El Niño 2015-16
The El Niño weather event has been in a neutral phase since May. Nevertheless, it continues to have a devastating impact on vulnerable people in parts of Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and the Pacific, the Dry Corridor in Central America, and Haiti in the Caribbean. This event will also cause long term consequences for public health, nutrition, livelihoods, water and sanitation.
The weather phenomenon has resulted in poor or failed harvests in Africa, the Pacific and Central America in mid-2016, and has forced millions of poor households to resort to negative coping mechanisms, such as reducing meal sizes and non-food expenditures and selling productive assets. Poor or failed harvests lower the food supply and drive up food prices putting more burden on vulnerable households who have already seen their income reduced from poor crop production, loss of livestock and lack of employment. Water scarcity has also triggered human and livestock migration, particularly in pastoral communities. While some areas have experienced poor harvests due to drought, El Niño has led to heavy rainfalls and flooding in other parts of East Africa, Asia and Latin America, which has damaged crops and further reduced food security. The drought and floods also contribute to the spread of water- and mosquito-borne diseases.
All Updates on El Niño 2015-16
Original publication Date
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 21 February 2017 – Already grappling with an extended dry spell, countries in Greater Horn of Africa are bracing for an even deeper drought, with the approach of the traditional March to May rainy season offering little cause for comfort.
Exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon, below-average rainfall is worsening food security and water availability, straining the resilience of communities across the region.
New York, 21 February 2017 - With the Horn of Africa facing one of the worst droughts in decades, more than 5.6 million people in Ethiopia alone are in desperate need of life’s basic necessities. To provide time-critical aid to more than 785,000 people suffering from hunger, malnutrition and severe water shortages in Ethiopia’s worst-hit Somali region, Emergency Relief Coordinator and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Stephen O’Brien has released US$18.5 million from the UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).
Madagascar’s southern regions continue to endure the effects of a prolonged drought, aggravated by the effects of El Niño.
In January, despite operational challenges and access issues related to poor road conditions, WFP continued its drought emergency response to meet the increasing needs of disaster-affected communities through food and cash-based unconditional assistance and nutrition support.
• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.
Current Situation and Outlook
During the second half of 2016, tropical Pacific Ocean surface temperatures were at borderline weak La Niña/cool-neutral levels. Many atmospheric ENSO indicators also approached or exceeded La Niña thresholds. During January 2017, tropical Pacific Ocean temperatures and some atmospheric fields clearly returned to ENSO-neutral levels. With weak La Niña signals since mid-2016, in some regions the influence of other climate drivers may have equaled or even outweighed that of ENSO.
Face à une augmentation anormale du nombre de cas de paludismes rapportés par le Ministère de la santé publique et de la lutte contre le SIDA du Burundi, l’OMS a déployé une équipe d’investigation composée d’experts afin d’évaluer l’ampleur, les facteurs qui entretiennent les flambées persistantes depuis la 39 ème semaine de l’année 2016.
The extended spell of high global temperatures is continuing, with the Arctic witnessing exceptional warmth and – as a result – record low Arctic sea ice volumes for this time of year. Antarctic sea ice extent is also the lowest on record.
Nicaragua, 16 de Febrero 2017
Fuente: La Jornada
En una situación “muy grave” se encuentran al menos 40 comunidades de occidente del país debido a que la misma cantidad de pozos comunitarios están secos, esto se debe a la poca lluvia que cayó en Nicaragua el año pasado 2016.
El Coordinador Nacional de la Mesa de Riesgo Ambiental, Denis Meléndez, informó esta precaria situación que enfrentan los habitantes de la zona occidental.
Following poor rainy seasons over the past years, the south of Madagascar is currently facing a major drought crisis, with the El Nino phenomenon worsening the situation. About 1.2 million Malagasy are enduring food insecurity today, of whom 900,000 are in urgent need of assistance - the highest number in a decade.
ASUNCIÓN, 16 de febrero de 2017. Miles de niños, niñas y adolescentes de los Bañados Norte y Sur de Asunción volverán a las escuelas con mejores servicios de agua potable y sanitarios, así como capacitados en medidas de higiene y prevención de situaciones de violencia, gracias al proyecto “Ayuda humanitaria a familias afectadas por el fenómeno de El Niño en Asunción”, financiado por la Unión Europea y ejecutado por UNICEF Paraguay y organizaciones aliadas.
WFP concluded its emergency support to the El Nino-affected populations in central Mindanao.
Pepsi Corporation donated funds for the school meals programme. The contribution will help provide hot, nutritious lunch meals to thousands of children from conflict-affected areas in Mindanao.
12.500 personas se beneficiarán en los 13 municipios más afectados por El Niño en Honduras
MARCOVIA, Choluteca. –Representantes de la Unión Europea, del Programa Mundial de Alimentos de las Naciones Unidas (PMA) y del Gobierno de Honduras inauguraron hoy un importante proyecto que beneficiará a 2.500 pequeños productores y sus familias (12.500 personas) que resultaron afectados por el fenómeno de El Niño en los departamentos de Choluteca, El Paraíso y La Paz.
Thailand recovered in 2016 from a severe two-year El Niño-related drought, which had substantially reduced irrigation supplies and rice acreage in the country. Bountiful rainfall during the recent wet season replenished important reservoirs which supply the agricultural sector and enabled the government to lift restrictions on irrigated rice acreage during the 2016-17 dry season (November through May). Farmers responded by increasing rice acreage by an estimated 975,000 hectares compared to last year.
Calls for enhanced capacities to prepare for and respond to emerging pests and diseases
15 February 2017, Harare - A three-day Regional Emergency Meeting discussing new transboundary crop and livestock pests in Southern Africa kicked off today with a call for increased investment in preparedness and response capacities to new and endemic threats in Southern Africa.
WFP scales up its El Niño response to an additional 78,000 people in four districts, reaching 1.1 million people with Lean Season Assistance in January.
Initial findings of the ZimVAC Rapid Rural Assessment suggest that the lean season assistance may need to be extended for two months to prevent farmers from prematurely consuming immature crops.
Additional resources are urgently needed to support existing and additional new refugees at Tongogara refugee camp.
- Exports of maize and convoy dispatches for Malawi and Zimbabwe for the El Niño response are expected to resume in February with a contract of 5,000 mt now concluded. An additional contract of 8,000 mt of maize also earmarked for exports is planned and will be sourced from commercial traders.
January marked the peak of the nine month (July 2016 – March 2017) El Niño-induced drought response for WFP and partners, with 6 million people targeted for relief assistance.
While all commodities were provided at full ration in January, Super Cereal continued at a reduced (75 percent) ration due to resource constraints.
Durante la reunión ordinaria de la Comisión Departamental de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional –CODESAN-, de Quetzaltenango, se presentó el proyecto de implementación del Centro de Recuperación Nutricional, -CRN, el que ya cuenta con un edificio, sin embargo, necesita fondos para su equipamiento y operativización.
Soaring cost of basic staples is an extra challenge for pastoralists as livestock prices fall
14 February 2017, Rome - Drought throughout East Africa has sharply curbed harvests and pushed the prices of cereals and other staple foods to unusually high levels, posing a heavy burden to households and special risks for pastoralists in the region.
Así lo informó el Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (SMN), y remarcó que en algunas ciudades las precipitaciones superaron las estimadas para todo el mes. Descartan la posibilidad de “sudestadas permanentes” en las costas bonaerenses.
“Ni siquiera con el fenómeno de El Niño llovió tan intensamente como esta lloviendo desde el viernes”, señaló Ignacio Amorín, meteorólogo del SMN en diálogo con Télam.