topics icon

Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen

More than 30 million people in northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing severe food insecurity, of whom 20 million are at immediate risk. Continued violence in all four countries is compounding decades of under-investment in agriculture, leading to a potential catastrophe if humanitarian corridors are not opened up quickly, and aid is not increased rapidly, to prevent millions from dying of hunger. The UN has issued an urgent appeal for US$4.9 billion by July for life-saving assistance in the key areas of food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene, but so far, only $1.9 billion has been received. (OCHA, 9 June 2017)

NIGERIA - EMERGENCY

According to OCHA (15 May 2017), 4.7 million people are estimated to be food insecure in the country’s most crisis-affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe). This number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August if adequate measures are not put in place. In addition, says NRC (5 May 2017), some families are so desperate for food that they have eaten their seed stocks, leaving them nothing to plant for the next growing season. Communities began to flee violence in northeast Nigeria in 2009, following relentless violence by the armed group Boko Haram. Some 1.8 million people have been displaced inside Nigeria since, and over 200,000 have fled to Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Now these countries are forcing them to return, adding to the burden of care on already very stretched resources.

SOMALIA - EMERGENCY

According to the latest reports, there is an increased risk of famine this year in some parts of Somalia. To respond to the growing needs, partners have revised the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017; it now seeks US$1.5 billion to reach 5.5 million people with life-saving assistance in 2017. As of 11 May, donors had provided $634 million in 2017.

The number of people needing humanitarian assistance has increased to 6.7 million, up from 6.2 million, according to the latest projections by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit. A total of 3.2 million people are expected to face Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4) levels of food insecurity through June (OCHA, 16 May 2017).

The warnings are clear: in a worst-case scenario where, first, the 2017 Gu (April-June) season performs very poorly, second, purchasing power declines to levels seen in 2010/2011, and third, humanitarian assistance is unable to reach populations in need, famine (IPC Phase 5) is expected (FAO, 5 May 2017).

In addition, Somalia is experiencing the worst outbreak of cholera in five years, with nearly 38,000 cases and almost 683 deaths so far in 2017. With the beginning of the rainy season and projected flooding, these numbers are expected to increase to 50,000 cases by end-June. Cases of measles are also on the rise, with more than 7,000 this year, 65 per cent affecting children under-five (OCHA, 16 May 2017).

SOUTH SUDAN - EMERGENCY

Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017. The early detection of the deterioration of the food security situation into famine followed by the subsequent large-scale immediate response averted further loss of life, thus underscoring the importance of evidence based analysis and response. However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints ... In June-July 2017, in addition to approximately 45,000 people estimated to be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe, an estimated 1.7 million people are likely to be facing food security emergency (IPC Phase 4) - one-step below Famine on the IPC scale. (IPC, 21 Jun 2017).

South Sudan has now become the world’s fastest-growing refugee crisis, with more than 1.8 million people – including one million children – having sought safety in Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic (WFP, UNHCR, 15 May 2017). Agencies are now seeking $1.4 billion to help South Sudanese refugees in the six neighbouring countries until the end of 2017.

YEMEN - EMERGENCY

With an estimated 17 million people in ‘emergency’ or ‘crisis’ levels of food insecurity, Yemen is one of the worst hunger crises in the world. After two years of deadly civil war, more than two-thirds of the population are struggling to feed themselves and urgently require life and livelihood-saving assistance. Taiz and Al Hudaydah, traditionally food-producing governorates, have been the focus of intense violence since the crisis escalated. Without additional humanitarian and livelihoods support, these two regions, accounting for almost a quarter of Yemen’s population, risk slipping into famine (FAO, 5 May 2017). In addition, the cholera outbreak has surged in recent months, with 23,425 new suspected cases and 242 related deaths (case-fatality rate 1.1%) reported in May, mainly from Amran, Hajjah and Sana’a governorates and Sana’a city (WHO, 20 May 2017).

All Updates on Fighting Famine in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen

Filter results

Country

Organization

Only show "Must Read"
12,869 entries found
Sort by: Latest |Relevance
18 Aug 2017 description

Food shortages are expected to continue in Somalia up until the end of the year. Below average Gu rains, pest infestation and lesser than average area cultivated, have resulted in reduced cereal production, expected to be 50-60 percent of the average according to the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). Displaced persons, many of whom face insecure livelihoods, are particularly affected. According to nutrition surveys conducted by FSNAU, there is a Global Acute Malnutrition (WHZ) prevalence of 15 percent or higher in nine out of 12 displaced people’s settlements.

18 Aug 2017 description

Highlights
- The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains critical until the end of the year. Continued large scale assistance is required to keep Somalia free of famine.
- In July, WFP reached 2.3 million beneficiaries with emergency food and cash-based assistance.

17 Aug 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Tripartite Commission assembles to discuss implementation of Tripartite Agreement

  • Nigerian military forcibly enters UN compound in northeastern Nigeria, prompting UN to suspend operations

  • Nearly 6,700 Nigeriens flee to Chad due to fear of attacks by armed groups

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

17 Aug 2017 description

Since 2013, acute insecurity in northeastern Nigeria has uprooted Nigerian families and generated immense humanitarian needs. In cooperation with the Nigerian government, and in light of significantly improved access to people in need, the humanitarian community has worked quickly to launch a large-scale emergency response since 2016. However, conditions remain particularly fragile in eastern Borno State, where ongoing insecurity continues to restrict access to basic services and impede relief operations.

17 Aug 2017 description

POLITICS AND SECURITY

OVERVIEW

Instability and violence have continued across the country following escalation of conflict in March 2015. As of 30 April 2017, at least 8,053 civillians have been killed and over 45,000 injured, although it is likely that the actual toll is much higher. All parties to the conflict have committed serious human rights and humanitarian law violations.

17 Aug 2017 description

Juba (ICRC) - The president of the ICRC arrived in South Sudan today to view the devastating effects that the country's continued violence is having on the millions of residents on the brink of extreme hunger.

The numbers associated with South Sudan's violence reveal the level of brutality being carried out against civilians. Of the country's population of 12 million, one in three residents has been displaced, while one in two is severely hungry and in need of food assistance.

17 Aug 2017 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Insecurity and poor rains threaten harvests from the current cropping season.
• Food insecurity reported in Mvolo, many people surviving on wild food.
• Youth hard hit by the South Sudan violence and humanitarian crisis.
• Fighting and insecurity disrupt provision of humanitarian assistance and displace thousands in Upper Nile.
• Looting of humanitarian compounds and supplies increased in July.

In this issue

17 Aug 2017 description

With 20 million women, children and men struggling to find food and safe drinking water in parts of Africa and Yemen, Canadians donated more than $8 million to the Humanitarian Coalition and its member agencies during the Stop Famine Together joint campaign.

Thanks to the Government of Canada’s Famine Relief Fund, which matched eligible donations, even more relief aid is available to those in need.

17 Aug 2017 description

Juba (ICRC) - The president of the ICRC arrived in South Sudan today to view the devastating effects that the country's continued violence is having on the millions of residents on the brink of extreme hunger.

The numbers associated with South Sudan's violence reveal the level of brutality being carried out against civilians. Of the country's population of 12 million, one in three residents has been displaced, while one in two is severely hungry and in need of food assistance.

17 Aug 2017 description

The 24-month Emergency Crisis Response Project (ECRP) aims to mitigate the impact of the current crisis on local households and communities and assist their recovery from the bottom-up using local systems, capacities and institutions to progressively resume and scale-up service delivery. The project will achieve specific results in: 1) Increasing sustainable employment and livelihoods opportunities, including health and education; 2) Reviving the agricultural sector through support to key value chains.

17 Aug 2017 description

written by:

Fai Hassan

For years, South Sudan has struggled with the instability brought on by conflict. Displacement, lack of access to education, sexual gender-based violence, inflation—the list goes on. On top of that, in February 2017, the United Nations announced a famine in South Sudan. One affecting upwards of 50% of the population, including a million children.

17 Aug 2017 description

By Stephanie Nebehay and Abduljabbar Zeyad

GENEVA/HODEIDAH, Yemen, Aug 16 (Reuters) - The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) plans to send a test shipment of rice to Yemen this month in its first attempt since February to deliver food aid via the port of Hodeidah, held by Houthi fighters allied to Iran.

17 Aug 2017 description

One million South Sudanese have fled for their lives across Uganda’s border seeking safety since the start of the war in 2013. About a third of this number arrived since January 2017, highlighting that conflict continues to rage in South Sudan.

16 Aug 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

• An estimated 1.69 million people are still internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe. Of them, 85 per cent are in Borno alone.

• Between January and June 2017, the Nigeria Immigration Service registered 19,257 Nigerian refugee returnees, including 15,036 refugee returnees returned during the recent influx from April to June.

16 Aug 2017 description
report Food for the Hungry

WRITTEN BY BETH ALLEN

The complexities of the South Sudan refugee crisis are myriad. Merely crossing the border, leaving the war behind, doesn’t end the nightmare. Food for the Hungry is walking alongside refugees and host families in Northern Uganda who are part of the living hell of the world’s worst refugee situation since World War II.

16 Aug 2017 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

• The IOM DTM Round XVII (June 2017) estimates that a total of 1.69 million people are still internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, of which 85 per cent are in Borno alone.

• Between January 2015 and 15 June 2017, the number of Nigerian returnees registered by the Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS) with UNHCR support reached nearly 360,000 individuals.