Humanitarian Crises in Southern and Eastern Africa
In early 2017, famine was declared in parts of South Sudan, with almost five million people classified as severely food insecure, while warnings of possible famine were issued for other countries in the Horn of Africa. By February the number of severely food-insecure people across the greater Horn of Africa region had increased to 22.9 million and this could rise even further. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
WFP has classified the drought crisis in the Horn of Africa as a Level 2 Emergency. Some 2.9 million people in Somalia and 5.6 million people in Ethiopia are categorised as being in either crisis or emergency IPC levels 3 and 4, and require urgent humanitarian assistance. In Kenya, 2.6 million people also require emergency food assistance, of whom 2.2 million are in IPC Phase 3.
The Somali and Kenyan governments have declared the drought situation a “national disaster” and appealed to the international community to support the response efforts. In Somalia, WFP scaled up its emergency response in February, reaching nearly 1 million people through general distributions, nutrition interventions and school meals programme. (WFP, 15 Mar 2017)
At the other end of the continent, some countries in southern Africa were hit by floods and an infestation of army worm, further compounding the food insecurity experienced in the region as a consequence of the El-Niño phenomenon that struck in 2015-16.
According to WFP, the nutrition situation deteriorated in the seven most severely drought-affected countries - Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe - in the latter half of 2016, with several countries recording wasting levels above 5 percent. Pockets of very high acute malnutrition are still prevalent in Zimbabwe and Madagascar (WFP, 21 Feb 2017)
Madagascar was also hit by a tropical cyclone in March 2017, leaving more than 110,000 people displaced.
All Updates on Humanitarian Crises in Southern and Eastern Africa
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During its informal consultations on 21 March 2017, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2206 (2015) concerning South Sudan was briefed by Leila Zerrougui, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, and Zainab Hawa Bangura, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict.
February has shown significant reduction in NRU deaths i.e.9.4%; After January 2017 high deaths rates (12.9%) reported in NRUs, UNICEF in collaboration Ministry of health have put several emergency measures in place, including the daily/weekly death watch/surveillance ongoing currently.
I condemn in the strongest possible terms the killing of six humanitarian aid workers in an ambush in South Sudan on Saturday, 25 March. This is the third serious attack against aid workers this month alone. Since the start of the conflict in December 2013, attacks against aid workers have continued with impunity and at least 79 aid workers have lost their lives. This is completely unacceptable and must stop now, especially at a time when humanitarian needs have reached unprecedented levels.
CLUSTER SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
SO1: Contribute to the protection of newly displaced people and those affected by natural hazards. (NFIs, ESKs)
SO2: Improve the living conditions of the protracted internally displaced persons (Transitional shelters, NFIs)
SO3: Facilitate access to durable solutions for IDPs that are willing to locally integrate or return (Permanent shelters)
The Government of Japan provided emergency relief goods, namely 500 tents, 40 plastic sheets, 40 water purifiers and 800 portable jerry cans. This is in response to the damage caused by the recent floods and cyclone and in light of the friendly relations between the people of Japan and Zimbabwe.
After three years of drought Somalia is on the brink of a humanitarian disaster. In a town in the southern part of the country residents walk for days to find something to eat.
More than 3 million people in Kenya are impacted by the drought across East Africa, with the worst affected living in the arid and semi-arid lands across the country. The rains have been depressed over the past year and pastoralists are very badly impacted, their livelihoods destroyed and their families suffering. FIfteeen of the 23 arid and semi-arid counties are now in the emergency category. The priority now is to save lives and livelihoods.
Food has become more expensive due to the drought
The ongoing drought in Somalia presents mounting challenges on the humanitarian front, as communities struggle with its devastating effects. As the drought worsens and the dry season reaches its peak, water-borne diseases are becoming more and more prevalent due to lack of safe drinking water, poor hygiene and a lack of sanitation. The number of people affected by waterborne diseases such as acute watery diarrhea and cholera has spiked since late 2016 and continues to rise.
Baidoa, 22 March 2017 - Truckloads of medical supplies are being sent to villages hard hit by drought in Somalia’s South West after a UN airlift of emergency supplies arrived in Baidoa today.
The supplies were donated by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) through the generosity of the government and people of Turkey and will be distributed by humanitarian partners to treat severely dehydrated patients.
The Zimbabwe Peace Project condemns the political and economic violence against opposition party members who are working at Mbare Msika Market.
Today ZANU PF youths visited Ngaritutwe Bottle Store in Mbare and forced the proprietors to close down the bar accusing them of holding MDC-T meetings at the bar. The youths went on to burn sofas that were in the building and locked the gate of the premises ordering the proprietors to stop their business operations.
Zenebe Teklewold/Filip Andersson
Swift, well-coordinated actions by different components of UNMISS saw two separate outbreaks of fire in the Bentiu protection of civilians site being taken care of without any resulting deaths or injuries. The fires, occurring over the weekend, destroyed a total of 117 shelters.
“The coordination between different components of UNMISS was really commendable and that was what made a timely and effective response possible,” says Anastasie Nyirigira, Acting Head of the UNMISS Bentiu Field Office.
Jacob Ruai/Amanda Voisard
Ghanaian peacekeeping troops (GHANBATT) serving under the UN Mission in South Sudan are providing desperately needed medical services to the local population in Leer County in Southern Unity state.
Health facilities in the region have been subject to looting during the on-going conflict. In addition, several local health partners were evacuated, leaving the county without a functioning health facility to provide basic services.
Distributions through mobile teams in Leer County and the broader Greater Upper Nile continue, as WFP also prepares for a seasonal relief scale-up in Northern Bahr El Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria states.
Market price monitoring highlights dramatic increases in food prices. In January 2017, a food basket in Juba cost five times as much as the year before.
WFP has completed 20 percent of its commodity prepositioning plan in preparation for the rainy season.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 25,062,572 Swiss francs (increased from 9,107,628 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in assisting 1,033,300 people (an increase from 340,786 people) for twelve months. The expanded operation will focus on the following sectors: Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Livelihoods, Nutrition and Food Security.
Press release 56/2017 27 March 2017
By decision of Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Kai Mykkänen, Finland’s humanitarian aid will amount to EUR 61.4 million, of which approximately EUR 20 million will be channelled to the famine-hit countries in the Horn of Africa and to Nigeria and Yemen.
Conclusions and options for response