El Niño 2015-16
The El Niño weather event has been in a neutral phase since May. Nevertheless, it continues to have a devastating impact on vulnerable people in parts of Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and the Pacific, the Dry Corridor in Central America, and Haiti in the Caribbean. This event will also cause long term consequences for public health, nutrition, livelihoods, water and sanitation.
The weather phenomenon has resulted in poor or failed harvests in Africa, the Pacific and Central America in mid-2016, and has forced millions of poor households to resort to negative coping mechanisms, such as reducing meal sizes and non-food expenditures and selling productive assets. Poor or failed harvests lower the food supply and drive up food prices putting more burden on vulnerable households who have already seen their income reduced from poor crop production, loss of livestock and lack of employment. Water scarcity has also triggered human and livestock migration, particularly in pastoral communities. While some areas have experienced poor harvests due to drought, El Niño has led to heavy rainfalls and flooding in other parts of East Africa, Asia and Latin America, which has damaged crops and further reduced food security. The drought and floods also contribute to the spread of water- and mosquito-borne diseases.
All Updates on El Niño 2015-16
Original publication Date
Press Release Number: 01/2017
The year 2016 has been confirmed as the hottest year on record, surpassing the exceptionally high temperatures of 2015, according to a consolidated analysis by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
The globally averaged temperature in 2016 was about 1.1°C higher than the pre-industrial period. It was approximately 0.83° Celsius above the long term average (14°C) of the WMO 1961-1990 reference period, and about 0.07°C warmer than the previous record set in 2015.
New Commodity Management Unit to improve coordination between PSNP and relief food
Lowland areas of Afar, Oromia, Somali and SNNP regions facing serious shortage of water
Frost affecting harvest as Ethiopia is experiencing unprecedented cold season
1.4 million people food insecure
629,612 people reached in December
622,765 people reached under FFA/GFD
6,847 received nutrition support
Mozambique is now entering the peak of the lean season. The period leading up to the next harvest in March/April marks the height of the lean season.
CERF funds help International Organization for Migration (IOM) to provide emergency primary healthcare in Puntland and Somaliland.
An estimated 1.42 million people (756,000 children) are affected by the drought, including 800,000 people food insecure in the provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila.
17,762 children under five with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been treated through therapeutic treatment programmes assisted by UNICEF in 2016.
UNICEF has provided 52,500 people with access to safe water through the rehabilitation of 105 water pumps in 2016.
• UNICEF, the World Bank and the Ministry of Social Development disbursed the third tranche of the Cash Grant Top-up to 85,443 children (53% were girls) in 28,481 households, providing unconditional emergency support to families with children negatively affected by food insecurity and other drought related deprivations.
Gregorio Chávez Matul, alcalde de San Francisco La Unión, comentó “con el apoyo que nos brinda SESAN vemos un futuro prometedor para nuestras comunidades, nos han motivado para trabajar el tema y esperamos en febrero activar la Oficina Municipal de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional para que las acciones sean efectivas en favor de la niñez”.
• UNICEF and partners continue to meet on-going humanitarian needs, respond to small, localised emergencies and remain prepared to respond to requests for humanitarian assistance. UNICEF and partners reached more adults and children than planned, providing access to safe water, learning materials, safe spaces for learning, Vitamin A supplementation and deworming. Reports of Grave Child Rights Violations have been identified, verified and responded to.
WFP El Niño response scaled-up by 28 percent to reach 1 million people in December.
WFP commences the Moderate Acute Malnutrition treatment programme in 6 of the most affected districts.
USD5.6 million received from Canada, China, Finland and Russia towards WFP’s El Niño response.
The ZimVAC rapid assessment is planned for January in order to updated the findings of the July 2016 Rural Livelihoods Assessment and identify recovery needs.
FAO targets pastoralists in southern regions facing failed rains on heels of a calamitous El Niño
17 January 2016, Rome-New drought across swathes of southern Ethiopia may jeopardize the East African nation's restoration of food security after the worst agricultural seasons in decades unless urgent efforts are made to shore up vulnerable households in rural areas, FAO warned today.
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
Higher use of negative livelihoods coping strategies among households headed by women
Twice as many rural households have poor food consumption than urban households
Food insecurity increasing among households who buy food
Maize meal prices continued to fall in November but remain higher than last year
Prices for wheat flour and pulses remain stable
UNICEF Pacific Representative, Mr. Sheldon Yett, presented his credentials to the Prime Minister of Vanuatu, Hon. Charlot Salwai Tabimasmas
To date 73 per cent of children under five have been registered, while 86 per cent of children under 18 years have their birth recorded in the national birth registration system
Rains improved in many areas that were affected by severe drought last season
Poor rains have been received in Tanzania and parts of Madagascar, with likely impacts on crop production in affected areas
An armyworm outbreak has affected the region, with reports of outbreaks in Zambia,
Zimbabwe and Malawi. The outbreak in Zambia is particularly severe
• UNICEF and partners carried out the seventh complete periodic malnutrition screening of 300,000 children under 5 years of age (6 to 59 months) in October 2016. The screening found 2,146 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 10,484 affected by moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in the 8 most affected districts. In 2016, 14,500 children with SAM have been treated.
• The cumulative number of children aged 6-59 months who were treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 20 priority districts with high global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels (5% and above) at the end of November 2016, was 6,189.
Agricultural support critical now to protect livestock, equip families to plant in rainy season
Countries in the Horn of Africa are likely to see a rise in hunger and further decline of local livelihoods in the coming months, as farming families struggle with the knock-on effects of multiple droughts that hit the region this year, FAO warned today. Growing numbers of refugees in East Africa, meanwhile, are expected to place even more burden on already strained food and nutrition security.
PANORAMA DE LA SITUATION DE L’INSÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE AIGUË
Près de 60% des ménages vivant dans le Grand Sud sont directement affectés par les effets du phénomène El Niño en 2016. Sur trois années consécutives le Grand Sud a enregistré une insuffisance et une mauvaise répartition des précipitations dans le temps et dans l’espace ; une situation devenue plus précaire avec le phénomène El Niño.
Southern Africa has been hit by its worst drought in 35 years. An estimated 32 million people are food insecure.
Poverty is expected to rise, jeopardizing decades of hard-won developmental gains in the region.
Cash transfers have become the primary response to support the recovery of disaster-affected population.
By Andrea Vermehren, Lead Social Protection Specialist working in the Africa region