially allocated from IFRC’s DREF to support the National Society set up the operations in five states.
• An Emergency Appeal was launched on 10 July 2015 for 3,934,859 Swiss francs to assist 389,930 beneficiaries for 12 months.
Since 2009, ACTED has been acting in Somalia and has focused on this region to improve access to food, water hygiene and sanitation. In December 2016, ACTED opened an office in Badhan (Sanaag region) and settled in Puntland following the worsening drought. Indeed, in March 2017, in Somalia, nearly 2.9 million people are in serious food insecurity. Sanaag is one of the areas most affected by the crisis.
Regarding this crisis situation, The Fonds SUEZ initiatives, once again, wished to engage with the ACTED teams to help the populations of this region.